The vast majority of Bosnian migrants began arriving in Australia during and after the Bosnian War which took place between April 1992 and December 1995. There were larger waves after World War II and again in the 1960s and 1970s. In 1986 it was estimated that there were about 5,500 Bosnians in Australia.
Bosnian migrants who arrived in Australia in the 1960s made important contributions to modern-day Australia through their role in the construction of the Snowy Mountains Scheme in New South Wales.
The distribution of Bosnian immigrants in Sydney as a percentage of the population
The majority of Bosnians that arrived in Australia are Muslim, with a fewer number having Orthodox and Catholic backgrounds. Some Bosnians are inter-ethnic with some having interfaith marriages. The recent war in the 1990s created a situation where sensitivity is required in relation to ethnicity for self-identification and language spoken.