Further consolidation of different Turkic speaking ethnic groups (commonly known as Caucasian Tatars) led to the formation of the Azerbaijani community. Today part of the area populated by ethnic Azerbaijanis in Kvemo Kartli region is formally called Borchali.
¹ Italics indicates renamed or abolished governorates, oblasts, etc on 1 January 1914. ² An asterisk (*) indicates governorates formed or created with renaming after 1 January 1914. ³ Ostsee or Baltic general-governorship was abolished in 1876.
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