Bopomofo (Unicode block)

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(48 code points)
Major alphabetsPhonetic Chinese
Assigned43 code points
Unused5 reserved code points
Source standardsGB 2312
Unicode version history
1.0.040 (+40)
5.141 (+1)
10.042 (+1)
11.043 (+1)
Note: [1][2]

Bopomofo is a Unicode block containing phonetic characters for Chinese. The original set of 40 Bopomofo characters is based on the Chinese standard GB 2312. Additional Bopomofo characters can be found in the Bopomofo Extended block.


Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
1.^ As of Unicode version 11.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Bopomofo block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
1.0.0 U+3105..312C 40 (to be determined)
5.1 U+312D 1 L2/06-338 N3179 Everson, Michael; Ho, H. W.; West, Andrew (2006-10-19), Proposal to encode one Bopomofo character in the UCS
L2/07-215 N3246 Proposal to encode two Bopomofo characters in UCS, 2007-04-20
L2/07-268 N3253 Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2007-07-26), "8.2", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 50, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany; 2007-04-24/27
10.0 U+312E 1 L2/15-284 N4695 West, Andrew; Hai, Liang (2015-10-22), Discussion of 2CEF1
11.0 U+312F 1 L2/16-106 N4717 West, Andrew (2016-04-21), Proposal to encode one Bopomofo letter
L2/16-121 Moore, Lisa (2016-05-20), "C.16", UTC #147 Minutes
N4756 TCA Feedback on JTC1/SC2/WG2 N4717, 2016-09-22
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.