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Borphukan (Ahom language: Phu-Kan-Lung) was one of the five patra mantris (councillors) in the Ahom kingdom, a position that was created by the Ahom king Prataap Singha. The position included both executive and judicial powers, with jurisdiction of the Ahom kingdom west of Kaliabor river. The headquarters of Borphukan was based in Kaliabor and later shifted to Itakhuli in Guwahati during Lachit Borphukan period after the Mughals were ousted from Guwahati. This position was particularly important and powerful because of its distance from the Ahom capital, giving it a semblance of independence. The region to the east of Kaliabor was governed by the Borbarua.
The Borphukan's residence was situated in the present Fansi Bazaar area of Guwahati. The council-hall, called Dopdar, was situated about 300 yards west of the Bharalu stream. The Borphukan's council was similar to the council-hall (Bor-Chora) at the cipital and consisted of six Phukans collectively called the Guwahatiya or Dopdariya Phukan. The Borphukan was assisted in administration by the Majindar Baruah (equivalent to a private secretary) whose residence was at the current Deputy Commissioner's residence.
List of Borphukans
- Langi Panisiya Borphukan
- Lan Mung Shen
- Chiring Piksai Borphukan
- Domai Deka Borphukan
- Langi Borphukan
- Piksai Borphukan
- Chengmun Borphukan (Garhgayan Raja-Sahur)
- Pelan Borphukan (Ghora Konwar)
- Lachit Borphukan (Lakhurakhun clan)
- Laluksola Borphukan (Lakhurakhun clan)
- Bandar Borphukan (Lanmakharu clan)
- Kashi Borphukan
- Lahan Borphukan
- Haranath Borphukan
- Gogoi Borphukan
- Medhi Borphukan
- Sivanath Borphukan
- Burha Chetia Borphukan
- Ghinai Badanchandra Borphukan
- Gendhela Kaliabhomora Borphukan
- Badan Chandra Borphukan
- Dihingia Ghanashayam Borphukan
- Baruah 1993, pp. 200–201.
- Baruah, Swarna Lata (1993). Last Days of Ahom Monarchy: A History of Assam from 1769 to 1826. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Limited. ISBN 978-81-215-0462-1.
- Gogoi, Padmeshwar (1968). The Tai and the Tai kingdoms. Gauhati University, Guwahati.