Borchaly Uyezd

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Borchaly Uyezd (in English)
  • Борчалинский уезд (Modern Russian)
Tiflis Governorate Borchalinsky uezd.svg
Coat of Arms of Tiflis governorate (Russian empire).png
Coat of Arms
Established 1880
Abolished 1918
Political status Uyezd
Region Caucasus
Area 5,938 verst²
Population (1897 census)
 • Total 128587
 • Density 21.7 inhab. / verst²
Government

The Borchaly Uyezd (Russian: Борчалинский уезд) was a county of the Tiflis Governorate of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire and then of Democratic Republic of Georgia with its administrative center in Shulaveri. It is part of the Georgia's present day region of Kvemo Kartli.

History[edit]

Borchaliu Mafrash (bedding bag) textile, late 19th century

The term "Borchali" derives from Turcoman tribes that were resettled by Shah Abbas I (c.1571-1629) along Debeda valley, after his successful campaigns against kingdoms of Kartli and Kakheti, that led formation several Qizilbash khanates on Georgian territory. Region was liberated by Kartli in 18th century, the latter led unification of Kartli-Kakheti monarchy. In 1801, through Russia's annexation of Georgia it became part of Russia's Tiflis Governorate. The border disputes between the newly-independent Democratic Republic of Georgia and the First Republic of Armenia, over a part of Borchalo district led to a brief war between the two countries in December 1918.

Demography[edit]

According to census held in 1897, the population of uyezd was 128,587. The ethnic makeup of the district was the following:[1][2]

Further consolidation of different Turkic speaking ethnic groups (commonly known as Caucasian Tatars) led to the formation of the Azerbaijani community.[3] Today part of the area populated by ethnic Azerbaijanis in Kvemo Kartli region is formally called Borchali.

In 2017, Kvemo Kartli province of Georgia had the following ethnic makeup of 423,986 total population:[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 41°20′38″N 44°45′30″E / 41.34389°N 44.75833°E / 41.34389; 44.75833