Boris (given name)
|Meaning||Wolf, Short, Snow Leopard, Famous Battle (Borislav) or Fame-Bright (Robert)|
|Region of origin||First Bulgarian Empire|
|Related names||Bob, Bobby (nicknames)|
Boris, Borys or Barys (Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian: Борис; Belarusian: Барыс) is a male name of Bulgar origin. Nowadays, it is most widely represented in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovakia and Slovenia.
A common theory is that this is a Bulgar language name. Its etymology is unclear. It may be derived from several Turkic words as böri – meaning "wolf", or from bogöri – which means "short", as well as from the word bars – i.e. "snow leopard". It can be used as a short form of the name Borislav, derived from the Slavic elements borti "battle" and slava "glory", "fame". Through the nickname "Bob" the name is often linked together with the name Robert, an ancient Germanic name meaning "fame-bright".
Boris is first found in written records in the case of the Bulgarian ruler Prince Boris I (852–889), who adopted Christianity in 864 AD and introduced it to his people. His name came to be known in Europe in relation to this particular act. Moreover, after his death in 907 AD he was proclaimed the first Bulgarian saint, and traces of his Orthodox sainthood during this period can be found as far away as Catholic Ireland. The Patriarchate of Constantinople recognized the canonization of St. Boris in 923 AD. However, Prince Boris was purportedly not a Slav. He descended from the Bulgars. Among the Bulgars the name was known in its two forms: Boris and Bogoris.
Boris started its worldwide spread with its adoption by Rus' Slavs from the First Bulgarian Empire. Bulgarian cultural missions intensified in the 10th century, during the reign of Tsar Petar and with them the spread of Bulgarian culture to what would become Ukrainian and Russian lands continued. It is speculated that the name of the Bulgarian saint Tsar Boris I reached the Rus in the late 10th century, likely during the reign of Boris II of Bulgaria (969–977), great-grandson of Boris I. In 967 the Byzantines instigated the Rus to attack the First Bulgarian Empire and it is probably around this campaign that the marriage of Vladimir I of Kiev to a Bulgarian noblewoman, who is assumed to be a daughter of Peter I, i.e., sister of Boris II, was arranged.
One of the sons of Vladimir I was given the name Boris. As evidenced by the Rus' Primary Chronicle, Boris and Gleb were sons of Vladimir I, born to him by the Bulgarian princess. During Vladimir's reign in 988 the conversion of the Kievan Rus' to Christianity took place. In this conversion, both ordinary priests and prelates from Bulgaria played a significant part. Also, with the adoption of the Byzantine calendar and the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar, the cult of St. Boris entered the Rus' Orthodox Church. In 1015, the princes Boris and Gleb were killed by their stepbrother Sviatopolk I of Kiev, who usurped the throne. Within a short time, Boris and Gleb were canonized and ever since, they have been the native soldier-saints most revered among the Ukrainians, Russians and Belarusians.
In addition to Kievan Rus the name Boris went over to other neighbours of Bulgaria as well. An example of this is the case of the Hungarian prince Boris Kalamanos (1112–1155), son of the Magyar king from his marriage with Euphtimia, daughter of the Kievan prince Vladimir II Monomakh. For a fairly long period men named Boris were found predominantly in the courts and among the nobility, but eventually the name became popular among all strata in the Russian Empire, including Siberia and Alaska. Eventually the name spread internationally within the last 50–75 years.
List of people with given name Boris
- Knyaz Boris I of Bulgaria (?–889), canonized after his death
- Tsar Boris II (931–977), ruler of the First Bulgarian Empire
- Tsar Boris III (1894–1943), ruler of the Kingdom of Bulgaria
- Grand Duke Boris Vladimirovich of Russia
- Boris Alexandrov (1905–1994), Soviet Composer
- Boris Alexandrov, (1955–2002), Ice hockey player.
- Boris and Gleb, Russian princes; murdered 1015; first Russian saints
- Boris Barnet, Soviet film director
- Boris Becker (born 1967), German professional tennis player
- Boris Bede, French player of gridiron football
- Boris Berezovsky, Russian pianist
- Boris Berezovsky, Russia's first billionaire businessman
- Boris Berman, Russian pianist
- Boris Blank, Swiss artist and musician
- Boris Brejcha, German DJ and music producer
- Boris Christoff, Bulgarian opera singer
- Boris Daenen, electronic music producer and DJ known as Netsky
- Boris Diaw, French basketball player
- Boris Dlugosch, house music producer
- Boris Dvornik, Croatian actor
- Boris Ebzeyev, Karachay politician and judge, president of Karachay–Cherkessia and one of the principal commanders of Insurgency in the North Caucasus
- Boris Furlan, Slovenian jurist and politician
- Boris Gelfand, Israeli chess Grandmaster
- Boris Godunov, tsar of Russia during the late 16th and early 17th centuries
- Boris Gromov, Russian military and political figure, Governor of Moscow Oblast, one of the principal commanders of Soviet-Afghan War
- Boris M. Gombač, Slovenian historian
- Boris Grebenshchikov, Russian singer-songwriter; band leader of Aquarium
- Boris Grishayev, Soviet marathon runner
- Boris Mikhaylovich Gurevich (born 1937), Soviet Olympic champion wrestler
- Boris Henry (born 1973), retired German javelin thrower
- Boris Hoppek (born 1970), German contemporary artist
- Boris Johnson (born 1964), current UK Prime Minister, Member of Parliament and former Mayor of London
- Boris Jordan, American investor involved in 1992 Privatization in Russia
- Boris Kagarlitsky, Russian academic and political dissident
- Boris Kalin, Slovenian sculptor
- Boris Karloff (1887–1969), English actor; appeared in many horror films
- Boris Kidrič, Slovenian communist official and resistance leader
- Boris Kodjoe, American actor
- Boris Kollár, Slovakian businessman and politician
- Boris Kustodiev, Russian artist and painter
- Boris Lushniak, retired United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps rear admiral who served as the acting Surgeon General of the United States
- Boris Lyatoshinsky, Ukrainian composer
- Boris Mikšić, Croatian businessman and politician
- Boris Miletić (born 1975), Croatian politician and mayor of Pula
- Boris Nachamkin (born 1933), American basketball player
- Boris Nayfeld, Belarusian gangster
- Boris Nemtsov, Russian scientist and politician
- Boris Pahor, Slovenian writer
- Boris Paichadze, Georgian football player
- Boris Palmer (born 1972), German politician
- Boris Pasternak, Soviet author; recipient, 1958 Nobel Prize in Literature
- Boris Podrecca (born 1940), Slovenian-Italian architect
- Boris Polak (born 1954), Israeli world champion and Olympic sport shooter
- Boris Pugo, Soviet Communist politician of Latvian origins
- Boris Razinsky (1933–2012), Soviet Olympic footballer and manager
- Boris Said, American race car driver
- Boris Serebryakov, Soviet serial killer and mass murderer known as the "Kuybyshev Monster"
- Boris Shaposhnikov, Soviet Russian general, Chief of the Staff of the Red Army, and Marshal of the Soviet Union, one of the principal commanders Eastern Front
- Count Boris Sheremetev, Russian diplomat and general field marshal during the Great Northern War
- Boris Sidis, Ukrainian psychiatrist
- Boris Spassky, Russian chess player
- Boris Starling, British novelist and screenwriter
- Boris Stürmer (1848–1917), Russian lawyer, Master of Ceremonies at the Russian Court, district governor of German descent, member of the Russian Assembly, Prime Minister of Russia, Minister of Internal Affairs and Foreign Minister of the Russian Empire
- Borys Szyc, Polish actor
- Boris Tadić (born 1958), Yugoslav-Serb politician; former President of Serbia
- Borys Tarasyuk, Ukrainian politician
- Boris Titulaer, Dutch singer
- Boris Trajkovski, politician; former President of Macedonia
- Boris Vallejo, fantasy artist
- Boris van der Ham (born 1973), Dutch politician and actor
- Boris Vladimirov, Soviet Army lieutenant general and a Hero of the Soviet Union
- Boris Vian, French polymath
- Boris Perušič (born 1940), Czech former volleyball player
- Boris Kočí (born 1964), Czech former football player
- Boris Williams, British musician; former member of The Cure
- Boris Žabka (born 1977), Slovak ice hockey coach
- Boris Rösner (1951-2006), Czech actor
- Boris Hybner (1941-2016), Czech actor, director, and mime artist
- Boris Yeltsin (1931–2007), Soviet-Russian politician; first President of Russia, one of the principal commanders of Second Chechen War
- Boris Krajný (born 1945), Czech pianist
- Boris Zaitchouk, Soviet hammer thrower
- Boris Zeisser (born 1968), Dutch architect
- Boris Živković, Croatian footballer
- Boris Badenov, main antagonist in the 1960s animated cartoons The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show
- Boris Bushkin, a character in the cartoon M.A.S.K. (TV series)
- Boris Drubetskoy, army officer in Leo Tolstoy's epic novel War And Peace
- Boris Grishenko, Russian hacker working for terrorists in the James Bond movie GoldenEye
- Boris Grushenko, the main character in the film Love and Death, played by Woody Allen
- Boris Kropotkin, Jewish character in the television show Rugrats
- Boris Pavlikovsky, character in Donna Tartt's 2013 novel The Goldfinch
- Boris the Animal, main antagonist character in the science fiction film Men in Black 3
- Boris "the Blade" Yurinov, an arms dealer in the film Snatch
- "Boris the Spider", 1966 song by The Who
- Boris the wolf, a character from the episodic puzzle horror video game Bendy and the Ink Machine
- Boris, a red fish in the eponymous Italian TV series
- Boris, mightiest of the Warriors of Loathing in the Times of Old, from the internet game Kingdom of Loathing
- "Boris", song from The Melvins' 1991 album Bullhead that gave its name to the Japanese metal band
- Boris, the Borzoi in the Lady and the Tramp cartoon
- Boris, the father on the PBS Kids show Caillou
- Boris, the Russian goose in the Balto movies
- Boris, the Soviet army unit in strategy game Command & Conquer: Yuri's Revenge
- Boris, the villain from the Adventures of Tintin series' 1956 book The Calculus Affair
- Boris Boris Tepes Dracula from the shaman king series Boris Tepes Dracula
- Васил Н. Златарски.История на Първото българско царство. Междудържавното положение на България и покръщането на българите.
- Проф. Веселин Бешевлиев (Издателство на Отечествения фронт, София 1981)
- Peter Golden, Turks and Khazars: Origins, Institutions, and Interactions in Pre-Mongol Eurasia, Volume 952, Ashgate / Variorum, 2010, ISBN 1409400034, p. 4.
- 1100 години от смъртта на княз Борис І. Христо Трендафилов.
- Boris – Name Meaning and Origin
- The etymology and history of first names.
- "OMDA, Околосветското пътешествие на името Борис". Archived from the original on 2016-11-15. Retrieved 2015-03-30.
- Материалы русской истории.Основные материалы для изучения русской истории.КИЕВСКИЙ КНЯЗЬ ЯРОСЛАВ ВЛАДИМИРОВИЧ.
- Киевская Русь и ее южные соседи. Киевская Русь и Болгария. Archived May 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- ПОКРЪСТВАНЕТО НА КИЕВСКА РУС И БЪЛГАРИТЕ, д-р Горан Благоев, БНТ.
- Святой благоверный и равноапостольный царь Борис Болгарский.
- "Princes Boris and Gleb: Proto-martyrs and Passion-Bearers of Old Russia". Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
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