Borrelia miyamotoi

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Borrelia miyamotoi
Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Spirochaetes
Class: Spirochaetes
Order: Spirochaetales
Family: Spirochaetaceae
Genus: Borrelia
Species: B. miyamotoi
Binomial name
Borrelia miyamotoi
Fukunaga et al. 1995

Borrelia miyamotoi is a spirochete bacterium in the genus Borrelia.[1] A zoonotic bacterium, B. miyamotoi can be transferred to humans through the hard (Ixodes) ticks, the same tick species that spread B. burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme disease, and Babesia microti, the causative agent of babesiosis. Although infection can cause some similar symptoms including fever, headache, fatigue, and muscle aches, acute Lyme disease often presents with rash, while infection with B. miyamotoi does not; it remains unclear whether B. miyamotoi causes a relapsing fever syndrome.[2]

Etymology[edit]

A genus of Gram-negative, anaerobic, spirochete bacteria, Borrelia was named after French biologist Amédée Borrel. In 1995, Masahito Fukunaga et al. isolated a novel Borrelia species and named it Borrelia miyamotoi in honor of Kenji Miyamoto, who first isolated spirochetes from ixodid ticks in Hokkaido, Japan.[3]

References[edit]

This article incorporates public domain text from the CDC as cited.

  1. ^ Platonov, AE (2011). "Humans Infected with Relapsing Fever Spirochete Borrelia miyamotoi, Russia" (PDF). Emerg Infect Dis. 17 (Epub ahead of print): 1816–1823. doi:10.3201/eid1710.101474. 
  2. ^ Branda, John A.; Rosenberg, Eric S. (July 2013). "Borrelia miyamotoi: A Lesson in Disease Discovery". Annals of Internal Medicine. 159 (1): 61–62. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-159-1-201307020-00009. PMID 23817704. 
  3. ^ Editorial Staff (August 2014). "Etymologia: Borrelia miyamotoi". Emerg Infect Dis [Internet]. CDC. 20 (8): 1390. doi:10.3201/eid2008.ET2008. Retrieved 25 July 2014.