Borth

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Borth
Borth - 2008-03-01.jpg
Borth with Cors Fochno, the River Dyfi estuary and Aberdyfi in the background
Borth is located in Ceredigion
Borth
Borth
Borth shown within Ceredigion
Population 1,399 (2011).[1]
OS grid reference SN608894
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Borth
Postcode district SY24
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Ceredigion
52°29′07″N 4°03′04″W / 52.48533°N 4.05103°W / 52.48533; -4.05103Coordinates: 52°29′07″N 4°03′04″W / 52.48533°N 4.05103°W / 52.48533; -4.05103

Borth (Welsh: Y Borth), is a village 7 miles north of Aberystwyth in Ceredigion, Mid Wales, on the Ceredigion Coast Path. The population was 1,399 in 2011.

Features and history[edit]

Borth has a sandy beach and is a holiday seaside resort. There is a youth hostel in the village and caravan and camping sites nearby.

An ancient submerged forest is visible at low tide along the beach, where stumps of oak, pine, birch, willow and hazel (preserved by the acid anaerobic conditions in the peat) can be seen. Radiocarbon dating suggests these trees died about 1500 BC.[2] This submerged forest[3] is also associated with the legend of Cantre'r Gwaelod. [4] [5]

Cors Fochno, a raised peat mire, part of the Dyfi Biosphere,[6] the only UNESCO Biosphere reserve in Wales, is located next to the village together with the Dyfi National Nature Reserve and visitors' centre at Ynyslas.[citation needed] A long-distance footpath, the Dyfi Valley Way, passes through the village.

On 4 April 1876, the entire Uppingham School in Rutland, England, consisting of 300 boys, 30 masters and their families, moved to Borth for a period of 14 months, taking over the disused Cambrian Hotel and a large number of boarding houses, to avoid a typhoid epidemic.[7]

Amenities and functions[edit]

The town's main line railway station is served by the Cambrian Line. The station building houses Borth Station Museum, which displays community and railway historical artifacts and temporary exhibitions.[8]. The museum is run by volunteers. Borth is also the location of the Borth Animalarium and Borth and Ynyslas Golf Club.

The Borth inshore lifeboat (ILB) station was established in 1966 at the southern end of the beach.

The village war memorial above a cliff south of the beach, was struck by lightning on 21 March 1983 and had to be rebuilt.[9]

In 2008 and 2009 Borth hosted The Square Festival.[citation needed]

In 2011 work commenced on the first phase of the £12 million coastal protection scheme along the Borth to Ynyslas coastline,[10] which was finished in 2015.

Governance[edit]

An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward stretches south-easterly to Geneu'r Glyn The total population of the ward at the 2011 Census was 2,078.[11] Borth is also the name of a ward on the current Ceredigion County Council, which covers the communities of Borth and Llandre.

Local government history[edit]

Borth had a representative on Cardiganshire County Council from its formation in 1889. The first councillor elected was the Rev. Enoch Watkin James, Brynderwen, a Liberal candidate and Calvinistic Methodist minister. Following his election in January 1889, according to a local newspaper, "flags were generally displayed and after nightfall bonfires lighted, fireworks discharged, houses illuminated and hundreds of people paraded the streets up to a late hour. About six o'clock, the rev. gentlemen and friends were drawn in an open carriage through the village and, addressing the assembly, said that the day was rapidly approaching when laws would be made by the people for the people."[12]

From the 1970s until his death in 2001, Borth was represented on Ceredigion District Council and, latterly, Ceredigion County Council, by Tom Raw-Rees.

Welsh language[edit]

According to both the 1991 and 2001 censuses, 43 per cent of the residents of Borth are Welsh-speakers.

In popular culture[edit]

  • The 1976 award-winning children's fantasy novel A String in the Harp, by the American author Nancy Bond, is set in Borth and the surrounding countryside.[13]
  • Borth, Borth bog, and the Borth railway station form the backdrop to the main storyline in Season 1, Episode 4 ("The Girl in the Water") of Y Gwyll (Hinterland in English), transmitted on S4C in 2013 and BBC1 Wales in January 2014.

Notable residents[edit]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "BBC NEWS - UK - Wales - Mid - Experts look for 'watery kingdom'". News.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2015. 
  3. ^ BBC Programme clip about the Submerged Forest
  4. ^ "Coast - Submerged Forest". BBC. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  5. ^ Video BBC Video: Programme clip about Cantre'r Gwaelod
  6. ^ "Hafan". Biosfferdyfi.org.uk. Retrieved 10 January 2015. 
  7. ^ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/18036/18036.txt Uppingham by the Sea, a Narrative of the Year at Borth, Author: John Henry Skrine, Release Date 22 March 2006 from Project Gutenberg
  8. ^ "Borth Station Museum". Borth Station Museum. Retrieved 2018-07-06. 
  9. ^ "BBC - Domesday Reloaded: The War Memorial, Borth, from 1986". domesday. Retrieved 10 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "Borth Coastal Defence - Written by Ceredigion County Council". 2010-10-12. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  11. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  12. ^ "Cardiganshire County Council". Cambrian News. 25 January 1889. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  13. ^ Nancy Bond, A String in the Harp, Atheneum, 1976.