Bosnian general election, 2018

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Bosnia and Herzegovina general election, 2018

← 2014 7 October 2018 2022 →

  First party Second party Third party
  Izetbegović, Bakir.jpg Dodik, Milorad, 2010.jpg Željko Komšić.jpg
Leader Bakir Izetbegović Milorad Dodik Željko Komšić
Party SDA SNSD DF
Leader since 2014 1996 2013
Leader's seat Did not stand Presidency (Serbs)
(contesting)
Presidency (Croats)
(contesting)
Last election 10 6 5
Seats before 6 6 5

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Dragan Čović.jpg
Leader Vukota Govedarica Fahrudin Radončić Dragan Čović
Party SDS SBB HDZ BiH
Leader since 2016 2009 2005
Leader's seat Did not stand Presidency (Bosniaks)
(contesting)
Presidency (Croats)
Last election 5 4 4
Seats before 3 4 4
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bosnia and Herzegovina

General elections were held in Bosnia and Herzegovina on 7 October 2018. Voters elected the national Presidency and House of Representatives, as well as the Presidents and legislatures of the two entities and the legislatures of the ten cantons of the federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Electoral system[edit]

The three members of the Presidency are elected by plurality. In Republika Srpska voters elect the Serb representative, whilst in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina voters elect the Bosniak and Croat members.[1]

The 42 members of the House of Representatives are elected by open list proportional representation in two constituencies, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska.[2]

Franchise[edit]

A total of 3,352,933 citizens are registered to vote: 2,092,336 in the FBiH and 1,260,597 in the RS (citizens living in Brcko District vote in one of the entities). There are 77,814 persons registered to vote outside of BiH, out of which 76,729 persons are registered to vote by mail and 1,085 are registered to vote at diplomatic missions.

Turnout[edit]

Turnout at the level of BiH was 53.36%; FBiH 51.25%; RS 57.30% and BD 46.81%. The percentage was slightly lower as compared to 2014 that was 54.14%.

The BiH Central Election Commission (CEC) reported that all 5714 polling stations closed down in time or with slight delay. According to the initial assessment by the BiH CEC, the elections passed in an overall calm and peaceful atmosphere.

Preliminary results[edit]

Presidency[edit]

The preliminary results from 43.42% of polling stations indicate that Šefik Džaferović (SDA) won 37.97%, Željko Komšić (DF) won 49.47% and Milorad Dodik (SNSD) won 55.15 % for the Bosniak, Croat and Serb seats in the BiH Presidency respectively.

Candidate Party Votes %
Bosniak member
Šefik Džaferović Party of Democratic Action 175,053 37.17
Denis Bećirović Social Democratic Party 157,731 33.49
Fahrudin Radončić Union for a Better Future of BiH 60,619 12.87
Mirsad Hadžikadić Mirsad Hadžikadić - Platform for Progress 44,850 9.52
Senad Šepić Independent Bloc 25,075 5.32
Amer Jerlagić Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 7,609 1.62
Croat member
Željko Komšić Democratic Front 177,638 51.56
Dragan Čović (incumbent) Croatian Democratic Union 127,172 36.91
Diana Zelenika Croatian Democratic Union 1990 22,123 6.42
Boriša Falatar Our Party 12,372 3.59
Jerko Ivanković-Lijanović People's Party for Work and Betterment 5,238 1.52
Serb member
Milorad Dodik Alliance of Independent Social Democrats 313,209 53.87
Mladen Ivanić (incumbent) Alliance for Victory (SDSPDPNDPSRS RSPUP RS–SSSSB) 249,692 42.95
Mirjana Popović Serb Progressive Party 9,694 1.67
Gojko Kličković First Serb Democratic Party 8,791 1.51
Invalid/blank votes 99,699
Total 1,496,565 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,352,933
Source: CEC (86.13% of polling stations reporting)

Controversy[edit]

Croat population per municipality
First place croat candidate per municipality

A controversy broke out following the result of the election of the Croat member of presidency, as the moderate and pro-Bosnian Željko Komšić won against the Croatian nationalist Dragan Čović with the help of Bosniak voters voting outside of their community, prompting protests of Croats accusing them of having stolen the election and calling for the creation of their own entity in Bosnia. In the following days, protests were held with signs such as "Not my president" and "RIP Democracy",[3][4]

In the days following election, several municipalities with Croat majority, as well as the student council of the University of Mostar, declared Komšić persona non grata.[5][6]

House of Representatives[edit]

Results of the election for the House of Representatives, based on the majority of votes in each municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Party Federation Republika Srpska Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats +/–
Party of Democratic Action 210,787 25.77 20,969 3.61 231,756 16.58
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats 3,294 0.40 227,500 39.21 230,794 16.51
SDSNDP–NS–SRS 145,192 25.02 145,192 10.38
Social Democratic Party 118,159 14.45 6,594 1.14 124,753 8.92
HDZHSSHKDUHSP-AS BiH–HDU BiH 117,506 14.37 2,522 0.43 120,028 8.59
Democratic Front 77,952 9.53 77,952 5.58
Party of Democratic Progress 75,432 13.00 75,432 5.40
Democratic People's Alliance 520 0.06 60,424 10.41 60,944 4.36
Union for a Better Future of BiH 55,340 6.77 926 0.16 56,266 4.02
Our Party 38,240 4.68 38,240 2.74
Independent Bloc 35,902 4.39 35,902 2.57 New
Democratic Action Movement 33,257 4.07 33,257 2.38 New
Socialist Party 27,339 4.71 27,339 1.96
Party of Democratic Activity 26,352 3.22 497 0.09 26,849 1.92
HDZ 1990HSP BiH 23,568 2.88 23,568 1.69
Nation and Justice 18,233 2.23 18,233 1.30 New
Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 14,653 1.79 14,653 1.05
Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party 13,403 1.64 13,403 0.96
Independent Bosnia-Herzegovina List 10,354 1.27 10,354 0.74 New
First Serb Democratic Party 6,776 1.17 6,776 0.48 New
Labour Party 6,475 0.79 6,475 0.46
Pensioners Party 5,965 0.73 5,965 0.43 New
Bosnian Party 4,605 0.56 4,605 0.33
Serbian Progressive Party 4,307 0.74 4,307 0.31
Union for New Politics 583 0.07 1,199 0.21 1,782 0.13 New
LDS za Boljitak 1,527 0.19 1,527 0.11 New
Croatian Party BiH 920 0.11 920 0.07 New
Lijevo Krilo 223 0.03 600 0.10 823 0.06 New
Invalid/blank votes 81,422 54,549 135,971
Total 899,240 100 28 634,826 100 14 1,534,066 100 42
Registered voters/turnout 2,092,336 1,260,597 3,352,933
Source: CEC (89% of polling stations processed)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maja Sahadžic (2009) The Electoral System of Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Short Review of Political Matter and/or Technical Perplexion Contemporary Issues, Vol. 2, No. 1
  2. ^ Electoral System IPU
  3. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "Croats protest against election of moderate in Bosnia's presidency".
  4. ^ Mladen Lakic (2013-05-03). "Bosnian Croats Protest Against Komsic's Election Victory". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  5. ^ "I Čitluk prekrižio Komšića".
  6. ^ Reuters (2018-10-09). "STUDENTI SVEUČILIŠTA U MOSTARU KOMŠIĆA PROGLASILI NEPOŽELJNIM 'Takve nas stvari ne zanimaju od nekoga tko se lažno predstavlja kao Hrvat' - Jutarnji List". Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 2018-10-14.