Bordeaux Cathedral

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Bordeaux Cathedral
Cathédrale Saint-André
Cathédrale Saint-André 9.jpg
The north front of the cathedral
Basic information
LocationBordeaux, France France
Geographic coordinates44°50′16″N 0°34′39″W / 44.83778°N 0.57750°W / 44.83778; -0.57750Coordinates: 44°50′16″N 0°34′39″W / 44.83778°N 0.57750°W / 44.83778; -0.57750
AffiliationRoman Catholic Church
RiteRoman
DistrictArchdiocese of Bordeaux
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusCathedral
Architectural description
Architectural typeChurch
Architectural styleGothic, Romanesque

The Cathedral of Saint Andrew of Bordeaux (French: Cathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux), commonly known as Bordeaux Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Saint Andrew and located in Bordeaux, France. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Bordeaux.

History and description[edit]

The cathedral was consecrated by Pope Urban II in 1096. Of the original Romanesque edifice, only a wall in the nave remains. The Royal Gate is from the early 13th century, while the rest of the construction is mostly from the 14th-15th centuries. The building is a national monument of France.

In this church in 1137 the 13-year-old Eleanor of Aquitaine married the future Louis VII, a few months before she became Queen.

A separate bell tower, the Tour Pey-Berland, stands next to the cathedral.

The site is served by line A and line B of the tramway de Bordeaux at Station Hôtel de Ville.

Architectural Style[edit]

Bordeaux Cathedral is built in the Gothic Style, it has an eastern facing choir with large stain glass windows for letting in morning light, it also has flying buttresses and ribbed vaults that were both decorative and for providing structural support which allowed structural weight to be better distributed going outward instead of downward allowing for thinner, taller, and stronger walls and for more windows letting in more light which was of religious significance at the time of building. The doors of Bordeaux Cathedral have decorated tympanum with depictions of didactic religious scenes and gargoyles and other decorative sculpture throughout as well as tall, thin spires typical of gothic style.

Marcadé collection[edit]

The cathedral is home to the Marcadé collection, which consists of a group of forty-two illuminations, among other objects (paintings, sculptures, liturgical vestments and silver objects). It was given to Bordeaux Cathedral by Canon Marcadé in 1947. Of note, these illuminations, little studied so far, will be exhibited starting in 2015 in the cathedral, in a room specially designed for this collection. [1]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

Article incorporates text licensed under the CC-by license from Heritage Science as cited
  1. ^ Mounier, Aurélie; et al. (October 24, 2014). "Hyperspectral imaging, spectrofluorimetry, FORS and XRF for the non-invasive study of medieval miniatures materials". Heritage Science. Springer. 2 (24). doi:10.1186/s40494-014-0024-z. Retrieved 1 March 2015.

References[edit]

Bony, Jean (1983). French Gothic Architecture of the Twefth and Thirteenth Centuries. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-02831-7.

Frankl, Paul; Crossley, Paul (2000). Gothic Architecture. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-08798 5.

Reynolds, Elizabeth (Aislin) (2013). "The Development of Stained Glass in Gothic Cathedrals". JCCC Honors Journal. Vol 4 (Iss. 1, Article 3).

External links[edit]