Bossam

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Bossam
Bossam, Napa Wraps with Pork.jpg
Place of origin Korea
Associated national cuisine Korean cuisine
Main ingredients Pork shoulder, belly, or hand
Cookbook: Bossam  Media: Bossam
Korean name
Hangul 보쌈
Hanja 褓-
Revised Romanization bossam
McCune–Reischauer possam
IPA [po.s͈am]

Bossam (보쌈) is a pork dish in Korean cuisine. It usually consists of belly pork that is boiled in spices and thinly sliced.[1] The meat is served with side dishes such as spicy radish salad, sliced raw garlic, ssamjang (wrap sauce), saeu-jeot (salted shrimp), kimchi, and ssam (wrap) vegetables such as lettuce, kkaennip (perilla leaves), and inner leaves of a napa cabbage leaves.[2][3]

Bossam is a popular dish in Korea, often served as anju (food accompanying alcoholic drinks).[4] To eat, the meat and side dishes are wrapped together in ssam vegetables, hence the literal meaning of bossam: "wrapped" or "packaged".

History[edit]

Bossam is traditionally linked with the process of gimjang, during which large quantities of kimchi are prepared for winters.[5] To ensure the commitment of the workers during this labor-intensive process, yangban (scholar-gentry of the Joseon era) would deliver a pig for a feast.[5] The workers would enjoy boiled pork with some of their newly made kimchi, which, being early in the fermentation process, was a fresh and crispy compliment to the soft pork of bossam.[5]

Preparation[edit]

Although beef can also be used, pork is preferred for bossam.[6] Pork shoulder is the most commonly used cut, but fattier cuts such as pork belly and chewier cuts such as pork hand can also be used.[6] The meat is tied with kitchen twine to hold its shape, and boiled in a broth that contains star anise, ginger, white part and root of scallion, garlic, doenjang (soybean paste), coffee powder, tea leaves, and so on, to reduce the gaminess.[6] When cooked, it is rinsed with cold water, untied, and pressed lightly in a cotton cloth to maintain its shape.[6] When cooled, the meat is sliced into pieces of about 0.3 centimetres (0.12 in) and served with varieties of side dishes, typically including spicy radish salad similar to the kimchi filling, inner leaves of napa cabbages, and freshly made baechu-kimchi (napa cabbage kimchi).[6]

If the meat is served with fresh raw oyster, the dish is called gul-bossam (굴보쌈; "oyster bossam").[5]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sifton, Sam (12 January 2012). "The Bo Ssam Miracle". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "bossam" 보쌈. Korean Food Foundation (in Korean). Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  3. ^ Jung, Alex (11 November 2011). "5 Korean ways to eat a pig". CNN. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
  4. ^ Lee, Cecilia Hae-Jin (29 April 2015). "Koreatown's Mr. Bossam serves bossam -- and spicy ribs with cheesy corn". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Jongno 3(sam)-ga`s Gul Bossam Alley". Visit Seoul. Seoul Metropolitan Government. 28 November 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "bossam" 보쌈. Doopedia (in Korean). Doosan Corporation. Retrieved 27 May 2017.