Borys Paton

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Borys Yevhenovych Paton
HOU
Борис Євгенович Патон
Boris Paton.jpg
Borys Paton in 2010
Born (1918-11-27) November 27, 1918 (age 100)
NationalityUkrainian
CitizenshipUkraine
Alma materKiev Polytechnic Institute
Known forstudies in metallurgy of electrical welding; President of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (since 1962)
Spouse(s)Olha Paton
ChildrenYevhenia
AwardsHero of Ukraine Hero of Socialist Labor medal.png Hero of Socialist Labor medal.pngLomonosov Gold Medal (1980)
Scientific career
FieldsMetallurgy
InstitutionsPaton Electrical-Welding Institute, International Association of Science Academies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
InfluencesYevhen Paton

Borys Yevhenovych Paton HOU (Ukrainian: Борис Євгенович Патон) (born November 27, 1918) is the long-term chairman of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He was appointed to this post in 1962. Paton was re-appointed for another term in office in 2015.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Kyiv in the family of scientist and founder of Paton Institute of Electric Welding in Kyiv, Professor Evgeny Oscarovich Paton. His mother was a housewife. In 1941, he completed Kyiv Polytechnic Institute and became an engineer. Paton joined the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine on November 18, 1958 and is the first person to have been awarded the title of the Hero of Ukraine. He holds a doctoral degree in technical sciences and is known for his works in electric welding. Paton's father, Evgeny Paton, was also famous for his works in electric welding. The first welded bridge in Kyiv, constructed under the supervision of Evgeny Paton, bears his name. In the early 1970s and 1980s Paton had advised the Soviet authorities not to build the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant.[1][2]

Honours and awards[edit]

  • Hero of Ukraine (26 November 1998) - for dedicated service to science, outstanding achievements in the field of welding and special electrometallurgy, which contributed to the recognition and approval of the authority of Soviet science in the world (the first ever awarded this title)
  • Order of Liberty (January 21, 2012)
  • Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise:
    • 1st class (27 November 2008) - for many years untiring service to the Science, outstanding personal contribution to strengthening the scientific and economic potential of Ukraine
    • 4th class (26 November 2003) - for outstanding personal contribution to the development of domestic science, strengthening scientific and technological capacities and on the occasion of the 85th anniversary of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
    • 5th class (May 13, 1997) - for outstanding personal contribution to the Ukrainian state in the development of science, the approval authority of the national academic school in the world
  • Honour of the President of Ukraine (1993)
  • Member of the 27th Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1986-1990)
  • Hero of Socialist Labour, twice (1969, 1978); this award includes the installation of a bust of the recipient - Paton - in his home town of Kyiv; it was sculpted by A. Skoblikov in 1982 and it is installed in front of academic museums at 15 Bogdan Khmelnitsky
  • Four Orders of Lenin (1967, 1969, 1975, 1978)
  • Order of the October Revolution (1984)
  • Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1943)
  • Order of Friendship of Peoples (1988)
  • Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
    • 1st class (Russia, 26 November 2008) - for outstanding contribution to world science, strengthening the scientific and cultural relations between the states - members of the Commonwealth of Independent States
    • 2nd class (Russia, 27 November 1998) - for outstanding contribution to science
  • Order of Honour (Russian Federation, 19 January 2004) - for outstanding contribution to science and to strengthen friendship and cooperation between Russia and Ukraine
  • Lenin Prize (1957)
  • Stalin Prize (1950)
  • State Prize of Ukraine (1970, 2004)
  • Award of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1988, 1984)
  • Award "Triumph" (Russia, 2004)
  • Honoured Worker of Science and Technology of the Ukrainian SSR (1968)
  • Honoured Inventor of the USSR (1983)
  • Lomonosov Gold Medal (USSR, 1981)
  • Korolev Gold Medal (2003)
  • Czochralski Gold Medal (2006)
  • Honorary Citizen of Mariupol (1998) - for outstanding service to Mariupol
  • Professor Emeritus of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (2003)
  • Global Energy Prize (2010)
  • Honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Controlling Technology:Ethics and the Responsible Engineer by Stephen H. Unger, Wiley-Interscience, 1994, ISBN 978-0-471-59181-8 (page 90)
  2. ^ The Ukrainian Resurgence by Bohdan Nahaylo, C. Hurst & Co, 1999, ISBN 1-85065-168-X (page 48)
  3. ^ (in Romanian) Paton Boris

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Oleksandr Palladin
President of NANU
1962–present
Succeeded by
incumbent