Borders of Poland

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Poland's old and new borders, 1945 (Kresy in gray)
Borders of Poland with length
Neuwarper See (Jezioro Nowowarpieńskie), a lake divided by a border between Poland and Germany

The Borders of Poland are 3511[1] or 3582 kilometers long.[2] The neighboring countries are Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and the Russian province of Kaliningrad Oblast to the northeast. To the north, Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea.

Breakdown of border lengths per entity

  1. Czech Republic-Poland border: 796km[1] or 790km[2]
  2. Poland-Slovakia border: 541km[1] or 539km[2]
  3. Poland-Ukraine border: 535km[1] or 529km[2]
  4. Germany-Poland border: 467km[2][1]
  5. Belarus-Poland border: 418km[1] or 416km[2]
  6. Poland-Russia border (Kaliningrad Oblast): 210km[2][1]
  7. Lithuania-Poland border: 104km[1] or 103km[2]
  8. sea (Baltic Sea): 440km[1] or 528km[2]

Polish coastal line is 770km long.[1]

Major border crossings[edit]

After accession of Poland to the European Union in 2004, border crossings with EU states (Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Lithuania) were made redundant. Infrastructure remains in place, but its systematic use and the controls are no longer allowed by the Schengen agreement.[3]

Former[edit]

with Germany

  1. Świnoujście
  2. Kołbaskowo
  3. Kostrzyn nad Odrą
  4. Świecko
  5. Gubin
  6. Olszyna
  7. Zgorzelec

with the Czech Republic

  1. Jakuszyce (district of Szklarska Poręba)
  2. Kudowa-Słone
  3. Chałupki
  4. Cieszyn

with Slovakia

  1. Chyżne
  2. Łysa Polana
  3. Jurgów
  4. Barwinek

with Lithuania

  1. Ogrodniki
  2. Budzisko

Historically, Poland also had borders (and border crossings) with former countries, or with countries that no longer share a common border with Poland:

Current[edit]

with Ukraine

  1. Korczowa

with Belarus

  1. Grzechotki

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "WARUNKI NATURALNE I OCHRONA ŚRODOWISKA (ENVIRONMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION)". MAŁY ROCZNIK STATYSTYCZNY POLSKI 2013 (CONCISE STATISTICAL YEARBOOK OF POLAND 2013) (in Polish and English). GŁÓWNY URZĄD STATYSTYCZNY. 2013. p. 26. ISSN 1640-3630. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i (Polish) Informacje o Polsce - informacje ogólne Archived June 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (archive.org ). Page gives Polish PWN Encyklopedia as reference.
  3. ^ Ustawa z dnia 29 czerwca 2007 r. o zmianie ustawy o ochronie granicy państwowej oraz ustawy o zmianie ustawy o Straży Granicznej oraz niektórych innych ustaw. Dziennik Ustaw, 2007, numer 140. pozycja 982