Borax Lake Site

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Borax Lake Site
Borax Lake, California.jpg
Borax Lake, a Clovis culture archaeological site
Nearest city Clearlake, California
NRHP Reference # 91001424
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 3, 1991[1]
Designated NHL September 20, 2006[2]

Borax Lake Site, also known as Borax Lake—Hodges Archaeological Site, is an archaeological site near Clearlake, California. A portion of the site is owned and preserved by the Archaeological Conservancy.

In 2006, a National Park Service statement about it read:

The Borax Lake Site is considered of national significance as the type site for a major prehistoric period in the far western United States, the Paleo-Indian (Clovis), referred to in archeological literature of the Western Great Basin and California as the Post Pattern. The occurrence of Clovis-like projectile points from Borax Lake in the Coast Range of northern California dramatically extended the geographic scope of Paleo-Indian occupation into the far western United States. Archeological investigations at the Borax Lake Site demonstrated that Paleo-Indian occupation of the Far West (Western Great Basin and California) represents a specialized lake shore dwelling adaptation”by this group, which was significant because it represented a unique response to an environment that had been unfamiliar to Paleo-Indians. This adaptation is referred to as the Western Pluvial Lakes Tradition and differs from the large mammal hunting traditions of the southwestern United States and Great Plains.[2]

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 2006.[2][3]


  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b c "Borax Lake Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  3. ^ Note: A National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination document should be available upon request from the National Park Service for this site, but it appears not to be available on-line from the NPS Focus search site.

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