Borgue, Dumfries and Galloway
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Borgue (pronounced /ˈbɔrɡ/) is a village and parish in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. It lies 5 miles south-west of Kirkcudbright and 6 miles south of Gatehouse of Fleet. The name Borgue (recorded as Borg in 1469) is from Old Norse borg 'stronghold'.
Borgue Parish Church was built in 1814 and designed by architect Walter Newall with alterations dating from 1897-98. Due to a dwindling congregation it closed in August 2018. The churchyard contains the late C19 Gothic mausoleum of the Gordons of Earlston.
Castle Haven dun
Only about 10.5m x 18m in size, Castle Haven is of an unusual D-shape with an almost straight west wall running along the edge of a cliff. The fort is now overgrown and difficult to discern in the landscape, but a nearly concentric outer wall remains; the main entrance is in the arch segment to the north, while a smaller access at the south end leads down to the beach. Another peculiar characteristic of this fort is the almost totally hollow construction of the wall, which contains three galleries of different lengths within its thickness; six adits lead to the galleries. Steps lead to the top of the wall.
Artefacts found during restoration - two spiral bronze finger rings and a blue and white glass bead - indicate that its users were relatively prosperous. There were also fragments of an enamelled medieval brooch.
Notable people from Borgue
- The poet William Nicholson, the 'Bard of Galloway'
- Hugh Blair of Borgue, eccentric 18th century laird.
- George Cook, Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1876, who was minister of Borgue
- Samuel Smith (1836-1906), Liberal politician
- John James Pringle (1855–1922), dermatologist
- Henry, Lord Dalziel (1868–1935), newspaper proprietor and MP
- Sir Robin Gray (1931-), Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives from 1990 to 1993, who was born in Borgue
- Adam Gray. Local historian and author[permanent dead link]
- Randolph, Earl of Galloway (1928-), Scottish nobleman and the current 13th Earl of Galloway
List of listed buildings in Borgue
- Nicolaisen, W. F. H. (2001). Scottish Place Names. Edinburgh: John Donald. p. 144.
- Grant, Alison Elizabeth (2003). Scandinavian Place-Names in Northern Britain as Evidence for Language Contact and Interaction (PDF). University of Glasgow (Unpublished PhD Thesis). p. 260. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-02.
- Gifford, John. (2002). Dumfries and Galloway. Yale University Press. ISBN 0300096712. OCLC 49297770.
- Norris, Stephen (2018-08-29). "Final service at Borgue Church". dailyrecord. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
- "Fairy Boy of Borgue - Mysterious Britain & Ireland". Mysterious Britain & Ireland. Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Castle Haven,dun,Castle Haven Bay (SM1116)". Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- This article is partly based on a translation of de:Castle Haven (Borgue) on German Wikipedia
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