Border Guard Unit

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Border Guard Unit
Customs Excise and Preventive Service (CEPS) Division of the Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA).JPG
Ashantiand Map
Zone of Influence
Abbreviation BGU
Established October 1964
Legal status Active
Region served
Ashanti, Ashantiland
Key people
Sergeant Major and Chief Warrant Officer Dickson Owusu; GAF (Director-general of the BGU)
Affiliations Customs Excise and Preventive Service (CEPS)
Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA)
Bureau of National Investigations
Ghana Armed Forces
Ministry of Defence (Ghana)
Ghana Immigration Service
Budget
$1-2 billion (estimate)

The Border Guard Unit (reporting name: BGU) is a national security border guarding unit and paramilitary of the Customs Excise and Preventive Service (CEPS) Division of the Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA) of Ashanti and Ashantiland and an independent military branch of the Ghana Armed Forces (GAF).[1] Established in October 1964, it is one of the armed forces of the GAF.[1] BGU primary role is to border guard and border patrol the peninsula Ashantiland's international borders during peacetime and also prevent trans-border crime.[1] Consisting of military personnels, battalions, special forces, frogmen and like all forces of the GAF, the BGU is under the administrative control of the Customs Excise and Preventive Service (CEPS) Division of the Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA).[1] BGU is a law enforcement agency of Ghana.[1] The Border Guard Unit (BGU) is legally a creature of, The Security Act (Act 202) 1963,[1] The Immigration Service Law 1963, PNDCL 226 of 1989.,[2] and The Customs, Excise and Preventive Service (Management) Law 1993, PNDCL 330., in addition, the BGU applies other laws and regulations which prescribe the mode of operation and penalties for various infringements.[3]

History[edit]

In October 1964 the Border Guard Unit (BGU) was formed as a police unit with an assistant commissioner of police as the head.[1][4] The Border Guard Unit (BGU) acted as agents of customs in boarding and clearing of ships and aircraft, and examination of passengers and baggage with the BGU also performing customs duties.[1][4]

Organization[edit]

Border Guard Unit organizational operations include; boarding and rummaging of ships and aircraft and passengersbaggage examination, and border patrol.[1][4] In 1988 the Border Guard Unit (BGU) was re-integrated as a military branch into the Customs Excise and Preventive Service (CEPS) Division of the Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA) and Ghana Armed Forces (GAF).[1][4] BGU designs and implements effective strategies and programmes to facilitate the movement of people across the international borders of Ashantiland and Ghana through efficient and transparent service delivery.[1][4]

Border guard operations[edit]

Objective of the Border Guard Unit[edit]

BGU (Border Guard Unit) Special Agent Badge.
Border Guard Unit Shield

The objective of the Border Guard Unit (BGU) is to ensure the security of all Ashantiland international borders, Ashantiland entry and exit points, including Ashantiland coastal areas against illegal immigration entry and exit by cross-border criminals.[5] In the performance of the BGU role of securing the Ashantiland international borders, the Border Guard Unit (BGU) undertakes under listed specific tasks:[5]

Border patrol operations and corporate operations[edit]

Sergeant Major and Chief Warrant Officer Dickson Owusu; the current Director-general of the BGU (Border Guard Unit)

Customs guide operations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The Security Act (Act 202) 1963, Ghana.
  2. ^ The Immigration Service Law 1963, PNDCL 226 of 1989, Ghana.
  3. ^ The Customs, Excise and Preventive Service (Management) Law 1993, PNDCL 330, Ghana.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Customs Excise & Preventive Sevice [sic]". Ghanadistricts.com. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "The Formative Stage of the Border Patrol Unit (BPU)". Ghanaimmigration.org. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 

External links[edit]