Borj El Kebir
|Borj El Kebir|
Borj El Ghazi Mustapha
Borj El Kebir (1599)
|Architectural style||Moorish architecture|
|Location||Houmt El Souk, Tunisia|
Borj El Kebir, also known as Borj El Ghazi Mustapha, is an ancient castle in Houmt El Souk, Tunisia on the island of Djerba. It is the largest and best preserved local castle, and is one of the most visited historical sites on the island.
The name Borj El Ghazi Mustapha comes from the Qaid who settled in Djerba in 1559. This qaid extended the castle and gives it its actual architecture.
It was built in the end of the 14th century over the ruins of the ancient Roman city of Griba, after the deportation of the soldiers of Alfonso V of Aragon following the orders of the hafsid sultan of Tunisia. In 1450, the castle got extended. On July 28, 1881, during the French occupation, French troops settled in the castle after invading the island.
In 1903, it became a property of the Tunisian authorities who gave it the status of a national historical monument on March 15, 1904 and transformed it into a museum.
The borj has a rectangular form.
- Éternelle Djerba, Tunis, Association de sauvegarde de l’île de Djerba et Société tunisienne des arts graphiques, 1998, p. 21
- Kamel Tmarzizet, op. cit., p. 153