Borys Paton

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Borys Yevhenovych Paton
HOU
Борис Євгенович Патон
Boris Paton.jpg
Borys Paton in 2010
Born (1918-11-27) November 27, 1918 (age 101)
NationalityUkrainian
CitizenshipUkraine
Alma materKiev Polytechnic Institute
Known forstudies in metallurgy of electrical welding; President of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (since 1962)
Spouse(s)Olha Paton
ChildrenYevhenia
AwardsHero of Ukraine Hero of Socialist Labor medal.png Hero of Socialist Labor medal.pngLomonosov Gold Medal (1980)
Scientific career
FieldsMetallurgy
InstitutionsPaton Electrical-Welding Institute, International Association of Science Academies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
InfluencesYevhen Paton

Borys Yevhenovych Paton HOU (Ukrainian: Пато́н Бори́с Євге́нович) (born November 27, 1918) is a famous Ukrainian scientist, the long-term chairman of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He was appointed to this post in 1962 and re-appointed for another term in office in 2015. In March 2020 Borys Paton did not submitted his candidacy for the election of the President of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine that means he is leaving this position.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Kyiv in the family of scientist and founder of Paton Institute of Electric Welding in Kyiv, Professor Evgeny Oscarovich Paton. His mother was a housewife. In 1941, he completed Kyiv Polytechnic Institute and became an engineer. Paton joined the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine on November 18, 1958 and is the first person to have been awarded the title of the Hero of Ukraine. He holds a doctoral degree in technical sciences and is known for his works in electric welding. Paton's father, Evgeny Paton, was also famous for his works in electric welding. The first welded bridge in Kyiv, constructed under the supervision of Evgeny Paton, bears his name. In the early 1970s and 1980s Paton had advised the Soviet authorities not to build the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant.[2][3]

Borys Paton is an author of more than 1000 publications[4], including 20 monographs and more than 400 inventions.

Research activities[edit]

Borys Paton devoted his scientific research to such processes:

  • automatic and semi-automatic submerged arc welding
  • development of theoretical foundations for the creation of automatic and semi-automatic machines for electric arc welding and welding power supplies
  • research for conditions of long arc burning and its regulation
  • solving the problems of management of welding processes
  • creation of new functional materials

Under his leadership, electroslag welding was created which became a fundamentally new method of welding. Paton led research on the application of welding heat sources for the improvement of the quality of the smelted metal. On this basis a new branch of metallurgy was founded called special electrometallurgy (electroslag, plasma arc welding and electron-beam remelting). He was the first researcher to start intensive research in the field of the use of welding and related technologies in space.[5]

Honours and awards[edit]

  • Order of Liberty (January 21, 2012)
  • Hero of Ukraine (26 November 1998) - for dedicated service to science, outstanding achievements in the field of welding and special electrometallurgy, which contributed to the recognition and approval of the authority of Soviet science in the world (the first ever awarded this title)
  • Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise:
    • 1st class (27 November 2008) - for many years untiring service to the Science, outstanding personal contribution to strengthening the scientific and economic potential of Ukraine
    • 4th class (26 November 2003) - for outstanding personal contribution to the development of domestic science, strengthening scientific and technological capacities and on the occasion of the 85th anniversary of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
    • 5th class (May 13, 1997) - for outstanding personal contribution to the Ukrainian state in the development of science, the approval authority of the national academic school in the world
  • Honour of the President of Ukraine (1993)
  • Member of the 27th Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1986-1990)
  • Hero of Socialist Labour, twice (1969, 1978); this award includes the installation of a bust of the recipient - Paton - in his home town of Kyiv; it was sculpted by A. Skoblikov in 1982 and it is installed in front of academic museums at 15 Bogdan Khmelnitsky
  • Four Orders of Lenin (1967, 1969, 1975, 1978)
  • Order of the October Revolution (1984)
  • Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1943)
  • Order of Friendship of Peoples (1988)
  • Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
    • 1st class (Russia, 26 November 2008) - for outstanding contribution to world science, strengthening the scientific and cultural relations between the states - members of the Commonwealth of Independent States
    • 2nd class (Russia, 27 November 1998) - for outstanding contribution to science
  • Order of Honour (Russian Federation, 19 January 2004) - for outstanding contribution to science and to strengthen friendship and cooperation between Russia and Ukraine
  • Lenin Prize (1957)
  • Stalin Prize (1950)
  • State Prize of Ukraine (1970, 2004)
  • Award of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1988, 1984)
  • Award "Triumph" (Russia, 2004)
  • Honoured Worker of Science and Technology of the Ukrainian SSR (1968)
  • Honoured Inventor of the USSR (1983)
  • Lomonosov Gold Medal (USSR, 1981)
  • Korolev Gold Medal (2003)
  • Czochralski Gold Medal (2006)
  • Honorary Citizen of Mariupol (1998) - for outstanding service to Mariupol
  • Professor Emeritus of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (2003)
  • Global Energy Prize (2010)
  • Honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Патон залишає посаду президента НАН України – джерело". Українська правда _Життя. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  2. ^ Controlling Technology:Ethics and the Responsible Engineer by Stephen H. Unger, Wiley-Interscience, 1994, ISBN 978-0-471-59181-8 (page 90)
  3. ^ The Ukrainian Resurgence by Bohdan Nahaylo, C. Hurst & Co, 1999, ISBN 1-85065-168-X (page 48)
  4. ^ "Boris Y. Paton - Google Scholar Citations". scholar.google.com. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  5. ^ "Народився Борис Патон, фахівець зі зварювання світового рівня, винахідник (спецелектрометалургія, космічне зварювання, хірургічне зварювання живих тканин), академік НАН України (1958), РАН (1962, 1992), Президент НАН України (1962), Герой України | Національна бібліотека України імені В. І. Вернадського". www.nbuv.gov.ua. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  6. ^ (in Romanian) Paton Boris

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Oleksandr Palladin
President of NANU
1962–present
Succeeded by
incumbent