Location of the city of Bor within Serbia
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|City status||June 2018|
|• Mayor||Aleksandar Milikić (SNS)|
|• Urban||47.62 km2 (18.39 sq mi)|
|• Administrative||856 km2 (331 sq mi)|
|Elevation||381 m (1,250 ft)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Urban density||720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|• Administrative density||57/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 30|
Bor (Serbian Cyrillic: Бор) is a city and the administrative center of the Bor District in eastern Serbia. As of 2011, the city urban area has 34,160 inhabitants, while the administrative area has 48,615 inhabitants.
|Climate data for Bor|
|Average high °C (°F)||2.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−1.0
|Average low °C (°F)||−4.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||44
|Source: Climate-Data.org |
In 1903 the mine of Bor was opened which was important moment for the development of Bor.
On 27 March 1941, Nazi Germany leader Hitler ordered the attack on Yugoslavia. The Führer’s directive No. 25 mentioned that the possession of Bor's copper mines is very important for military purposes. In 1943, Hungarian-Jewish forced laborers were imprisoned nearby the mines which should be covered 50 percent of the copper requirement of the German war industry. In the period from July 1943 to September 1944, at least 6,000 people were imprisoned.
In September 1944, the evacuation of the forced labor camp started. On 17 September, a column of about 3,600 prisoners left the camp under supreme command by guards of the Hungarian military which were about 100 strong and supported by Kapos. The prisoners were pushed to a pontoon bridge close to Smederovo and then via Pančevo to Baja. From Pančevo to Titel, the Hungarian guards were supported by paramilitary operation echelon Hermann Göring of regional Danube Swabians. In Titel, the authority was returned to Hungarian military. A part of the column had to march to Baja, where they were then transported by train to concentration camps in Flossenbürg, Sachsenhausen and Oranienburg. The other part was used to build the south-east wall.
During the forced march on the way to Smederovo there were several attacks by Yugoslav partisans on the guards. Meanwhile, some prisoners were able to flee to the partisans and thus find life-saving protection. Throughout the route, prisoners were fed food from a majority of Serbian people on every possible occasion. According to surviving eyewitnesses, the responsible Hungarian captain decided that settlements of settlements mostly populated by Germans are to be covered during the night after crossing the Danube.
On 19 September, a second column of about 2,500 prisoners with Kapo guards left the camp under the command of units of SS-Polizei-Gebirgsjäger-Regiment Nr. 18. The prisoners were pushed via Belgrade to Pančevo and then across territory of Autonomous Banat and Hungarian territory to the west. From Pančevo to Titel, the column was under supreme command of paramilitary operation echelon of regional Danube Swabians. In Titel, the authority was returned to Hungarian military. A part of the column had to march to Baja, where they were then transported by train to concentration camps in Bergen-Belsen and Buchenwald. The other part was used to build the south-east wall. Among the surviving inmates were people like László Lindner, Gyula Trebitsch and the father of Ákos Kertész. Among the killed prisoners is Miklós Radnóti.
In 1947, Bor received the town status by charta of political authorities. At the time its population was 11,000.
Aside from the city proper area, the city includes the following settlements:
According to the 1910, 1931 and 1971 censuses, the inhabitants of urban area of Bor numbered 2,613 in 1910, 4,749 in 1931 and 29,118 residents in 1971. According to the 2011 census, the population of the Bor numbered 48,615 residents, while the urban area of Bor had 34,160 residents.
With the total of 32 different ethnics being represented among the population, Bor is one of the most ethnically mixed cities in Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the settlements in the city of Bor with Serb ethnic majority were: Bor, Brestovac, Donja Bela Reka, and Oštrelj. The settlements with Vlach ethnic majority were: Bučje, Gornjane, Krivelj, Luka, Metovnica, Tanda, Topla, and Šarbanovac. Ethnically mixed settlements were: Zlot (relative Serb majority) and Slatina (relative Vlach majority).
The ethnic composition of the city:
|Ethnic group||2002 census||2011 census|
Ethnic groups in Bor: Serbs, Vlachs, Roma, Macedonians, Romanians, Albanians, Bosniaks, Bulgarians, Gorani, Bunjevci, Yugoslavs, Montenegrins, Croatians, Slovenians, Hungarians, Muslims, Germans, Greeks, Slovaks, Russians, Rusyns, Chinese, Ukrainians, Italians, Turks, Ashkali, Czechs, Poles, Jews, Canadians, Belarusians.
Copper mining, mainly of the biggest employer RTB Bor, is the key basis of the Bor's economy.
In 2011, the average gross monthly wage in the city of Bor was US$730 (€540, 54649 RSD, 944 NZD) - As of August 2011  This average monthly wage is set to receive a large increase as soon as the modernizing of RTB Bor begins (including the flow-on effects, i.e. Further business investment in the city, etc.)
The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||69|
|Distribution of power, gas and water||288|
|Distribution of water and water waste management||340|
|Wholesale and retail, repair||1,430|
|Traffic, storage and communication||594|
|Hotels and restaurants||275|
|Media and telecommunications||133|
|Finance and insurance||160|
|Property stock and charter||24|
|Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities||398|
|Administrative and other services||330|
|Administration and social assurance||758|
|Healthcare and social work||1,060|
|Art, leisure and recreation||254|
Culture and society
Technical Faculty of Bor is a faculty of the University of Belgrade, with tradition dating back to 1961. The Faculty was accredited as a scientific-research organisation in the area of technical-technological science in 2007. So far 1804 students graduated at this faculty, in addition to 18 students that completed specialist studies, 122 master studies and 70 students that defended doctoral theses.
Sport Center Bor (Serbian: Спортски центар Бор/Sportski centar Bor) is an indoor sporting arena. The capacity of the arena is 3,000 people for seating, and 4,500 with the ground. It is currently home to the KK Bor basketball team.
Seats in the municipal parliament won in the 2018 local elections:
- Zato sto volimo Bor (Because we love Bor) - SNS, SPS (24) 58,52 %
- Mi ili oni - Ujedinjeni za Bor (We or they - United for Bor) - DS, People's Party, VNS, Together for Serbia, SDS, PSG, DSS (7) 16,48 %
- Enough is Enough - Dveri (3) 8,17
- Vlach's party "Most" (1) 4,01 %
- Đorđe Vajfert (1850–1937), first owner of mines and donator of Saint George's Church
- Samu Borovszky (1860–1912), historian and editor-in-chief of works on the counties of the Kingdom of Hungary; his surname can be translated as The Boronnese (people from Bor)
Twin Towns and Sister Cities
Bor is twinned with:
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- Average salaries and wages paid in August 2011[permanent dead link]
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- "Бор". Гласник Етнографског музеја, књ. 38. 1975.
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