Bonpland (crater)

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Bonpland crater 4120 h3.jpg
Coordinates 8°18′S 17°24′W / 8.3°S 17.4°W / -8.3; -17.4Coordinates: 8°18′S 17°24′W / 8.3°S 17.4°W / -8.3; -17.4
Diameter 60 km
Depth Unknown
Colongitude 17° at sunrise
Eponym Aimé Bonpland
Bonpland (left side above center) from Apollo 16. NASA photo.

Bonpland is the remains of a lunar crater that is attached to the walled plain Fra Mauro to the north and Parry to the east. The intersection of their rims forms a three-pointed mountainous rise. To the southeast is the small crater Tolansky. Bonpland lies on the eastern edge of Mare Cognitum.

This rim of Bonpland is heavily worn and eroded, with the intrusion of Parry in the east creating a bulging extension to the southeast. The floor has been flooded by lava in the past, leaving a relatively flat surface that is broken by a series of narrow clefts. These are collectively designated the Rimae Parry. The clefts cross the rim to the south and also to the north, extending into the neighboring Fra Mauro.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Bonpland.

Bonpland Latitude Longitude Diameter
C 10.2° S 17.4° W 4 km
D 10.1° S 18.2° W 6 km
F 7.3° S 19.3° W 4 km
G 11.6° S 18.8° W 4 km
H 11.4° S 19.9° W 4 km
J 11.4° S 20.4° W 3 km
L 7.5° S 21.2° W 3 km
N 9.4° S 21.4° W 3 km
P 10.9° S 21.5° W 1 km
R 10.7° S 18.6° W 3 km

The following craters have been renamed by the IAU.