Borchaly Uyezd

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Borchaly Uyezd

Борчалинский уезд
Coat of arms of Borchaly Uyezd
Coat of arms
Tiflis Governorate Borchalinsky uezd.svg
CountryRussia
Political statusUyezd
RegionCaucasus
Established1880
Abolished1918
Area
 • Total6,758 km2 (2,609 sq mi)
Population
(1897)
 • Total128,587
 • Density19/km2 (49/sq mi)

The Borchaly Uyezd (Russian: Борчалинский уезд) was a county of the Tiflis Governorate of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire and then of Democratic Republic of Georgia with its administrative center in Shulaveri. It is part of the Georgia's present day region of Kvemo Kartli.

History[edit]

Borchaliy Mafrash (bedding bag) textile, late 19th century

The term "Borchaly" derives from Turcoman tribes that were resettled by Shah Abbas I (c.1571-1629) along Debeda valley, after his successful campaigns against kingdoms of Kartli and Kakheti, that led formation several Qizilbash khanates on Georgian territory. Region was liberated by kingdom of Kartli in 18th century, the latter was incorporated to Kartli-Kakheti monarchy in 1762. In 1801, through Russia's annexation of eastern Georgia it became part of Russia's Tiflis Governorate. The border disputes between the newly-independent Democratic Republic of Georgia and the First Republic of Armenia, over a part of Borchaly district led to a brief war between the two countries in December 1918.

Demography[edit]

According to census held in 1897, the population of uyezd was 128,587. The ethnic makeup of the district was the following:[1][2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Further consolidation of different Turkic speaking ethnic groups (commonly known as Caucasian Tatars) led to the formation of the Azerbaijani community.[3]"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-29. Retrieved 2011-09-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  2. ^ Борчалинский уезд (in Russian)
  3. ^ The Ancient Orient. Transcaucasia in the 11th–15th centuries by Lev Gumilev

Coordinates: 41°20′38″N 44°45′30″E / 41.34389°N 44.75833°E / 41.34389; 44.75833