Boris Vasilyev (writer)
|Boris Lvovich Vasilyev|
|Native name||Борис Львович Васильев|
21 May 1924|
Smolensk, Soviet Union
|Died||11 March 2013
|Spouse(s)||Zorya Albertovna Vasilyeva|
|Awards||Andrei Sakharov Prize For Writer's Civic Courage|
Boris Lvovich Vasilyev (Russian: Бори́с Льво́вич Васи́льев; 21 May 1924, Smolensk – 11 March 2013, Moscow) was a Soviet writer. He is considered the last representative of the so-called "lieutenant prose", a group of former low-ranking Soviet officers who dramatised their traumatic World War II experience.
After his World War II service, Vasiliev enrolled at the Malinovsky Tank Academy. His short novel The Dawns Here Are Quiet was a Soviet bestseller, selling 1.8 million copies within a year after its publication in 1969. It was adapted for the stage and the screen; there is also an opera by Kirill Molchanov, and a Chinese TV series based on the story.
The Dawns Here Are Quiet was the first of Vasiliev's sentimental patriotic tales of female heroism in the Second World War ("Not on the Active List", 1974; "Tomorrow There Came War", 1984) which brought him renown in the Soviet Union, China, and other communist countries. Some of his books give a harsh picture of life in Stalin's Russia.
Vasiliev's short novel Don't Shoot the White Swans (1973), a milestone of Russian-language environmental fiction, is sharply critical of "the senseless destruction of beautiful creatures and the exploitation of nature for personal gain". It was made into a 1980 Soviet film.
Vasiliev was awarded the USSR State Prize for 1975 and was a member of the jury at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival. In 1989, he quit the USSR Communist Party but grew disillusioned with the Perestroika rather quickly. In October 1993, he signed the Letter of Forty-Two. Late in life, Vasiliev turned to historical fiction based on incidents from medieval Russian chronicles.
- The Officers (1971), a very popular saga about a Soviet family with a tradition of military service.
- The Dawns Here Are Quiet (1972)
- Do Not Shoot at White Swans (1980)
- Tomorrow Was War (1987)
- "Russia's Soviet-era war novelist Boris Vasilyev dies aged 88: Voice of Russia". :. 1924-05-21. Retrieved 2013-03-11.
- Martin Banham. The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, 1995. P. 656.
- Трофименков, Михаил (3 December 2013). "Социалистический сентименталист". p. 15. Retrieved 8 July 2016 – via Kommersant.
- Rosalind J. Marsh. Soviet Fiction Since Stalin: Science, Politics, and Literature. Taylor & Francis, 1986. Page 182.
- "Berlinale: 1989 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-03-09.
- "ВАСИЛЬЕВ, БОРИС ЛЬВОВИЧ - Энциклопедия Кругосвет". Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- Писатели требуют от правительства решительных действий. Izvestia (in Russian). 5 October 1993. Retrieved 21 August 2011.