Boris Altshuler

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Boris Lvovich Altshuler
Native name
Борис Леонидович Альтшулер
Born (1955-01-27) 27 January 1955 (age 64)
Leningrad, Russia
NationalityAmerican
Alma materUniversity of St. Petersburg
Leningrad Institute for Nuclear Physics
AwardsHewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize (1993)
Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize (2003)
Scientific career
FieldsCondensed Matter Physics
InstitutionsLeningrad Institute for Nuclear Physics
MIT
Princeton
Columbia

Boris Leonidovich Altshuler (Russian: Бори́с Леонидович Альтшу́лер, born 27 January 1955, Leningrad, USSR) is a professor of physics at Columbia University. His specialty is theoretical condensed matter physics.

Education and Career[edit]

Altshuler received his diploma in physics from Leningrad State University in 1976. He continued on at the Leningrad Institute for Nuclear Physics, where he was awarded his Ph.D. in physics in 1979. Altshuler stayed at the institute for the next ten years as a research fellow.[1]

In 1989, Altshuler joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. While there, he received the Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize (now called the Agilent Physics Prize) and became a fellow of the American Physical Society.[1]

Altshuler left MIT in 1996 to take a professorship at Princeton University. While there, he became affiliated with NEC Laboratories America. Recently, Altshuler has joined the faculty of Columbia and continues to work with the NEC Labs.[2]

Research[edit]

Althuler's contributions to condensed matter physics are broad and manifold. He is particularly famous for his work on disordered electronic systems, where he was the first to calculate singular quantum interference corrections to electron transport due to interactions (Altshuler-Aronov corrections). Together with Aronov, he has also developed theory of dephasing in weak-localization. In collaboration with Boris Shklovskii, Althsuler developed the theory of level repulsion in disordered metals. He has also significantly contributed to the theory of universal conduction fluctuations. More recently, Altshuler and Igor Aleiner have pioneered the new field of many-body localization, where they showed that an interacting many-body system may remain localized - a phenomenon descending from the famous phenomenon of Anderson localization. The latter achievement of Altshuler and Aleiner is widely regarded as a major milestone and many-body localization, they introduced, has now developed into a flourishing new field of physics. In 2016, the predicted phenomenon of many-body localization was observed experimentally by the group of Immanuel Bloch in Munich, Germany.[3]

Awards and honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2003 Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Physics Prize Recipient". American Physical Society. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  2. ^ "MIT Reports to the President 1995-96". MIT. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  3. ^ Olivia Meyer-Streng, "Benchtop cosmology exploits solid-state systems," https://phys.org/news/2016-07-scientists-evidence-many-body-localization-quantum.html
  4. ^ "Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize" (PDF). Europhysics News. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original (PDF) on |archive-url= requires |archive-date= (help). Retrieved 17 April 2011.
  6. ^ "Boris L. Altshuler". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Gruppe 2: Fysikkfag (herunder astronomi, fysikk og geofysikk)" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  8. ^ "2018 DIRAC Lecture - Professor Boris Altshuler". University of New South Wales. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 18 May 2019.

Further reading[edit]