Borovo, Croatia

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Borovo
Борово (Serbian)[2]
Municipality
Borovo Municipality
Općina Borovo[1]
Coat of arms of Borovo Борово (Serbian)[2]
Coat of arms
Location of Borovo Борово (Serbian)[2]
Borovo is located in Croatia
Borovo
Borovo
Location of Borovo in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°23′N 18°58′E / 45.383°N 18.967°E / 45.383; 18.967
Country  Croatia
Region Podunavlje
County Flag of Vukovar-Syrmia County.svg Vukovar-Srijem
Government
 • Municipal mayor Zoran Baćanović (SDSS[3])
Area
 • Total 28 km2 (11 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,056
 • Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 32227 Borovo
Area code(s) +032
Official languages Croatian, Serbian[4]
Website www.opcina-borovo.hr
Danube in Borovo
Borovo on map of Syrmia County from 1900

Borovo (Serbian Cyrillic: Борово),[5] (meaning "of the pines") locally known as Borovo selo (Borovo village, to distinguish it from relatively new nearby settlement of Borovo naselje), is a village and an eponymous municipality in Vukovar-Srijem County in eastern Croatia.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located on the Danube river, the second longest European river. The municipality has a total area of 28 km2 (10.8 sq mi). The territory of the municipality is almost completely flat, very fertile black soil. Borovo is closely related with neighboring Vukovar, to which it is physically connected. It is connected by the D519 highway to the rest of country.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Borovo Municipality has been inhabited since the Stone Age. In the younger Iron Age this region was settled by the Celts. During Roman times, several villages and the only crossing over the Danube in the empire existed in this area. Around 1540 Borovo was populated by Serbs who originated from the upper Drina and Polimlje.[6] The Church of St Stephen the Archdeacon was built between 1761 and 1764.

Borovo became an important regional industrial center during the existence of Yugoslavia. In the period between the two world wars, Bata Shoes opened one of their major factories in Borovo. In 1935 Borovo even included and airfield and Yugoslav airliner Aeroput connected the town with regular flights to Belgrade and Zagreb.[7]

After the collapse of Yugoslavia, a large part of the local industry also collapsed. The town have one of the three Serbian radio stations in the region called Radio Borovo.[citation needed]

In 1991, Borovo became the site of the Borovo Selo killings.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Borovo has a population of 5,056, with 89.73% of the population of Serb ethnicity (2011 census).[8]

Serbian Language[edit]

Serbian Language and Serbian Cyrillic alphabet is official language in the municipality Borovo along with the Croatian language.[1] According to the municipal Statute, members of Serbian national minority are ensured the freedom of expression of national belonging and freedom to use their language and script in public and private use on whole territory of the Municipality of Borovo.[1] The statute guarantees that Serbian Cyrillic alphabet will be used in the same font as Latin alphabet in text of seals and stamps, on plates of representative, executive and administrative bodies of municipality, as well as on those of legal persons with public authorities.[1] Local councillor, or a citizen have the right to get all materials bilingual and in the same font for and from the sessions of the municipal council.[1] According to the municipal Statute, on the entire territory of the Municipality of same font bilingual signs are used for written traffic signs and other written traffic markings, street and squares names and names of settlement and geographical localities.[1] Equal public use of Serbian language is required on the basis of European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages and relevant national laws.[2]

Politics[edit]

Multilateral cooperation[edit]

Borovo municipality is one of seven member municipalities of Joint Council of Municipalities, inter-municipal sui generis organization of Serbian community in eastern Croatia.

Municipality government[edit]

The municipality assembly is composed of 15 representatives. Assembly filled in by members of the electoral lists that win more than 5% of votes. At the local elections 2013 competed following parties:

Summary of the 19 May 2013 Croatian local elections
Party Votes % Seats
Independent Democratic Serb Party 994 57,78 9
Our Party 664 32,49 5
Serb People's Party 124 6,07 1
Social Democratic Party of Croatia 75 3,67 0
Invalid/blank votes 95 4,44
Total 2.144 100
Registered voters/turnout 4.533 47,30
Borovo Local Elections 2013.jpg
Source: Croatian Bureau of Statistics, p. 387, izbori.hr; accessed 2 May 2015.(Croatian)

Economy[edit]

Borovo development index is between 50-76% of the Croatian average,[9] and therefore, the municipality is part of the Areas of Special State Concern.[10]

Education[edit]

Elementary education[edit]

Elementary School in Borovo began with teaching assignments in 1853. In 1936, the new building was officially opened as the State Folk School of Knight King Alexander First Unifier.[6]

At that time, this school was the largest in Vukovar. After World War II the school's name was changed to Božidar Maslarić Elementary School.[6] Following the Erdut Agreement, the school changed its name again in 1997 and is known simply as Elementary School Borovo. In 2006, the school was thoroughly restored by the European Union and funded by the Croatian government.[6]

Culture[edit]

Points of Interest[edit]

Associations and Institutions[edit]

In the village exist a volunteer fire department Borovo.[11]

Sport[edit]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Twin municipalities – Sister municipalities[edit]

Other forms of cooperation[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Statut Općine Borovo" (PDF). Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
  3. ^ "PRIVREMENI NESLUŽBENI REZULTATI IZBORA ZA OPĆINSKOG NAČELNIKA - 19. SVIBNJA 2013" (in Croatian). Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  4. ^ Četvrto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima, page 60, Zagreb, 2009 (in Croatian).
  5. ^ "Minority names in Croatia: Registar Geografskih Imena Nacionalnih Manjina Republike Hrvatske" (PDF) (in Croatian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d Borovo profile, os-borovo.skole.hr; accessed 2 May 2015.(Croatian)
  7. ^ Drustvo za Vazdusni Saobracaj A D – Aeroput at europeanairlines.no
  8. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Vukovar-Sirmium". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  9. ^ Borovo profile, zadra.hr; accessed 2 May 2015.(Croatian)
  10. ^ Borovo profile, pravo.unizg.hr; accessed 2 May 2015.(Croatian)
  11. ^ http://www.vukovarsko-srijemska-zupanija.com/upload/paragrafi_upload/2009-4-17_31616186_prilog9popisvatrogpostrnovi.pdf
  12. ^ a b c d "U Borovu obeleženi Dan opštine i Dan škole". Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "ПОТПИСАН СПОРАЗУМ О БРАТИМЉЕЊУ ОПШТИНА БОРОВО (РХ) И ОПШТИНА ПЕТРОВО (РС)" (PDF). Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Novosti-Zajedno do novca iz fondova EU-a" (PDF). Retrieved 2 May 2015.