Nemzeti Bajnokság I

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Nemzeti Bajnokság I
OTP Bank Liga logo.png
Country  Hungary
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1901
Number of teams 12
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Nemzeti Bajnokság II
Domestic cup(s) Magyar Kupa
Hungarian Super Cup
League cup(s) Ligakupa
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions Videoton (2 titles)
(2014–15)
Most championships Ferencváros (28 titles)
TV partners M4
Duna TV
Duna World
Website Magyar Labdarúgó Szövetség
2015–16 Nemzeti Bajnokság I

The Nemzeti Bajnokság is the Hungarian professional league for association football clubs. The league is currently known as the OTP Bank Liga for sponsorship reasons,[1] and it is the highest level of professional league since its inception in 1901. UEFA currently ranks the league 29th in Europe.[2]

Sixteen teams compete in the league, playing each other twice, once at home and once away. At the end of the season, the top team enters the qualification for the UEFA Champions League, while the runner-up and the third placed, together with the winner of the Hungarian Cup enters the UEFA Europa League qualification round. The bottom two clubs are relegated to Nemzeti Bajnokság II, the second-level league, to be replaced by the winner and the runner up of the NB2.

History[edit]

On 19 January 1901, the Hungarian Football Federation was founded. The first match was played between Budapesti TC and Budapesti SC in the first season of the Hungarian League in 1901. The first championship included five teams such as Budapesti TC, Magyar Úszó Egylet, Ferencváros, Műegyetemi AFC (was withdrawn after four matches), and Budapesti SC, all from the capital city Budapest. The first championship was won by Budapesti TC.[3] Although the two first championships were won by Budapesti TC, the 1900s was the beginning of the rivalry between Ferencváros and MTK Budapest.[4]

In the 1910s the rivalry between Ferencváros and MTK Budapest continued. During the 1910s Schlosser became top goal scorer seven times who played for both Ferencváros and MTK Budapest. Schlosser has third position in all-time Hungarian league scorers and has the most of "the best goalscorer" titles.[5]

The 1920s were also dominated by Ferencváros and MTK Budapest. Ferencváros's Takács became top goalscorer four times during the 1920s becoming the second icon for the club. MTK Budapest was led by Orth who became top goalscorer three times in the 1920s.[6]

In the 1930s, the rivalry between Ferencváros and MTK Budapest expanded with another club, Újpest FC (at that time not part of Budapest). One of the most iconic figure of the 1930s Hungarian football was Újpest's Zsengellér who managed to top goalscorer three times in a row in the 1930s. Ferencváros's Sárosi and MTK Budapest's Cseh and Újpest's Zsengellér were the embodiment of the rivalry of the three clubs from Budapest, named Budapest derby.[7]

In the 1940s, Csepel could win its first title which was followed by two other titles in 1942 and 1943. During the World War II there were no interruptions in the Hungarian league. Due to the expansion of the territories of the country, new clubs could re-join the league such as Nagyvárad and Kolozsvár. The second half of the 1940s was dominated by Újpest by winning the championship in 1945, 1946 and 1947.[8]

Ferenc Puskás scored 352 goals in 341 matches for Budapest Honvéd

In the 1950s, the dominance of Ferencváros and MTK weakened by the emergence of Honvéd with players such as Puskás, Bozsik, Czibor and Budai. Later these players played in the final of the 1954 FIFA World Cup. In the 1950s, Honvéd could win the championship five times. During the early 1950s, Honvéd players formed the backbone of the legendary Mighty Magyars. In 1956 the Hungarian league was suspended due to the Hungarian Revolution. The league was led by Honvéd after 21 rounds but the championship has never been finished.[9] In the first season (1955-56) of the European Cup, MTK Budapest reached the quarter-finals while in the 1957-58 season Vasas Budapest played in the semi-finals of the European Cup.

In the 1960s, the rivalry between the clubs from Budapest expanded with Vasas. Vasas could win four titles in the 1960s (1961, 1962, 1965 and 1966). Ferencváros was led by Albert who became top goal scorer in 1965 and also was named European Footballer of the Year in 1967. The 1960s can be considered as the most successful period of the Hungarian clubs on international turf. In 1965 Ferencváros became the most successful team of the Hungarian League in the European competitions having won the 1964-65 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. In addition, Albert was named European Footballer of the Year in 1967. He is the most successful Ferencváros since the formation of the club, scoring 255 goals in 351 matches from 1958–74.[10]

Ferencváros legend Albert with Vasas legend Mészöly in the 1970s

The 1970s is associated with Baróti's Újpest since the club could win seven titles. In the 1973-74 European Cup season Újpest reached the semi-finals where Bayern Munich stopped their campaign. The key of the Magic Újpest was famous forward formation of Fazekas, Göröcs, Bene, Dunai II, Zámbó. Bene became the leader of Újpest and also top goalscorer three times in the 1970s. He also led the Hungarian national football team to win the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. Újpest set new post-war records by scoring 500 goals in the seven seasons or losing only 4 home matches in 10 seasons. Törőcsik and Fekete joined Újpest after Göröcs, Bene and Dunai left the team. In 1978 and 1979 they won the Hungarian title again with former player Várhidi as the head coach. The Újpest fans called Törökcsik (or Törö) as the 'magician' since he was able to make unbelieveble dribbles, unexpected assists to teammates. László Fekete won the European Silver shoe.[11]

In 1982 Győr won the championship becoming the first non-Budapest team who could win the Hungarian league (except Nagyvárad during the World War II). Győr could repeat the triumph in the following year in 1983. However, the 1980s was dominated by Honvéd who celebrated its second heyday during the 1980s.[12]

Due to the collapse of the Communist era the Hungarian football clubs lost the support of the state. Therefore, many clubs faced with financial problems which effects are still present in the Hungarian football. However, the 1990s were still dominated by the 'traditional' clubs of the championships such Ferencváros, MTK, Újpest. Frencváros finished always in the top three, except for the 1993–94 season, when they finished 4th. The financial problems affected the performance of the clubs outside the Hungarian League as well. Hungarian clubs could not compete with the European counterparts. Moreover, the Bosman ruling also had a deep impact on the Hungarian League. Since big European clubs could invest loads of money into football, clubs from the Eastern Bloc were restricted to employ only home nationals.[13]

In the 2000s new clubs became champions, mainly from rural Hungary. In 2002 Bozsik's Zalaegerszeg won the championship.[14][15] Debrecen won the Hungarian league in 2005,[16] 2006,[17][18] 2007,[19][20] 2009,[21] 2010.[22] In 2008 MTK could win.[23]

The dominance of the rural clubs continued in the 2010s. In 2011 [24] and 2015 [25] Székesfehérvár's Videoton won the championship. In 2013 [26] Győr and in 2014 [27] Debrecen could win the Hungarian League title.

Format[edit]

The number of teams in the Hungarian First Division has changed a number of times. The league started in 1901 with five teams and with the formation of teams the league expanded continuously. In the 1919–20 season there were 15 teams competing for the title. Currently, there are 12 teams in the first division.[citation needed]

Name changes and sponsorship[edit]

The league went through various name changes depending on the sponsor for the given season(s):

Year Name Sponsor
1997–98 Raab-Karcher NB1 Raab-Karcher
1998–00 Professzionális Nemzeti Bajnokság None
2001–03 Borsodi Liga Borsodi
2003–05 Arany Ászok Liga Arany Ászok
2005–07 Borsodi Liga Borsodi
2007–10 Soproni Liga Soproni sör
2010–11 Monicomp liga Monicomp
2011– OTP Bank Liga OTP Bank

Hungarian National Championship clubs 2014-15[edit]

Location of teams in 2014–15 Nemzeti Bajnokság I
Location of Budapest teams
Club
Home ground Position
in 2013–14
Budapest Honvéd FC Bozsik Stadion, Budapest 9th
Debreceni VSC Nagyerdei Stadion, Debrecen 1st
Diósgyőri VTK DVTK Stadion, Miskolc 5th
Dunaújváros PASE Dunaferr Arena, Dunaújváros 2nd, NBII
Ferencvárosi TC Stadion Albert Flórián, Budapest 3rd
Győri ETO FC Stadion ETO, Győr 2nd
Kecskeméti TE Széktói Stadion, Kecskemét 10th
Lombard-Pápa TFC Stadion Várkerti, Pápa 12th
MTK Budapest FC Hidegkuti Nándor Stadium, Budapest 8th
Nyíregyháza Spartacus FC Városi Stadion, Nyíregyháza 1st, NBII
Paksi SE Stadion PSE, Paks 11th
Pécsi Mecsek FC Stadium of Újmecsekalja, Pécs 7th
Puskás FC Pancho Arena, Felcsút 14th
Szombathelyi Haladás Rohonci úti Stadion, Szombathely 6th
Újpest FC Szusza Ferenc Stadium, Budapest 13th
Videoton FC Stadion Sóstói, Székesfehérvár 4th

Champions[edit]

The following clubs have won Nemzeti Bajnokság I title since its inception in 1901.[29]

No. Club Winners Winning years
1.
Ferencváros
28
1903, 1905, 1907, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1932, 1934, 1938,
1940, 1941, 1949, 1963, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1976, 1981, 1992, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2004
2.
MTK Budapest
23
1904, 1908, 1914, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1929, 1936,
1937, 1951, 1953, 1958, 1987, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2008
3.
Újpest
20
1930, 1931, 1933, 1935, 1939, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1960, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973,
1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1990, 1998
4.
Budapest Honvéd
13
1950 (I), 1950 (II), 1952, 1954, 1955, 1980, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993
5.
Debrecen
7
2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2014
6.
Vasas Budapest
6
1957, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1977
7.
Győr
4
1963, 1982, 1983, 2013
Csepel
4
1942, 1943, 1948, 1959
9.
Budapesti TC
2
1901, 1902
Videoton
2
2011, 2015
11.
Nagyvárad
1
1944
Vác
1
1994
Dunaferr
1
2000
Zalaegerszeg
1
2002

In the Hungarian League three teams include two stars as part of their crest appearing on their shirt to represent the trophies won by the club. After ten Hungarian League titles the club can include one star on their crest. There are four clubs who are entitled to wear one or two stars on their crest. MTK was the first club who celebrated its 10th title in 1922, but at that time the clubs did not put stars on their badge. It was Ferencváros who was first entitled to wear the second star in 1967. Now there are three clubs (Ferencváros, MTK and Újpest) with two stars and one club (Honvéd) with one star.[citation needed]

Stars Club Obtained
Star full.svgStar full.svg MTK Budapest 1922–23, 1996–97
Star full.svgStar full.svg Ferencváros 1926–27, 1967
Star full.svgStar full.svg Újpest 1969, 1997–98
Star full.svg Budapest Honvéd 1987–88

Clubs[edit]

The following clubs, 102 in total, have participated in the Hungarian League since its inception in 1901.[30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38]

Notes
  • The teams in bold are competing in the 2015–16 season of the Hungarian League.

Records[edit]

Top scorers[edit]

Correct as of 3 October 2014.[39]

# Name Period Clubs Goals Matches Average
1. Ferenc Szusza 1940–1961 Újpesti Dózsa 393 462 0,85
2. Gyula Zsengellér 1935–1947 Salgótarjáni BTC, Újpesti Dózsa 387 327 1,18
3. Imre Schlosser 1906–1915, 1916–1922, 1926–1927 Ferencváros, MTK Budapest 361 258 1,40
4. József Takács 1920–1938 Vasas Budapest, Ferencváros 359 221 1,62
5. Ferenc Puskás 1943–1956 Budapest Honvéd 358 349 1,03
6. György Sárosi 1931–1948 Ferencváros 351 383 0,92
7. Gyula Szilágyi 1943–1960 Debrecen, Vasas Budapest 313 390 0,80
8. Ferenc Deák 1944-1954 Szentlőrinc, Ferencváros, Újpest 313 232 1,31
9. Ferenc Bene 1961-1978 Újpest 303 418 0,72
10. Géza Toldi 1927-1946 Ferencváros, Gamma, Szeged, Zugló 271 324 0,84
11. Flórián Albert 1959-1974 Ferencváros 256 351 0,73
12. László Fazekas 1965-1980 Újpest 251 408 0,62
13. Sándor Kocsis 1946–1956 Ferencváros, Budapest Honvéd 247 249 0,99
14. Lajos Tichy 1953-1971 Budapest Honvéd 247 320 0,77
15. Mihály Kozma 1969–1984 Szeged, Budapest Honvéd 234 384 0,61

Leading top scorers[edit]

Correct as of 2014-15.[40]

Once

Once

Twice

3 times

4 times

5 times

7 times

Note: Active footballers are in bold.

Stadia[edit]

Players[edit]

All-time appearances
# Player Appearances
1. Hungary Zoltán Végh 570
2. Hungary Attila Kuttor 560
3. Hungary Béla Illés 540
4. Hungary György Szabó 510
5. Hungary Ferenc Szusza 463
6. Hungary Gergely Kocsárdi 458
7. Hungary István Gass 456
Hungary József Tóth 456
9. Hungary Sándor Biró 450
10. Hungary József Bozsik 447
(Italics denotes players still playing professional football)
Bold denotes players still playing in the Hungarian League).

One of the most notable players of the Hungarian League was Ferenc Puskás who played for Budapest Honvéd. He played for Honvéd from 1943 to 1955 and then for Real Madrid. He made his first senior appearance for Kispest in November 1943 in a match against Nagyváradi AC.[41] He played 341 matches and scored 352 goals in the Hungarian league.

In the early years of the Hungarian league Imre Schlosser was the most well-known football player. He played for both Ferencváros and MTK Budapest. He became top goalscorer seven times (1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, and 1917) and European top-scorer four times (1911, 1912, 1913, and 1914). From 1927 to 1928 he played for BVSC Budapest.

In the 1960s Ferencváros's Flórián Albert became top goalscorer of the Hungarian League three times. He received the Ballon d'Or (the Golden Ball) as the European Footballer of the Year in 1967. He has been the only Hungarian football player to receive this honour. He has been described as one of the most elegant footballers of all time. Albert became an icon for Ferencváros since he spent his career only with the gree-whites. The stadium of the Ferencváros (Albert Stadion) was named after him.

Between 1945−46 László Kubala (later becoming a legend of FC Barcelona) played for Ferencváros scoring 27 goals in 49 matches.

Between 2000-04 Zoltán Gera played for Ferencváros scoring 34 goals in 123 matches.[42] Later he became a permanent player of the Premier League playing for West Bromwich Albion F.C.[43] and Fulham F.C.).

Foreign players[edit]

In the Hungarian League the players are mainly from Hungary, but since the accession to the European Union the number of foreign players doubled. The players are mainly from the neighbouring EU countries such as Slovakia, Romania and Slovenia, and non-EU neighbouring countries such as Ukraine, Serbia, and Croatia. There are many players from Africa, mainly from countries such as Mali, Senegal, and Côte d'Ivoire. In the 2010s there is a growth in the number of Western European players. During the ownership of Kevin McCabe at Ferencváros numerous footballers participated from the England in the Nemzeti Bajnokság. The arrival of the Portuguese Paulo Sousa to Videoton triggered the signing of numerous Portuguese and Spanish players to the Nemzeti Bajnokság.[citation needed]

Among the most well-known foreign players is the three-time Serie A top goal scorer Giuseppe Signori who played for FC Sopron scoring three goals in 10 matches in the 2005−06 season. He retired from the Western-Hungarian club in 2006.[44]

Managers[edit]

In European competitions[edit]

Ranking[edit]

The national league rankings for the 2015/16 season of UEFA competitions is based upon results in UEFA competitions from the 2010/11 through 2014/14 seasons.[45]

Rank
2015
Rank
2014
Mvmt. Member association
(L: League, C: Cup, LC: League cup1)
2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14 2014–15 Coeff. Teams
CL places EL places Total
29 32 Rise +3 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan (L, C) 2.000 1.375 3.000 2.500 3.625 12.500 0/4
30 30 Same position Slovakia Slovakia (L, C) 3.000 2.375 1.500 1.625 2.750 11.250 0/4
31 28 Fall –3 Hungary Hungary (L, C) 2.750 2.250 3.000 0.875 2.125 11.000 0/4
32 34 Rise +2 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan (L, C) 0.875 1.625 1.375 3.125 3.375 10.375 0/4
33 31 Fall –2 Moldova Moldova (L, C) 2.125 0.500 2.250 3.375 1.750 10.000 0/4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Az NB I új neve: Monicomp Liga". Hungarian Football Association. Retrieved 6 October 2010. 
  2. ^ Country coefficients 2011/12
  3. ^ "1901.évi bajnokság". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1901-1910". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1911-1920". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1921-1930". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1931-1940". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1941-1950". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1951-1960". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1961-1970". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1971-1980". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1981-1990". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1991-2000". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Hungary round-up: Zalaegerszeg zoom to top". UEFA.com. 4 May 2002. Retrieved 4 May 2002. 
  15. ^ "Hungary round-up: All too easy for Zalaegerszeg". UEFA.com. 15 March 2002. Retrieved 15 March 2002. 
  16. ^ "First at last for Debrecen". UEFA.com. 20 May 2005. 
  17. ^ "Debrecen clinch title at the death". UEFA. 3 June 2006. 
  18. ^ "Debrecen did it again". UEFA. 19 June 2006. 
  19. ^ "Debrecen sign off in style". UEFA. 4 June 2007. 
  20. ^ "Debrecen awaits victory parade". UEFA. 16 May 2007. 
  21. ^ "Debrecen wrap up Hungarian honours". UEFA. 23 May 2009. 
  22. ^ "Debrecen complete double with Hungarian Cup". UEFA. 26 May 2010. 
  23. ^ "MTK claim title after five-year wait". UEFA. 26 May 2008. 
  24. ^ "Hungarian League 2010–11: Champions Videoton proud of historic success". UEFA.com. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  25. ^ "Videoton champions of Hungary again". UEFA.com. 4 May 2015. 
  26. ^ "Gutsy Győr crowned Hungarian champions". UEFA.com. 12 May 2013. 
  27. ^ "Debrecen crowned champions of Hungary". UEFA.com. 1 June 2014. 
  28. ^ "MLSZ: 12 csapattal indul az NB I, dán modell a lebonyolításban". Nemzeti Sport. 2 June 2015. 
  29. ^ "Hungary - List of Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  30. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1901-1910". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  31. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1911-1920". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  32. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1921-1930". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  33. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1931-1940". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  34. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1941-1950". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  35. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1951-1960". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  36. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1961-1970". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  37. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1971-1980". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  38. ^ "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1981-1996". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  39. ^ "Hungary - All-Time Topscorers". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  40. ^ "Hungary - Topscorers". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. 
  41. ^ Glanville, Brian (17 November 2006). "Obituary: Ferenc Puskas". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2006-11-27. 
  42. ^ "Gera sticks with Ferencváros". UEFA.com. 20 January 2003. Retrieved 20 January 2003. 
  43. ^ "Gera coup for West Brom". UEFA.com. 30 July 2004. Retrieved 30 July 2004. 
  44. ^ "Signori coup for Sopron". UEFA.com. 20 October 2005. Retrieved 20 October 2005. 
  45. ^ "UEFA Country Ranking 2015". xs4all.nl. 2 June 2015. 

External links[edit]