Book of Divine Worship
The Book of Divine Worship (BDW) is an adaptation of the American Book of Common Prayer (BCP) by the Roman Catholic Church. It is used primarily by former members of the Episcopal Church within Anglican Use parishes of the Pastoral Provision and the Personal Ordinariates.
Along with the ordination of married former Episcopal priests, the Pastoral Provision of 1980 permitted the establishment of Anglican Use parishes in the United States and created a special missal using liturgical elements from the Anglican tradition. (Cf. Pope Paul VI, Sacerdotalis caelibatus, no. 42.) This special liturgy was subsequently approved in 1983 by the Vatican's Congregation for Divine Worship and the Committee for the Liturgy of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops. In 2003 it was published in book form as the Book of Divine Worship.
The Book of Divine Worship contains elements of the 1928 and 1979 American editions of the Book of Common Prayer as well as the 1970 Roman Missal, Missale Romanum.
It opens with the Calendar of the Church Year used in Anglican Use, followed by the Daily Office lectionary arranged in a two-year cycle. Three readings from Old and New Testaments are provided for each Sunday and weekday in both cycles. The psalms are arranged on a seven-week pattern throughout the year and sung in Anglican Chant. Antiphons—drawn from the psalms, from the opening sentences in the Offices or from scriptural passages—are used with the psalms or canticles.
There is Morning and Evening Prayer, in traditional and modern English, along with a Midday Office and Compline. The structure of these Offices is antiphon and psalmody; Old and New Testament lessons, each followed by a canticle; Apostles Creed; Lord's Prayer, Preces, and collects. The Litany, in traditional English, echoes the Great Litany, with some additional petitions to the Virgin Mary and the Saints.
The Proper of the Mass includes the appointed Introit, Collect, Gradual, Alleluia or Tract, Offertory, and Communion. The Epistle and Gospel readings for Sunday are to be taken from the Revised Roman Missal. There are optional rubrics before each rite.
The Ordinary of the Mass is very much the same as in the Roman Rite and the 1979 Book of Common Prayer, with the Kyrie eleison, Gloria in excelsis, Credo, Sanctus - Benedictus, and Agnus Dei. The Canon used is the Eucharistic Prayer I from the present Latin Rite Mass.
- Pastoral Provision
- Personal Ordinariate
- Anglican Use
- Daily Office
- Book of Common Prayer
- Roman Missal
- Anglican chant