Borrelia afzelii

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Borrelia afzelii
Borrelia burgdorferi-cropped.jpg
Borrelia burgdorferi by dark-field microscopy, spirochete grows 400 times, the causative agent of Lyme disease
Scientific classification edit
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Spirochaetes
Order: Spirochaetales
Family: Spirochaetaceae
Genus: Borrelia
B. afzelii
Binomial name
Borrelia afzelii
Manuela Marin Canica et al., 1994

Borrelia afzelii is a species of Borrelia[1] a bacterium that can infect various species of vertebrates and invertebrates.

Among 30 Borrelia known species, it is one of four which are likely to infect humans causing a variant of Lyme disease.

Coinfection by this Borrelia species with one or more pathogens can occur, carried by the vector, which appears to be in most cases the tick.

It is named after Swedish dermatologist Arvid Afzelius.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bunikis J, Garpmo U, Tsao J, Berglund J, Fish D, Barbour AG (June 2004). "Sequence typing reveals extensive strain diversity of the Lyme borreliosis agents Borrelia burgdorferi in North America and Borrelia afzelii in Europe". Microbiology. 150 (Pt 6): 1741–55. doi:10.1099/mic.0.26944-0. PMID 15184561.

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