Born-Alive Infants Protection Act

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Born-Alive Infants Protection Act
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleBorn-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002
Acronyms (colloquial)BAIPA
Enacted bythe 107th United States Congress
Citations
Public law107-207
Statutes at Large116 Stat. 926
Codification
Titles amended1
U.S.C. sections created1 U.S.C. § 8
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 2175 by Steve Chabot (ROH) on June 14, 2001
  • Passed the House on March 12, 2002 (186–107)
  • Passed the Senate on July 18, 2002 (unanimous consent)
  • Signed into law by President George W. Bush on August 5, 2002

The Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002 ("BAIPA" Pub.L. 107–207, 116 Stat. 926, enacted August 5, 2002, 1 U.S.C. § 8) is an Act of Congress. It extends legal protection to an infant born alive after a failed attempt at induced abortion. It was signed by President George W. Bush.

Legislative history[edit]

Committee of the House[edit]

The bill was approved by the committee on July 12, 2001. The committee consisted of 32 representatives, 25 of which voted for the bill, 2 against and 10 were not present during the vote. This vote allowed the bill to be passed onto the entire house of representatives.[4]

Interpretation of the Bill[edit]

  • Defines a "Born alive infant" as "Person, human being, Child, Individual"
  • Acknowledges human rights of any child born within the United States.[5]
  • "Born Alive" is defined as the complete expulsion of an infant at any stage of development that has a heartbeat, pulsation of the umbilical cord, breath, or voluntary muscle movement, no matter if the umbilical cord has been cut or if the expulsion of the infant was natural, induced labor, cesarean section, or induced abortion.
  • Decisions may continue to be made by medical professionals as to whether to resuscitate an infant based on medical efficacy, but not in regard to the legal standing of the patient.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h107-2175
  2. ^ Bill history at the Library of Congress
  3. ^ President Signs Born-Alive Infants Protection Act, White House press release, 2002-08-05.
  4. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-18. Retrieved 2008-11-03.
  5. ^ https://www.congress.gov/107/crpt/hrpt186/CRPT-107hrpt186.pdf