Bor District (South Sudan)

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Bor District
Bor
District
Country South Sudan
state Jonglei
Capital Bor

Bor-Duk District is a former administrative district located in what is now Jonglei State, South Sudan.[1] The district headquarters was Bor. Until 1906, the Bor-Duk District was part of the Upper Nile Province under the colonial Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Government and encompassed all Dinka-speaking communities living on the east side of the Bahr al Jabal River.[1] In 1906 the Bor-Duk District was shifted to Mongalla Province, which had been created from the southern districts of the Upper Nile Province.[2] In 1909-1910, colonial officials began forcibly resettling people along the northern border of the Bor-Duk district, with the aim of separating Nuer and Dinka communities, who had formerly lived together.[2] The Bor-Duk district was later redesignated "Bor County," divided into two in August 2001, and then divided into three counties in 2003: Duk County, Twic East County, and Bor County.[3] The phrase "Greater Bor" refers to the entirety of the former Bor-Duk District, from Cuei-keer in Kolnyang, to the south, to Cuei-thon in the former Duk County, to the north.[4]

Bor County was composed of two broad divisions of Dinka society in the vicinity of Bor, Bor Athooc and Bor Gok,[5] and bordered by Twic County, to the north, and Central and Eastern Equatoria States, to the south.[6] In 2016 Bor County was sub-divided into Bor Town Payam and five counties, each containing a single payam. These division were Bor South County (Kolnyang payam), Bor East County (Anyidi Payam), Bor Central county (Makuach Payam), Bor West County (Baidit Payam), and Bor North County (Jalle Payam).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Willis, Charles Armine (1995). Johnson, Douglas H., ed. The Upper Nile Province handbook: a report on peoples and government in the Southern Sudan, 1931. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0197261469. 
  2. ^ a b Johnson, Douglas H. (1982). "Tribal Boundaries and Border Wars: Nuer–Dinka Relations in the Sobat and Zaraf Valleys, c. 1860–1976". The Journal of African History. 23 (2). doi:10.1017/S0021853700020521. 
  3. ^ Simon Harragin (2012). Background Paper for Bor, Twic, Ghol and Nyaraweng Dinka (Report). Jonglei State – Strengthening Conflict Mitigation & Peace-Building – Nairobi Conference 19–21 March 2012. p. 3. 
  4. ^ Tuttle, Brendan R. (2014). Life is Prickly. Narrating history, belonging, and common place in Bor, South Sudan (PhD Dissertation). Temple University. 
  5. ^ Lienhardt, Godfrey (1961). Divinity and Experience : The Religion of the Dinka: The Religion of the Dinka. Oxford University Press. p. 8. 
  6. ^ Winrock International & United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (2011). Annex IV BRIDGE Winrock Q1 Report FY 2012 – Bor County Profile (PDF) (Report). USAID. 
  7. ^ Mading, Juuk Othana (3 May 2016). "Governor Establishes Additional Counties In Jonglei". Gurtong. Bor, South Sudan. Retrieved 12 June 2017.