Borneo python

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Python breitensteini
Python breitensteini.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Pythonidae
Genus: Python
Species: P. breitensteini
Binomial name
Python breitensteini
Steindachner, 1880
  • Python breitensteini Steindachner, 1880
  • Python curtus breitensteini
    Stull, 1935
  • Python curtus breitensteini
    Stimson, 1969[2]
  • Python breitensteini
    Keogh, Barker & Shine, 2001

The Borneo python (Python breitensteini ) is a species of non venomous python[3] endemic to the island of Borneo.[1][2] Other common names include Bornean short python[4] and Borneo short-tailed python.[1]


The specific name, breitensteini, is in honor of Heinrich Breitenstein, a German physician and naturalist who collected amphibians and reptiles in Borneo.[5]



Adults of P. breitensteini have been reported to attain a total length (including tail) of 2.1 m (7 ft), although they are usually no more than 1.2 m (4 ft). Heavy-bodied, they can weigh as much as 13.6 kg (30 lb). Females are generally larger than males. The head is broad with several thermoreceptive pits along the nose. The tail is short and tapering.

The color pattern is usually tan with brown blotching, which varies greatly. Though no instances of albinism have been reported, a few individuals display a significantly lighter color, appearing more yellow than brown. Juveniles have a more contrasting pattern than adults. The head is usually yellow.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

P. breitensteini is found in Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia, on the island of Borneo.[1][2] Typically, they are found at lower elevations, on poorly drained flood plains, or on the edges of swampy areas; man-made irrigation of farmland has also provided appropriate habitat.


Hatchling egg tooth visible

While the Borneo python generally has a reputation for being mean-tempered, this species is increasing in popularity among reptile enthusiasts because captive-bred specimens are recognized as easier to handle than wild-caught snakes. Almost all of the early imported animals were animals originally caught for the skin trade.


For a while considered a subspecies of Python curtus, P. breitensteini was re-elevated to a full species by Keogh, Barker and Shine (2001).[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Inger RF, Iskandar D, Lilley R, Jenkins H, Das I (2012). "Python breitensteini ". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2012: e.T192013A2028005. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  3. ^ a b Python breitensteini at the Reptile Database. Accessed 29 December 2015.
  4. ^ Das 2006.
  5. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watson, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Python breitensteini, p. 38).

Further reading[edit]

  • Das I (2006). A Photographic Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of Borneo. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 144 pp. ISBN 0-88359-061-1. (Python breitensteini, p. 16).
  • Keogh JS, Barker DG, Shine R (2001). "Heavily Exploited but Poorly Known: Systematics and Biogeography of Commercially Harvested Pythons (Python curtus group) in Southeast Asian". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 73: 113-129.
  • Steindachner F (1880) ("1881"). "Über eine neue Pythonart (Python Breitensteini) aus Borneo". Sitzungberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. Abtheilung I. (Vienna) 82: 267-268. (Python breitensteini, new species).

External links[edit]