The village's name describes what it originally was – the green to which the people of what was then the borough of Wrotham went for recreation. There is also a view that "borough", which predates any borough council in the area, relates to barrow, possibly referring to the Roman remains near the station site. Its location at a crossroads (the old route from Gravesend to Hastings crossed here) meant that inns were gradually opened:
- 1586 Red Lion (now closed)
- 1592 Black Bull, later the Black Horse, then The Black Horse and Hooden, and most recently The Black Horse again
- 1753 The Bull
- 1837 Fox & Hounds (now converted into private housing)
- 1860 The Rock (now converted into private housing)
- 1878 The Railway Hotel, later The Henry Simmonds, then Sainsbury's Local store.
The London, Chatham and Dover Railway opened its line to Maidstone on 1 June 1874, and a station named Wrotham and Borough Green was built. Later the names were reversed to Borough Green and Wrotham, in line with the position of the station within Borough Green, and the fact that Borough Green had outgrown Wrotham.
The River Bourne flows through the southern part of the parish. It once powered a paper mill at Basted.
- Catherine Crowe (1803–1876), novelist and playwright, was born Catherine Ann Stevens in Borough Green.
- Richard Dixon, a chemist who has done notable work on the thermal and optical properties of matter, was born in Borough Green on 25 December 1930.
- Richard Hearne (1908–1979), actor, comedian and writer, most famous as Mr Pastry a comical children's character, lived at Platt's Farm, Long Mill Lane in nearby St Mary Platt from the 1940s.
- Eva McLaren (1852–1921), suffragist and writer, died at Great Comp Cottage in Borough Green.
Potters Football Club of the Sevenoaks & District Premier Division is the village's foremost sports team. Potters FC currently operates one men's team, although it has close ties with Borough Green Junior Football Club, who runs teams from U7s through to U18s. Potters FC was founded in 2007 by the lifelong village resident and current manager, Henry Willard. It plays home games at its original ground of Potters Mede, on the A227 main road on the border of Borough Green and Wrotham. The club's home strip is white shirts/black shorts/black socks, whilst its away strip is dark blue and black striped shirts/black shorts/black socks.
Another sports team in the village is Borough Green Junior Football Club.
There are four congregations in Borough Green:
- Anglican – Church of England: The Church of the Good Shepherd, Quarry Hill Road
- Baptist – Association of Grace Baptist Churches (South East): Borough Green Baptist Church, High Street
- Roman Catholic – St Joseph's, Western Road
- Pentecostal – Liberty Church, meeting in the Village Hall
The village and nearby communities are served by Borough Green Primary School.
Borough Green had branches of two nationwide retail banks, both of which closed in 2017. Two supermarket chains remain, as do several independent retailers and teashops. There is a smaller store with a post office counter in the high street.
The Kent Village Book, Alan Bignell (Countryside Books, 1986). Borough Green Primary School website, (Accessed 03/03.2008) Borough Green Past and Present Published 1994. In K.C.C. library
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