Borders of Russia

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Typical border marker of Russia

Russia, the largest country in the world, has international borders with 16 sovereign states, including two maritime boundaries with the United States and Japan, as well as the Russian recognized borders with the partially recognized states of Donetsk People's Republic, Lugansk People's Republic, South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The country has a land border running 20,241 kilometres (12,577 mi) in total, and has the second-longest land border of any country in the world, after China. The present borders of the Russia (then the Russian SFSR) have been mostly drawn since 1956 (save for minor border changes, e.g., with China), and had remained the same after the dissolution of the Soviet Union; until in 2014, when Crimea was annexed by Russia from Ukraine.

As a transcontinental country in Eurasia, Russia shares borders in both Europe and Asia. Out of the 20 total borders, 12 are in Europe, and 5 are in Asia, while 1 border lies in the Bering Strait; between North America and Asia.

Overview[edit]

Russia shares borders with more countries than any other state in the world, owing to its large expanse. This includes four partially recognized countries, and two with aquatic boundaries (see below; in italics).

Table of countries that have a border with Russia (listed counterclockwise around Russia).[1]
Country Land Sea More information
 Norway 195.8 km (121.7 mi) 23.3 km (14.5 mi) Norway–Russia border
 Finland 1,271.8 km (790.3 mi) 54.0 km (33.6 mi) Finland–Russia border
 Estonia 324.8 km (201.8 mi) 142.0 km (88.2 mi) Estonia–Russia border
 Latvia 270.5 km (168.1 mi) none Latvia–Russia border
 Lithuania 266.0 km (165.3 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Lithuania–Russia border
 Poland 204.1 km (126.8 mi) 32.2 km (20.0 mi) Poland–Russia border
 Belarus 1,239.0 km (769.9 mi) none Belarus–Russia border
 Ukraine 2,093.6 km (1,300.9 mi) 567.0 km (352.3 mi) Russia–Ukraine border
 Luhansk People's Republic[2] ? none Russia–Lugansk People's Republic border
 Donetsk People's Republic[2] ? ? Russia–Donetsk People's Republic border
 Georgia 572.5 km (355.7 mi) none Georgia–Russia border
 Abkhazia[3] 255.4 km (158.7 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Abkhazia–Russia border
 South Ossetia[4] 70 km (43 mi) none South Ossetia–Russia border
 Azerbaijan 327.6 km (203.6 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Azerbaijan–Russia border
 Kazakhstan 7,512.8 km (4,668.2 mi) 85.8 km (53.3 mi) Kazakhstan–Russia border
 China 4,209.3 km (2,615.5 mi) none China–Russia border
 Mongolia 3,485.0 km (2,165.5 mi) none Mongolia–Russia border
 North Korea 17.3 km (10.7 mi) 22.1 km (13.7 mi) North Korea–Russia border
 Japan none 194.3 km (120.7 mi) Japan–Russia border[a]
 United States none 49.0 km (30.4 mi) USSR–USA Maritime Boundary Agreement

Border details[edit]

Below is a list of subjects with both neighbouring regions of Russia with them, and in the neighbouring regions of foreign countries.

Northwestern Federal District[edit]

Flag of Karelia.svgRepublic of Karelia

Flag of Komi.svgKomi Republic

Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast.svgArkhangelsk Oblast

Flag of Vologda Oblast.svgVologda Oblast

Flag of Kaliningrad Oblast.svgKaliningrad Oblast

Flag of Leningrad Oblast.svgLeningrad Oblast

Flag of Murmansk Oblast.svgMurmansk Oblast

Flag of Novgorod Oblast.svgNovgorod Oblast

Flag of Pskov Oblast.svgPskov Oblast

Flag of Saint Petersburg.svgSaint Petersburg

Flag of Nenets Autonomous District.svgNenets Autonomous Okrug

Volga Federal District[edit]

Southern Federal District[edit]

North Caucasian Federal District[edit]

Ural Federal District[edit]

Siberian Federal District[edit]

Far Eastern Federal District[edit]

Crimea[edit]

The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities since the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia.[5][6] Since 1991, Russia also leases Sevastopol Naval Base with current lease extending to 2040s with an option for another extension, but the State Duma approved the denunciation of this lease agreements unanimously by 433 members of parliament on 31 March 2014.[7]

Republic of Crimea

Sevastopol

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See Kuril Islands dispute for information about territorial dispute between Russia and Japan over islands occupied during World War II.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Сопредельные страны | Росграница". 13 March 2017. Archived from the original on 13 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b Donetsk People's Republic and Lugansk People's Republic are breakaways state that declared independence from Ukraine in 2014. As of February 2022, out of UN member states, they have been formally recognised only by Russia, and out of non-UN-member states, by South Ossetia and Abkhazia. They also recognise each other's independence. Seven UN member states have expressed support of Russia's recognition.
  3. ^ Abkhazia is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Abkhazia and Georgia. The Republic of Abkhazia unilaterally declared independence on 23 July 1992, but Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory and designates it as a territory occupied by Russia. Abkhazia has received formal recognition as an independent state from 7 out of 193 United Nations member states, 1 of which has subsequently withdrawn its recognition.
  4. ^ South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory.
  5. ^ Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Archived from the original on 18 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  6. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Timeline". 13 November 2014 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  7. ^ State Duma approves denunciation of Russian-Ukrainian agreements on Black Sea Fleet, ITAR-TASS (31 March 2014)

External links[edit]