Buildings in downtown Boonville
Location of Boonville, Missouri
U.S. Census Map
|• Mayor||Julie Thacher|
|• Total||7.21 sq mi (18.67 km2)|
|• Land||6.89 sq mi (17.85 km2)|
|• Water||0.32 sq mi (0.83 km2)|
|Elevation||666 ft (203 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||8,462|
|• Density||1,200/sq mi (450/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC−6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC−5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0714540|
Boonville is a city in Cooper County, Missouri, USA. The population was 8,319 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Cooper County. The city was the site of a skirmish early in the American Civil War on July 17, 1861. Union forces defeated a small and poorly equipped force of the Missouri State Guard in the first Battle of Boonville.
The community derives its name from Nathan and Daniel Morgan Boone, who were the sons of Daniel Boone and established their salt business near the community in the early 1800s by delivering the salt from salt licks to St. Louis. The area has been called "Boone's Lick" and the route from the lick to St. Charles/St. Louis, Missouri is called the Boone's Lick Trail. The eastern terminus near Boonville at Franklin, Missouri is considered the original start of the Santa Fe Trail.
The first pioneers were Hannah and Stephen Cole, who settled in 1810. During skirmishes with Native Americans in the War of 1812 they moved to a fort on the north side of the Missouri River (called on markers as "Hannah Cole Fort"). That fort subsequently became the first county seat of Howard County, Missouri.
The community's position on the Santa Fe Trail and Missouri River led to many historic residents of the era living there during the westward expansion including George Graham Vest, David Barton, William Ash and George Caleb Bingham.
The Cooper County Jail was built in 1848 and remained in place until 1979 with a claim that it was the longest-serving jail in Missouri history.
More than 400 buildings (most in 14 separate historical districts) are listed on National Register of Historic Places listings in Cooper County, Missouri.
During the American Civil War, the community was fought over and held by both sides including in the Battle of Boonville on June 17, 1861, a month before the First Battle of Bull Run which gave the Union control of the Missouri River; and 2nd Battle of Boonville on September 13, 1861; and its capture by Sterling Price in 1864 in Price's Raid.
The city was a strategic target because of its location on the Missouri Pacific Railroad. The track was subsequently taken over by the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad. In the 1980s, the track section that traversed the town was converted to parkland, as part of Katy Trail State Park. Today, the "Katy Trail" is the longest rails to trails system in the United States.
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,319 people, 2,918 households, and 1,787 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,207.4 inhabitants per square mile (466.2/km2). There were 3,294 housing units at an average density of 478.1 per square mile (184.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.1% White, 13.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.
There were 2,918 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.8% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94.
The median age in the city was 34.6 years. 20.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.9% were from 25 to 44; 23.4% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 55.2% male and 44.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,202 people, 2,667 households, and 1,696 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,190.8 people per square mile (459.6/km²). There were 3,041 housing units at an average density of 441.5 per square mile (170.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.22% White, 16.84% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.23% of the population.
There were 2,667 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female house holder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 19.6% under the age of 18, 20.8% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 16.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 138.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 146.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,440, and the median income for a family was $40,294. Males had a median income of $28,498 versus $20,739 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,854. About 9.5% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
Boonville is near the middle of the Katy Trail, a 225-mile state park enjoyed by cyclists and hikers. Katy Trail Bridge in Boonville, which crosses the Missouri near the Isle of Capri Casino and Historic Selwyn Shoe Factory (which has been refurnished as apartments), has been subject of controversy. The railroad would like the bridge to be taken down so the metal can be melted and reused. However, Friends of Historic Boonville and others across the state oppose the idea.
Annually, Boonville celebrates Boonville Heritage Days. This is a summer weekend event that focuses on heritage. Activities include a parade, craft booths, a carnival and much fun for people of all ages. On the last evening there is a fireworks show.
Other annual events include the Festival of the Leaves, which is held on the last Saturday in September, and The Festival of The Lights, which is held every Thursday night in September. Shops stay open late, and there are booths with food, free stuff, and games. The historic Thespian Hall, located downtown, is used for concerts, art shows, and plays.
The annual Halloween parade features the award-winning Boonville Silver Pirate Band dressed up in a variety of costumes.
Twillman Field in Harley Park is also a source of some pride, as it hosts several baseball tournaments every year, including state and regional championships, with ages ranging from 13 to 18. At one time in the late 1980s through 1990s, it was considered by some to be the 3rd best baseball field in the state, trailing only the Major League parks in St. Louis and Kansas City.
Government and infrastructure
The Missouri Training School for Boys, a juvenile correctional facility of the Missouri Division of Youth Services, opened in 1889. By 1948 violent prisoners had killed two boys. As a result, Governor of Missouri Phil M. Donnelly removed 71 prisoners from the training school and relocated them to an adult prison. He dismissed the board of the State Board for Training Schools, the juvenile correctional authority. It closed in 1983.
The Boonville R-1 School District has four schools. Hannah Cole Elementary, David Barton Elementary, Laura Speed Elliott (LSE) Middle School, and Boonville High School are all located in Boonville. The superintendent of schools is Dr. Mark Ficken and the school mascot is the Pirates.
- George Ainslie, Congressional delegate from Idaho Territory.
- Nathaniel Albertson, U.S. Congressman from Indiana.
- Henry S. Benedict, U.S. Congressman from California.
- Bill Corum, New York sportswriter and sportscaster and Churchill Downs racetrack president, attended school in Boonville.
- John Cosgrove, U.S. Congressman from Missouri.
- Colonel Arthur M. Hitch, Superintendent of Kemper Military School, 1928–1948.
- Colonel Thomas A. Johnston, Builder of Kemper Military School, Superintendent and President from 1881 to 1928.
- Frederick T. Kemper, founder of school later known as Kemper Military School
- Carl Lachmund, classical pianist
- Julia Lee, blues singer and pianist
- Bob and Bill Meistrell, inventors of the Body Glove
- John Gaines Miller, U.S. Congressman from Missouri.
- Henry L. Myers, U.S. Senator from Montana
- Theron Moses Rice, U.S. Congressman from Missouri.
- Joseph Franklin Rutherford (Founder of Jehovah's Witnesses and 2nd President of the Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society) Other references list his birthplace as Versailles, Missouri.
- Lon Vest Stephens, Governor of Missouri and State Treasurer
- Minus Story (band)
- George Graham Vest, U.S. Senator from Missouri
- Sara Evans (Country singer)
- Walter Williams, founder of the Missouri School of Journalism and former president of the University of Missouri.
- Robert Patterson Clark Wilson, U.S. Congressman from Missouri.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- April 5, 2013. "Boone's Lick State Historic Site | Missouri State Parks". Mostateparks.com. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
- Efforts under way to make Boone's Lick a national historical trail : News
- Hannah Cole's Fort Marker
- Earngey, Bill (1995). Missouri Roadsides: The Traveler's Companion. University of Missouri Press. p. 22.
- "Boonville History". Mo-river.net. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
- "Landmarks: Thespian Hall". Friends of Historic Boonville. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Annual Report Fiscal Year 2014" (Archive). Missouri Division of Youth Services. Retrieved on December 19, 2015. p. 32.
- "Annual Report Fiscal Year 2014" (Archive). Missouri Division of Youth Services. Retrieved on December 19, 2015. p. 34.
- Chawkins, Steve (17 June 2013). "Bob Meistrell dies at 84; co-founder of surfwear firm Body Glove". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Official Boonville site
- Boonville Area Chamber of Commerce
- Boonville Historical Society
- Boonville High School website
- Boonville R-1 School District
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Boonville". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Historic maps of Boonville in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri