B. P. Uvarov at the International Congress of Entomology in Madrid, 1935
Boris Petrovitch Uvarov
3 November 1886
|Died||18 March 1970 (aged 83)|
|Alma mater||Saint Petersburg State University|
|Awards||Fellow of the Royal Society (1950)|
Sir Boris Petrovitch Uvarov KCMG FRS (3 November 1886 – 18 March 1970) was a Russian-British entomologist best known for his work on the biology and ecology of locusts. He has been called the father of acridology.
Boris Petrovitch Uvarov was born in Ural'sk, in the Russian Empire (now Oral, Kazakhstan), the youngest of three sons of Pyotr P. Uvarov, a state bank employee, and his wife, Aleksandra. His interest in natural history was aided in young life by his father's gift of six volumes of Brehm's Tierleben. He studied biology in the Saint Petersburg State University, graduating in 1910. He worked as entomologist in Stavropol and put locust control on a sound scientific basis. From 1915 he worked in Tiflis, which after the Russian revolution of 1917 had become the capital of the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia. He moved to London in 1920 and became a naturalized British citizen in 1943.
Starting in 1945, Dr. Uvarov and his small team received official designation as the Anti-Locust Research Centre, London. During the next fourteen years, the Centre developed into the foremost laboratory in the world for research on locusts. He made important contributions in the areas of taxonomy, population biology and locust control.
- Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (1943)
- Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George (10 June 1961) for contributions to science, particularly as Director of the Anti-Locust Research Centre
- Fellow of the Royal Society (1950)
- Commander of the Royal Order of the Lion (Belgium, 1948)
- Honorary DSc from the University of Madrid (1935)
- President of the Royal Entomological Society of London (1959–61)
|“||His researches on taxonomy, morphology, biometrics and behaviour of locusts led him to formulate the phase theory respecting those insects, greatly influencing locus research throughout the world. It has also provided a basis for international policy of prevention of locust outbreaks. His studies of outbreaks in Africa contributed much towards establishing correlation between seasonal weather conditions and locus migrations thus providing a basis for forecasting. Other work includes over 150 papers on taxonomy of Orthoptera and many on Orthopterous faunas. Has also done much to encourage locust research and played a leading part in planning international anti-locus measures.||”|
His niece was Dame Olga Uvarov.
- Locusts and Grasshoppers (1928)
- Insect Nutrition and Metabolism (1928)
- Insects and Climate (1931)
- Grasshoppers and Locusts (V. I, 1966, ISBN 0-85135-072-0 V. II, 1977 ISBN 978-0-85135-072-1)
- Fedotova, Anastasia; Kouprianov, Alexei (2016). "Archival research reveals the true date of birth of the father of locust phase theory, Sir Boris Uvarov, FRS" (PDF). Euroasian Entomological Journal. 15 (4): 321–327. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
- "Uvarov, Sir Boris Petrovich". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Lockwood, Jeffrey A. (2004). Locust: The Devastating Rise and Mysterious Disappearance of the Insect That Shaped the American Frontier. p. 139. ISBN 9780786738878. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Waloff, N.; Popov, G. B. (1990). "Sir Boris Uvarov (1889-1970): The Father of Acridology". Annual Review of Entomology. 35: 1–26. doi:10.1146/annurev.en.35.010190.000245.
- Baker, Ed (28 November 2018). "Mentions of Sir Boris Uvarov in the London Gazette".
- "Library and Archive Catalogue: Uvarov, Sir Boris Petrovich". London: The Royal Society. Retrieved 6 December 2013.