Gradiška, Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Town and municipality|
Town of Gradiška
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Zoran Adžić (SNSD)|
|• Total||761,74 km2 (29,411 sq mi)|
|Elevation||163 m (535 ft)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||67.91/km2 (175.9/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+387 51|
Gradiška (Serbian Cyrillic: Градишка; formerly Bosanska Gradiška / Босанска Градишка) is a town and municipality located in northwestern Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 51,727 inhabitants.
It is geographically located in eastern Krajina region, and the town is situated on the Lijevče plain, on the right bank of the Sava river across from Stara Gradiška, Croatia, and about 40 km (25 mi) north of Banja Luka.
In the Roman period, the municipium of Serbinum existed on the location of the present-day town. It was of strategic importance; a port of the Roman fleet was situated here. Among notable archaeological findings are a viaduct.
Gradiški Brod is mentioned for the first time as a town in c. 1330. It had a major importance as the location where the Sava river used to be crossed. By 1537, the town and its surroundings came under Ottoman rule.
The Ottoman built a fortress, which served as the Bosnia Eyalet's northern defense line. The town was also called Berbir because of the fortress.
Following the outbreak of the First Serbian Uprising (1804), in the Sanjak of Smederevo (modern Central Serbia), the Jančić's Revolt broke out in the Gradiška region against the Ottoman government in the Bosnia Eyalet, following the erosion of the economic, national and religious rights of Serbs. Hajduks also arrived from Serbia, and were especially active on the Kozara. Jovan Jančić Sarajlija organized the uprising with help from Metropolitan Benedikt Kraljević. The peasants took up arms on 23 September 1809, in the region of Gradiška, beginning from Mašići. The fighting began on 25 September, and on the same night, the Ottomans captured and executed Jančić. The rebels retreated to their villages, except those in Kozara and Motajica who continued, and offered strong resistance until their defeat in mid-October, after extensive looting and burning of villages by the Ottomans. Another revolt broke out in 1834, in Mašići.
Ottoman rule ended with the Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878), following the Herzegovina Uprising (1875–77). Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina ended in 1918, when the South Slavic Austro-Hungarian territories proclaimed the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, which subsequently joined the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
From 1929 to 1941 Gradiška was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
During Yugoslavia, the town was known as Bosanska Gradiška (Босанска Градишка). During the Bosnian War, the town was incorporated into Republika Srpska (RS). After the war, the RS National Assembly changed the name, omitting bosanska ("Bosnian"), as was done with many other towns (Kostajnica, Dubica, Novi Grad, Petrovo, Šamac).
The ethnic composition of the municipality:
The municipality includes total of 75 settlements:
- Marko Marin, German footballer
- Zvjezdan Misimović, footballer
- Vaso Čubrilović, politician and historian, member of Black Hand organisation and participant in the conspiracy to kill Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
- Veljko Čubrilović, member of Black Hand organisation
- A. Setyabudi, artist
- Vlado Jagodić, former footballer, now manager
- Vinko Marinović, former Serbian footballer, now manager
- Radenko Milak, artist
- Gojko Subotić, academic and art historian
- Tatjana Pašalić, poker presenter
- Samson Morpurgo, Medieval Italian rabbi, physician, and liturgist
- Nordin Gerzić, Swedish footballer
- Alojzije Mišić, Roman Catholic bishop
- Branko Grahovac, football goalkeeper
- Atif Dudaković, Bosnian war-time army general
- Nazif Hajdarović, footballer
- Ratko Varda, basketball player
- Milan Janković, footballer
- Miodrag Latinović, retired footballer
- Zlatko Janjić, footballer
- Ozren Perić, footballer
- Safet Halilović, politician
- Ognjen Ožegović, Serbian footballer, European U-19 champion
Twin towns – sister cities
- the official web site of the municipality Gradiška/Градишка.
- "Systemic census of municipalities and populated places of Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). Sarajevo: Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 2013. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- "Preliminary results of the 2013 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). bhas.ba. Sarajevo: Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 5 November 2013. p. 8. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- Стојан Бијелић. Машићка буна. Врбаске новине бр. 107 ст. 5, 1933. (извор)
- :: Www.Gradiskasela.Net :: Archived 2009-09-25 at the Wayback Machine.
- "POPIS STANOVNIŠTVA, DOMAĆINSTAVA I STANOVA U BOSNI I HERCEGOVINI, 2013. REZULTATI POPISA" (PDF). popis2013.ba (in Serbian). Retrieved 17 December 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gradiška.|
- Official site of the municipality
- Gradiška TV
- VIKOM RADIO TELEVIZIJA