Bor, Serbia

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Bor
Бор
Town and municipality
Bor
Bor
Flag of Bor
Flag
Coat of arms of Bor
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Bor within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Bor within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°05′N 22°06′E / 44.083°N 22.100°E / 44.083; 22.100Coordinates: 44°05′N 22°06′E / 44.083°N 22.100°E / 44.083; 22.100
Country  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
District Bor
Settlements 14
Government
 • Mayor Aleksandar Milikić (SNS)
Area[1]
 • Municipality 856 km2 (331 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 34,160
 • Municipality 48,615
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 19210
Area code +381 30
Car plates BO
Website www.opstinabor.rs

Bor (Serbian Cyrillic: Бор) is a town, municipality and the administrative center of the Bor District in eastern Serbia. It has one of the largest European copper mines - RTB Bor. It has been a mining center since 1904, when a French company began operations there.[3] It is the administrative center of the Bor District of Serbia. The population of the town is 34,160, while municipality has 48,615.

Name[edit]

The name is derived from the Serbian word Bor (Бор), meaning "pine".[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Bor is surrounded by many beautiful places such as Banjsko Polje, the spa-town Brestovačka Banja, the lake Borsko Jezero, and the mountain Stol, and it is very close to the mountain Crni Vrh.

History[edit]

Neolithic Bubanj-Salkuca culture ceramics and anthropomorphic-zoomorphic figurines were found in Krivelj.[4]

In 1903 the mine of Bor was opened which was important moment for the development of Bor. The poet Miklós Radnóti wrote here some of the most beautiful poems ever written in Hungarian during his forced labour (1944) in the copper mines.[5]

During World War II, the copper mines were under German rule, and an internment and labor camp was established at the site. During the period, roughly 6,000 people were imprisoned at the camp and worked at the copper mines. The prisoners were mostly of Jewish descent, as well as Sabbatarians and Jehovah's Witnesses. Later on, shortly before World War II ended, the mines were evacuated, with most of the prisoners executed.[6]

In 1947 Bor officially had a town status - at the time its population was 11,000.

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Bor, the municipality includes the following settlements:[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1948 34,831 —    
1953 38,688 +11.1%
1961 43,448 +12.3%
1971 52,849 +21.6%
1981 56,486 +6.9%
1991 59,900 +6.0%
2002 55,817 −6.8%
2011 48,615 −12.9%
Source: [8]

According to the 2011 census, the population of the Bor municipality numbered 48,615 residents, while the city had 34,160 residents. The number of residents has dropped over the years since air pollution by RTB Bor has caused many people to leave the town.[citation needed]

Ethnic groups[edit]

With the total of 32 different ethnics being represented among the population, Bor is one of the most ethnically mixed cities in Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the settlements in the Bor municipality with Serb ethnic majority were: Bor, Brestovac, Donja Bela Reka, and Oštrelj. The settlements with Vlach ethnic majority were: Bučje, Gornjane, Krivelj, Luka, Metovnica, Tanda, Topla, and Šarbanovac. Ethnically mixed settlements were: Zlot (relative Serb majority) and Slatina (relative Vlach majority).

Ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group 2002 census 2011 census
Serbs 39,989 35,435
Vlachs 10,064 6,701
Roma 1,259 1,758
Macedonians 540 429
Romanians 107 293
Albanians 115 113
Others 3,743 3,886
Total 55,817 48,615

Economy[edit]

Copper mining, mainly of the biggest employer RTB Bor, is the key basis of the Bor's economy.

In 2011, the average gross monthly wage in the city of Bor was US$730 (540, 54649 RSD, 944 NZD) - As of August 2011 [9] This average monthly wage is set to receive a large increase as soon as the modernizing of RTB Bor begins (including the flow-on effects, i.e. Further business investment in the city, etc.)

Culture and society[edit]

Education[edit]

Technical Faculty of Bor[10][11] is a faculty of the University of Belgrade, with tradition dating back to 1961. The Faculty was accredited as a scientific-research organisation in the area of technical-technological science in 2007. So far 1804 students graduated at this faculty, in addition to 18 students that completed specialist studies, 122 master studies and 70 students that defended doctoral theses.

Sports[edit]

Tennis Academy Viktor Troicki

On 16 December 2010, it was officially announced that from 2011 in this city will start Troicki's Tennis Academy, which will carry his name "Viktor Troicki". The Academy will cover 12,000 square meters, close to five-stars hotel "Jezero". Troicki said that he will use every free moment to stay in Bor, especially to spend time in his academy.

Sport Center

Sport Center Bor (Serbian: Спортски центар Бор/Sportski centar Bor) is an indoor sporting arena. The capacity of the arena is 3,000 people for seating, and 4,000 with the ground.[12] It is currently home to the KK Bor basketball team.

Under the auspices of the Public Utility "Sportski Centar Bor" is the Bor Airport, with paved runway, used only for sporting events.[13]

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2010 local elections[14]:

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Bor is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ "Bor (Serbia) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  4. ^ "[Projekat Rastko] Nikola Tasic: Eneolitske kulture centralnog i zapadnog Balkana". Rastko.rs. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  5. ^ Ozsváth, Zsuzsanna (2000). In the footsteps of Orpheus: the life and times of Miklós Radnóti. Indiana University Press. pp. 202–203. ISBN 978-0-253-33801-3. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  6. ^ "Labour Service". degob.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-05-08. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  9. ^ Average salaries and wages paid in August 2011[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Technical Faculty of Bor History (English)". 
  11. ^ "Technical Faculty of Bor". 
  12. ^ "Ustanova Sportski Centar Bor". EKapija Business Portal. 
  13. ^ D. Stojanović (2010-07-19). "Aerodrom u Boru bez struje i vode". Blic. 
  14. ^ [2]

Sources[edit]

  • "Бор". Гласник Етнографског музеја, књ. 38. 1975. 

External links[edit]