Borisovsky Khotilovo (air base)

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Borisovsky Khotilovo

Roundel of Russia.svg
KhotilovoAirbase2019-01.jpg
Sukhoi Su-27 and Mikoyan MiG-31 of the 790th Fighter Aviation Regiment at Khotilovo.
790th Fighter Order of Kutuzov 3rd class Aviation Regiment, Khotilovo airbase (355-1).jpg
MiG-31 790 IAP
Summary
Airport typeMilitary
OwnerMinistry of Defence
OperatorRussian Air Force
LocationBologoye
Elevation AMSL591 ft / 180 m
Coordinates57°39′18″N 034°6′0″E / 57.65500°N 34.10000°E / 57.65500; 34.10000Coordinates: 57°39′18″N 034°6′0″E / 57.65500°N 34.10000°E / 57.65500; 34.10000
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
02/20 8,202 2,500 Concrete

Borisovsky Khotilovo (also given as Borisovskiy, Borisovsky, and Khatilovo) is an air base in Tver Oblast, Russia located 24 km south of the town of Bologoye. It is an interceptor base with three groups of fan revetments. It is home to 790 IAP (790th Fighter Order of Kutuzov Aviation Regiment) flying 38 MiG-25 aircraft during the Cold War and MiG-31s through the 1990s.[1][2]

History

Borisovsky's interceptor regiment initially operated the Sukhoi Su-9 (Fishpot) in the 1960s.[3] The regiment replaced it in 1980 with the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Foxbat-A).[3] This was unique to Borisovsky, as all other Su-9 bases received the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger).[3]

On 1 June 2005 a MiG-31 based here crash-landed here; the crew was only injured.

As of February 2014, the base is closed for runway 02/20 reconstruction.

The first airplanes in the area of the village Khotilovo appeared before World War II.

In the period from March 1945 to July 1946, the control and regiments of the 257th Svirsky Fighter Aviation Division disbanded in July 1946 ( Yak-9M and La-7).

In the 1950s and 1960s, propellers and first jet aircraft were based here. During their operation, many pilots and test pilots died – some pilots were buried in the cemetery in the village of Hotilovo. Until recently, it was still possible to see the graves with propellers. The town of the airfield was located along the highway. The take-off field and taxiways were created from standard metal ladders, which can still be seen in the village – they are used both as tracks and as hedges. When visiting Fidel Castro rocket division in the city Bologoe-4, he flew with the government delegation to the Hotilovo airfield . Maintenance of the airfield went through the nearest railway station Kuzhenkino. It was equipped with a warehouse, a loading area and a place for unloading fuel. The planes arrived and departed by rail unassembled, in wooden containers of gray color – the fuselage and the plane separately. Later, in the 70s, the town and the airfield itself were moved a few kilometers to the side, across the Shlin river, where it occupies its present position.

MiG-31 from 790 IAP

From April 2006 a cardinal reconstruction was made: the length was increased Runway from 2500 to 3000 meters and its width, the runway, apron covers and taxiways were completely replaced by concrete monolith; new buildings of the control tower (KDP), a launch command center (UPC) and several other buildings for various purposes, including the building of the duty team, were built. After reconstruction, the airfield is capable of receiving any type of Russian military aircraft, including strategic bombers Tu-160.[4]

By order of the Commander of the Special Forces Command, from 24 September 2007 aerodrome was put into operation and ready to receive and organize flights of the state [[aviation] aviation]].

The air base personnel took an active part in the Russian-Belarusian exercises "Zapad-2009", where they worked on the interception of air targets. In addition, combat shooting is conducted every year at the Ashuluk and Ladoga firing ranges.

Composition of the air base

Currently located at the airbase:

  • The 790th Fighter Order of Kutuzov, 3rd class, an aviation regiment that has aircraft MiG-31
  • 3rd Squadron Su-27

Since 2007 is joint-based airfield – in addition to military aviation, there is also a civilian base – Federal State Budgetary Institution "Russia" special flight squadron. The airfield is used by the President of the Russian Federation and his guests when traveling to the residence "Dinner" in Valdai.

790 Fighter Regiment

69th "A" Fighter Aviation Regiment – the 790th Fighter Regiment of the Kutuzov Aviation Regiment. Formed in October–November 1941 in Kirovabad on the basis of the 69th iap and received the name of the 69th "A" fighter regiment. Later, on 8 March 1942, he received a new number: the 790th ip.[5] In service was a fighter LaGG-3. On 15 May 1942 he began combat work as part of the Air Force of the 46th Army on the Transcaucasian Front.

MiG-31 from 790 iap

In August 1942 joined the 219th Bomber Aviation Division, which operated in the Transcaucasian, and since January 1943 in the North Caucasus Front. From April 1943 acted as part of the 229th Fighter Division. In May 1944 he was withdrawn to the rear for re-formation, where he became part of the 129th Iad. Re-armed with fighter jets La-5. From 13 October 1944 until the end of the war, he acted as part of the 129th Jade on the 3rd Belorussian Front. During the war years, the regiment pilots won 182 aerial victories.

In 1980–1993, the regiment flew airplanes MiG-25. Since 1994, the air regiment gradually re-armed with interceptor fighters MiG-31. During the reconstruction of the Khotilovo airbase in 2006–2008, the air regiment was temporarily relocated to the air base in Dorokhovo. With the transition to the new look of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the regiment became an airbase as part of the Air Force Operational-Strategic Command of the Air Force, that is, the re-formed Special Purpose Command. The air regiment received a squadron of Su-27 from the Bezhetsk Fighter Regiment. And in Bezhetsk, the commandant's office remained, structurally incorporated into the Hotilovo airbase.

844 OBS RTO

The 844th separate communications and radio engineering battalion (OPS RTO) since 1953 provides flights for the 790th IAP. The battalion began its formation in February 1953 at the station Kuzhenkino Bologovsky District Tver Region. At the moment, the battalion is commanded by guards lieutenant colonel Sayganov Vadim Aleksandrovich. Organizationally includes liaison offices, РТО, company РЗА, ТЭЧ and management. The battalion includes the entire range of radio-technical means of flight support: radio engineering system of near navigation (RSBN) – command post (UPC)]], radar landing system (EPR), lighting equipment (SSO), etc. In recent years, the latest models of modern technology have been in service – EKSA, Transcon, etc.

Media

MiG-31 and Su-27 from 790th Fighter Order of Kutuzov 3rd class Aviation Regiment on the ramp of Khotilovo airbase, Tver region.

References

  1. ^ "Aviatsiya PVO". Aviabaza KPOI.
  2. ^ Butowski, Pyotr (2004). Air Power Analysis: Russian Federation. AIRtime Publishing, Inc.
  3. ^ a b c PHASEOUT OF FISHPOT IN APVO STRANYY AIRFIELDS USSR, February 1981, CREST: CIA-RDP81T00380R000100980001-5, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC.
  4. ^ Hotilovo airfield put into operation and ready to receive state aviation
  5. ^ Order of the Commander-in-Chief of Military District No. 0034 dated 8 March 1942.

External links