Borlänge

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Borlänge
Sveatorget in Borlänge
Sveatorget in Borlänge
Borlänge is located in Dalarna
Borlänge
Borlänge
Borlänge is located in Sweden
Borlänge
Borlänge
Coordinates: 60°29′08″N 15°26′11″E / 60.48556°N 15.43639°E / 60.48556; 15.43639Coordinates: 60°29′08″N 15°26′11″E / 60.48556°N 15.43639°E / 60.48556; 15.43639
Country Sweden
Province Dalarna
County Dalarna County
Municipality Borlänge Municipality
Founded 1944
Area[1]
 • Total 34.36 km2 (13.27 sq mi)
Elevation 151 m (495 ft)
Population (2017)[2]
 • Total 51,604
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 781 xx
Area code(s) (+46) 24
Climate Dfb
Website Official website

Borlänge [²boːɭɛŋːɛ] is a locality in Dalarna County, Sweden. It is the seat of the Borlänge Municipality, and has a total population of 51,604 inhabitants as of 2017.[2]

History[edit]

Stora Tuna Church, open as Dalecarlia Cathedral by 1469; its parish and graveyard were established in the 13th century.

Originally Borlänge was the name of a tiny village, and the first historical information about it is from 1390. The village was insignificant up until about 1870. In 1875 a railway between Falun and Ludvika, via Borlänge was inaugurated and at the same time the construction of Domnarfvets Jernverk, the ironworks of neighbouring village Domnarvet, had started. Thanks to its railway station the village of Borlänge became highly important in servicing the ironworks.

In 1898, Borlänge was granted privileges by the national Swedish government as a town of its own (Swedish: köping) with about 1,300 inhabitants, but still today it belongs to the Church of Sweden's regionally historically dominant parish of Stora Tuna, centered on a large medieval cathedral by that name (meaning great enclosed farmyards), now located in a rural district east of the city.[3] In the 1900s, the Stora Kopparbergs Bergslag - the owner of the ironworks in Domnarvet at the time - built a papermill in an adjacent village to Borlänge called Kvarnsveden. Many area residents emigrated to the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

In 1944, the City of Borlänge was incorporated after the market town joined the industrial towns of Domnarvet and Kvarnsveden. In 1971 the municipality of Borlänge was established when the Stora Tuna municipality merged with the City of Borlänge.[citation needed]

In the early 1970s, the Kvarnsvedens Pappersbruk paper mill and the Domnarvets Jernverk steel mill had a high demand for employees.[4]

Between 1970-1974, the Tjärna Ängar Million Programme district was built.

During all of the 20th century Borlänge has been a typical heavy industry community with relatively good economic growth; today the service industry is also thriving and in considerable expansion.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Interior of the Borlänge People's House (Folkets hus).

According to the Borlänge Municipality, as of 2017, Borlänge has a population of 51,604 inhabitants. 11,693 residents in the city are of foreign origin, comprising 22.7% of the total population. Of these individuals, 8,837 were born abroad and 2,856 were born in Sweden. Most of the residents of foreign background come from Asia, Africa, other Nordic countries, and other parts of Europe.[2]

According to the Borlänge Municipality, in the 1990s, most foreign-born residents of Borlänge arrived from Southern Europe, due to the civil wars in Yugoslavia. During the 2000s, immigrants in the city primarily came from Somalia, Iraq and Turkey.[5] The Somalia-born immigrants primarily came via family reunification. This migration had decreased by the following decade, with most newcomers in Borlänge now consisting of asylum immigrants from Syria and Eritrea. As of 2016, there are 472 refugees in the municipality, most of whom originate from Syria (218), Eritrea (121), and Somalia (56). The newer asylum immigrants in the city largely emigrated from Syria and Eritrea.[2]

According to the Borlänge Municipality, many of the city's inhabitants with a foreign background live in the neighborhoods of Jakobsgårdarna and Tjärna Ängar (nicknamed "Lilla Mogadishu" because of its many Somalia-born inhabitants[6]). An agreement between the Borlänge Municipality and the Swedish Migration Board to receive 30 refugees per year has contributed to the population growth, with many also arriving via family reunification. Additionally, people have relocated to the city from other areas, drawn in by the subsidized residence for asylum seekers who have been granted a residence permit. Many are young, with few individuals older than 60 years of age. Over a five year period, the number of inhabitants in Tjärna Ängar increased considerably, as 1,000 young persons relocated to the neighborhood. The new arrivals principally came from two or three foreign backgrounds, and included university students and people who had emigrated from abroad.[5]

As of 2017, the most common countries of origin for total foreign-born individuals residing in Borlänge are Somalia (3,114), Finland (1,570), Syria (1,032), Iraq (1,028), Turkey (926), Eritrea (350), Thailand (322), Iran (240), Yugoslavia (197), and Norway (174).[2]

Districts[edit]

Borlänge's official districts and their inhabitants from 1975-2010:[5]

District 1975 1990 2010
Bullermyren 4,000 2,700 2,800
Centrum, Östermalm 3,900 3,300 3,800
Domnarvet, Medväga, Barkargärdet 2,900 3,300 3,600
Gylle, Åselby, Hytting, Bro 5,200 4,200 4,100
Hagalund 4,700 3,800 4,100
Idkerberget, Tuna Hästberg 750 650 550
Jakobsgårdarna 1,300 1,900
Ornäs, Dalsjö, Kyna m.fl. 900 1,300 1,400
Romme m.fl. 2,500 2,200 2,300
Skräddarbacken 3,100 2,700
Tjärna Ängar 3,200 1,900 2,900
Torsång m.fl 500 1,200 1,300
Väster Tuna 1,400 1,700 1,800

Socioeconomics[edit]

Borlänge has always been an industrial town surrounding the iron mill of Domnarvet (SSAB) and the paper mill of Kvarnsveden (Stora Enso). As a city with a structure heavily divided by rails and roads, with a modern city center, Borlänge also houses the head office for a state authority - the National Swedish Transport Administration Trafikverket.

In its December 2015 report, Police in Sweden placed the Tjärna Ängar district in the second highest category of urban areas with high crime rates.[7] In the summer of 2016, there was widespread vandalism, cars were torched and when firefighters arrived, they were attacked with stones and had to wait for police to escort them in order to complete their mission.[8][9][10] The Dalarna University College has student accomodation in the area where female students are sexually harassed by the local male youth on a regular basis and avoid going outdoors after sunset.[11][12]

Shopping[edit]

Kupolen shopping centre in Borlänge

Borlänge promotes itself as The Number One Shopping City in Dalarna. This is possible due to the Kupolen area, situated about 1 kilometer west of the city centre. The Kupolen area includes Kupolen ('The Dome') Shopping Centre, IKEA and a lot of other stores. Though the district was first built to catch the interest from bypassers it has withdrawn the focus from the nearby downtown.

In the city centre you will find about 80 shops and 40 restaurants and cafés. Some with a long history; such as Qwarnströms, Almas Café, Tyllströms and Lindés Ur och Guld, but also newer ones like Selected Style, Brädgårn, Sara 1896 and Önskehuset.

Sport[edit]

The city boasts a football team that has been successful in the past, although it is currently going through some hard times. IK Brage, named after the Norse god, has a history of 18 seasons in the Swedish Premier Division (Allsvenskan). Brage plays in green and white and hosts its home games at Domnarvsvallen Stadium in Borlänge, with a seating capacity of 6,500. Another Borlänge team which has had a great deal of success in the sport, with both domestic and foreign fans following their progress, is the multicultural soccer team Dalkurd FF.

Other sports clubs located in Borlänge include:

In 2013, a Somali national bandy team was formed in Borlänge with the goal of participating in the 2014 Bandy World Championship.[13]

The 2008 Women's Bandy World Championship was also arranged with Borlänge as the main venue.

The 1993 World Gliding Championships were held at the Borlänge Airport, east of the town.

Music[edit]

Music is an important part of Borlänge. It has been the hometown of many new young musicians in Sweden such as Mando Diao, Sugarplum Fairy and Miss Li and offers the possibility to get a degree in popular music at BoomTown Music Education, a branch of the School of Music at Luleå University of Technology.

The Stoner Rockband STONEWALL NOISE ORCHESTRA (Short S*N*O) was formed 2004 in Borlänge.

Located in Borlänge for many years except for 2013, is the annual Peace & Love music festival.

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Befolkningsprognos för Borlänge kommun 2017-2027" (PDF). Borlänge Municipality. pp. 17–18, 20. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  3. ^ Find-a-Grave article
  4. ^ "Vad har hänt med min hemstad Borlänge?". Expressen (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 31 Aug 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  5. ^ a b c "MÅL OCH STRATEGI för boendeutvecklingen i Borlänge kommun 2011-2014 med utsikt mot 2022" (PDF). Borlänge Municipality. pp. 13–15, 23, 28. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  6. ^ "Borlänges modell går på export". Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 11 December 2017. 
  7. ^ Utsatta områden - sociala risker, kollektiv förmåga och oönskade händelser (PDF). Police in Sweden - Nationella Operativa Avdelningen - December 2015. p. 29. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 Aug 2016. 
  8. ^ Radio, Sveriges. "Bilbränder i Tjärna Ängar - då kastades sten mot brandkåren - P4 Dalarna". Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  9. ^ ""Hatet i stan hade varit tio gånger större utan bandyn" - DN.SE". DN.SE (in Swedish). 2017-01-14. Archived from the original on 14 January 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  10. ^ Fler bilbränder på Tjärna Ängar (in Swedish), 2016-07-18, retrieved 2017-12-09 
  11. ^ "Förföljelser, sexuella trakasserier och knivhot – studenter berättar om Borlänges studentboenden". dalademokraten.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  12. ^ "Studenterna själva sågar Borlänge som studentstad – "Jag känner mig inte säker här!"". dalademokraten.se (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 24 September 2016. Retrieved 2017-12-09. 
  13. ^ "Swede to coach first Somalia bandy team". Radio Sweden. 13 May 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
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