Boquila

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Boquila
Boquila trifoliata.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Lardizabalaceae
Genus: Boquila
Decne.
Species: B. trifoliolata
Binomial name
Boquila trifoliolata
(DC.) Decne.
Synonyms[1]
  • Boquila discolor (Kunze ex Poepp. & Endl.) Decne.
  • Dolichos funarius Molina
  • Lardizabala funaria (Molina) Looser
  • Lardizabala trifoliolata DC.

Boquila is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the family Lardizabalaceae,[2] native to temperate forests of central and southern Chile and Argentina. The sole species is Boquila trifoliolata (DC.) Decne., known as Pilpil, Voqui, Voquicillo, Voquillo, Voqui blanco in Chile. It bears an edible fruit (Boquila berries).

This species has been shown to be capable of mimicking the leaves of its supporting trees.[3]

Ernesto Gianoli said "Boquila’s leaves are extraordinarily diverse. The biggest ones can be 10 times bigger than the smallest, and they can vary from very light to very dark. In around three-quarters of cases, they’re similar to the closest leaf from another tree, matching it in size, area, length of stalk, angle, and color. Boquila’s leaves can even grow a spiny tip when, and only when, it climbs onto a shrub with spine-tipped leaves."[4]

The Boquila leaves, unlike other plants capable of mimicry, does not require physical contact to match its host.[5]

See also[edit]

  • Lardizabala, a related species also grown for its fruit

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ SB Hoot, A Culham, PR Crane, 1995. The utility of atpB gene sequences in resolving phylogenetic relationships: comparison with rbcL and 18S ribosomal DNA sequences in the Lardizabalaceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 194-207
  3. ^ Gianoli, E.; Carrasco-Urra, F. "Leaf Mimicry in a Climbing Plant Protects against Herbivory". Current Biology. 24 (9): 984–987. PMID 24768053. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.03.010. 
  4. ^ Ed Yong (24 April 2014). "The Most Versatile Impressionist In the Forest". National Geographic. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  5. ^ Ed Yong (24 April 2014). "The Most Versatile Impressionist In the Forest". National Geographic. Retrieved 21 March 2017.