|Borís Danílovich Korolyóv|
Moscow, Russian Empire
|Died||18 June 1963
|Education||Lomonósov Moscow State University: Faculty of Physics and Mathematics (department of natural science) (1903– ); Faculty of History and History of Art
Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (in the class of S. Volnúkhin) (1910–13).
|Known for||Monumental sculpture|
|Movement||Realism, Impressionism, Cubism|
Borís Danílovich Korolyóv (Russian: Борис Данилович Королёв, or Korolev); (1884/85–1963) was a Soviet sculptor-monumentalist, teacher and public figure.
As an artist Korolyóv stood at the origins of the Soviet school of sculpture, its mainstream, but he also was one of the leading figures in the avant-garde movement. In 1920s he played a prime role in the realization of Lenin's plan of monumental propaganda. In his own sculptural works Korolyóv combined Realism with elements of Impressionism and Cubism.
Born in Moscow and educated at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture under Sergei Volnukhin, Korolev was a committed revolutionary, deported twice for his political activity, and a leading figure of avant-garde sculpture in revolutionary Russia.
He was an active participant in the execution of Lenin's Monumental Propaganda Plan of April 1918, which encouraged the destruction of Tsarist monuments and the rapid production of Soviet-themed sculptures and bas-reliefs. Unfortunately Korolev's rapidly produced 1919 concrete statue of Mikhail Bakunin, done in a Cubo-Futurist style and set up in Moscow, proved to be deeply unpopular and was dismantled within weeks.
Despite changing tastes, Korolev continued working in Cubist style into the 1920s, and became professor of sculpture at the Soviet state art school, Vkhutemas. In 2009 he was the subject of a major retrospective at the Tretyakov Gallery.
His work includes:
- the granite Fighters of the Revolution in Saratov, completed in 1925, with a cubist base
- bronze and granite figure of Nikolay Bauman, Moscow, 1931
- a number of statues of Lenin, including a bronze of Lenin in Independence Square of Tashkent, completed in 1936 and replaced in 1991
Vladimir Lenin's marble portrait (1923)
- "BORIS KOROLEV. SCULPTURE. GRAPHICS. TO THE 125TH ANNIVERSARY". The State Tretyakov Gallery. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Королев Борис Данилович". devichka.ru. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Оnline biography (in Russian)
- Bol'shaya sovetskaya entsiklopediia (the Great Soviet encyclopedia) (3d ed., vol. 13). (1973). Moscow.: Izdatel'stvo "Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya".
- Grabar . (Ed.). (1957). Istoriya Russkogo Iskusstva (The History of Russian Art) (Vol. XI). Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences.
- Latushkin (1986). Pam'yatnik N.E. Baumanu (Monument to N. Bauman in Moscow). Moscow: Moskovskiy rabochiy.
- Fomina, Yakhont (1989). Korolyov, B.D. Iz literaturnogo naslediya. Perepiska. Sovremenniki o skul'ptore (Korolyóv, B.D. Excerpts from archives and published literary works. Correspondence. Contemporaries on the sculptor. Moscow: Sovetskiy khudozhnik.
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