Born to Expire

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Born to Expire
Leeway borntoexpire.jpg
Studio album by Leeway
Released January, 1989
Recorded November, 1987
Normandy Sound,
Warren, Rhode Island, USA
Genre Crossover thrash, hardcore punk
Length 37:44
Label Profile Records/Rock Hotel
Another Planet (reissue)
Producer Chris Williamson
Leeway chronology
Born to Expire
Desperate Measures
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 2.5/5 stars[1]
Kerrang! 5/5 stars [2]

Born to Expire is the debut album from New York City band, Leeway.

It was recorded in November, 1987. Delays postponed its release to January, 1989 – jointly on Rock Hotel and Profile Records. It was followed up by Desperate Measures in 1991. In 1996, Another Planet re-issued the album on the same CD as Desperate Measures.


Lyrically and vocally, Leeway were firmly rooted in the hardcore punk genre as could also be seen by the company they chose to keep – Corrosion of Conformity, Bad Brains, Circle Jerks, Sick Of It All, and Prong to name but a few. Musically, however, it was most definitely metal and a compromise label of thrash/crossover was achieved but still left a few questions unanswered. In truth, many fans of both genres had their likes and dislikes – even between songs.

Guitarist and songwriter, A.J. Novello, had this to say on the dichotomy caused by this album:

Most of the songs are played at thrash metal pace but at hardcore punk-style track lengths. The band even had time to experiment with rap and funk on "Catholic High School".

Guitarist Michael Gibbons spoke about the album's signature guitar sound:

Track listing[edit]

All tracks written by Eddie Sutton and A.J. Novello, except where noted.

No. Title Length
1. "Rise and Fall" (Sutton, Novello, Ackerman) 3:54
2. "Mark of the Squealer" 3:40
3. "Be Loud" 2:18
4. "On the Outside" 3:25
5. "Defy You" 3:09
6. "Enforcer" 3:48
7. "Tools for War" 3:08
8. "Born to Expire" 4:07
9. "Marathon" 2:14
10. "Self Defense" 1:25
11. "Catholic High School (Girls in Trouble)" 2:01
12. "Unexpected" 4:35


  • Eddie Sutton – vocals
  • A.J. Novello – guitar
  • Michael Gibbons – guitar
  • Zowie – bass
  • Tony Fontão – drums
  • Recorded in November, 1987 at Normandy Sound, Warren, Rhode Island, USA
  • Produced by Chris Williamson
  • Engineered by Tom Soares
  • Assistant engineered by Jamie Locke
  • Cover art by Bevin Stone
  • Mastered by Howie Weinberg at Masterdisk, New York City, USA
  • Re-issue re-mastered by Alan Douches at West Westside Music


  1. ^ Anderson, Alex. "Leeway Born to Expire review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2011-10-18. 
  2. ^ Esposito, Ed (21 January 1989). "Leeway 'Born to Expire'". Kerrang!. 222. London, UK: Spotlight Publications ltd. p. 21. 
  3. ^ Eric Wielander's liner notes from the 1996 Another Planet re-issue of Born to Expire/Desperate Measures
  4. ^ 2014 interview with Michael Gibbons on

External links[edit]