Boot Camp (software)
Boot Camp 5.1.2 running on Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite
|Initial release||April 5, 2006|
6.1.0 / August 10, 2016
|Type||Software assistant for dual booting|
Boot Camp Assistant is a multi boot utility included with Apple Inc.'s macOS (previously OS X) that assists users in installing Microsoft Windows operating systems on Intel-based Macintosh computers. The utility guides users through non-destructive disk partitioning (including resizing of an existing HFS+ partition, if necessary) of their hard disk drive or solid state drive and installation of Windows device drivers for the Apple hardware. The utility also installs a Windows Control Panel applet for selecting the boot operating system.
Initially introduced as an unsupported beta for Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger, the utility was first introduced with Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard and has been included in subsequent versions of the operating system ever since. Previous versions of Boot Camp supported Windows XP, and Windows Vista. Boot Camp 4.0 for Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard up to Mac OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion version 10.8.2 only supported Windows 7. However, with the release of Boot Camp 5.0 for Mac OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion in version 10.8.3, only 64-bit versions of Windows 7 and Windows 8 are officially supported.
Boot Camp 6.0 added support for Windows 10. Boot Camp 6.1, available on macOS 10.12 Sierra and later, will only accept new installations of Windows 7 and later; this requirement was upgraded to requiring Windows 10 for macOS 10.14 Mojave.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Requirements
- 3 Limitations
- 4 Boot Camp version history
- 5 Boot Camp support software (for Windows) version history
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (January 2019)
Setting up Windows 10 on a Mac requires a USB flash drive and the ISO image of Windows 10 provided by Microsoft. Boot Camp reformats the flash drive as a Mac bootable install disk, and combines Windows 10 with install scripts to load hardware drivers for the targeted Mac computer.
Boot Camp currently supports Windows 10 on a range of Macs dated mid-2012 or newer. 
By default, Mac will always boot from the last-used startup disk. Holding down the option key (⌥) at startup brings up the boot manager, which allows the user to choose which operating system to start the device in. When using a non-Apple keyboard, the alt key usually performs the same action. The boot manager can also be launched by holding down the “menu” button on the Apple Remote at startup.
Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and Mac OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion
- 8 GB USB storage device, or external drive formatted as MS-DOS (FAT) for installation of Windows drivers for Mac hardware
- 20 GB free hard disk space for a first-time installation or 40 GB for an upgrade from a previous version of Windows
- A full version of one of the following operating systems:
- Windows 7 Home Premium, Professional, or Ultimate (64-bit editions only)
- Windows 8 and Windows 8 Professional (64-bit editions only)
- Windows 10 Home, Pro, Pro for Workstation, Education or Enterprise (64-bit editions only)
Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard and Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard
- An Intel-based Macintosh computer with the latest firmware (Early Intel-based Macintosh computers require an EFI firmware update for BIOS compatibility).
- A Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard or Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard installation disc or Mac OS X Disc 1 included with Macs that have Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard or Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard preinstalled; this disc is needed for installation of Windows drivers for Mac hardware
- 10 GB free hard disk space (16 GB is recommended for Windows 7)
- A full version of one of the following operating systems:
- Windows XP Home Edition or Windows XP Professional Edition with Service Pack 2 or higher (32-bit editions only)
- Windows Vista Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, Enterprise or Ultimate (32-bit and 64-bit editions)
- Windows 7 Home Premium, Professional, Enterprise or Ultimate (32-bit and 64-bit editions)
Supported Macintosh computers with Windows 8
Officially, the earliest Macintosh models that support Windows 8 are the mid-2011 MacBook Air, 13-inch-mid-2011 or 15 and 17-inch-mid-2010 MacBook Pro, mid-2011 Mac Mini, 21-inch-mid-2011 or 27-inch-mid-2010 iMac, and early 2009 Mac Pro. By running the Boot Camp assistant with a compatible version of Microsoft Windows setup disc in the drive and switching to a Windows 8 disc when Mac OS X reboots the machine to begin installing Windows, Windows 8 can be installed on older unsupported hardware.
- Boot Camp will only help the user partition their disk if they currently have only a primary HFS partition, an EFI System Partition, and a Mac OS X Recovery Partition. Thus, for example, it is not possible to maintain an additional storage partition. A workaround has been discovered that involves interrupting the standard procedure after creating the Boot Camp partition, resizing the primary Mac OS X partition and creating a third partition in the now available space, then continuing with the Windows install. Changes to the partition table after Windows is installed are officially unsupported, but can be achieved with the help of third party software.
- Boot Camp does not help users install Linux, and does not provide drivers for it. Most methods for dual-booting with Linux on Mac rely on manual disk partitioning, and the use of an EFI boot manager such as rEFInd.
- Despite Macs transitioning to Thunderbolt 3 in 2016, Boot Camp does not currently support running Windows with a Thunderbolt 3-powered External GPU (eGPU) unit under macOS High Sierra, macOS Mojave or macOS Catalina. Apple has not publicly commented on why this limitation is in place.
Boot Camp version history
|April 5, 2006|
|August 26, 2006||
|September 14, 2006||
|October 30, 2006||
|March 28, 2007||
|June 7, 2007||
|August 8, 2007||
|2.0||October 26, 2007||
|2.1||April 24, 2008||
|2.2||November 19, 2009|
|3.0||August 28, 2009||
|3.1||January 19, 2010||
|3.2||November 18, 2010|
|3.3||August 24, 2011||
|4.0||July 20, 2012||
|5.0||March 14, 2013||
|5.1||February 11, 2014||
|5.1.2||October 16, 2014|
|6.0||August 13, 2015||
|6.1||September 20, 2016||
Boot Camp support software (for Windows) version history
|5.1.5621||Feb 11, 2014||
|5.1.5640||Feb 11, 2014||
|5.1.5722||Aug 12, 2015||
|5.1.5769||Aug 12, 2015||
|6.1.6655||Sep 25, 2017||
- Broersma, Matthew (April 13, 2006). "Users Find Flaw in Boot Camp". PC World. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
- Mossberg, Walter (April 6, 2006). "Boot Camp Turns Your Mac Into a Reliable Windows PC". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
- Kessler, Topher (August 1, 2011). "Boot Camp 4 requires Windows 7 or later". CNET. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- "Boot Camp 5: Frequently asked questions". Apple Inc. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- "Apple BootCamp 5.0 only supports 64-bit versions of Windows 7 and 8". BetaNews. March 15, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- "Use Windows 10 on your Mac with Boot Camp". Apple Support. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- "You need BIOS compatibility and a MBR partition table to boot Windows". rEFIt project. December 9, 2006. Retrieved July 19, 2009.
- "EFI and Windows on Option Boot Screen". Twocanoes. December 4, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- "Boot Camp: System requirements for Microsoft Windows". Apple Inc. January 19, 2010. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- "Boot Camp 2.0: Which versions of Microsoft Windows are supported?". Apple Inc. June 17, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2008.
- "Boot Camp: Macs that work with 64-bit editions of Microsoft Windows Vista". Apple Inc. December 21, 2010. Retrieved January 28, 2011.
- "Boot Camp: System requirements for Microsoft Windows operating systems". Apple Inc. March 14, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- "Boot Camp: Frequently asked questions about installing Windows 8". Apple Inc. March 14, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- "Set up a Windows partition on your Mac".
- "Successful setup of OS X Lion + Data Partition ... - Apple Support Communities".
- "how to resize my bootcamp partition without del... - Apple Support Communities".
- "How to Install and Dual Boot Linux on a Mac".
- Apple Inc. (March 16, 2011). "Boot Camp 3.0, Mac OS X 10.6: Frequently asked questions". Apple Inc. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
- "Boot Camp Software Update 3.3 for Windows".
- Keizer, Gregg (August 2, 2011). "OS X Lion requires Windows 7 for Boot Camp". Computerworld. Retrieved August 2, 2011.
|Wikinews has related news: Apple unveils "Boot Camp" allowing Windows to work on Macs|