Bossiney (Cornish: Boskyny, meaning Cyni's dwelling) is a village in north Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is north-east of the larger village of Tintagel which it adjoins: further north-east are the Rocky Valley and Trethevy. Until 1832 the village, with its neighbour Trevena, returned two MPs as a Rotten Borough, for the Bossiney (UK Parliament constituency).
Bossiney lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Almost a third of Cornwall has AONB designation, with the same status and protection as a National Park.
Bossiney was mentioned in Domesday Book as 'Botcinnii, a manor held by the Count of Mortain from St. Petroc's Church (i.e. Bodmin monastery), the manor at this time including Trevena. From ca. 1552 two members were elected to the unreformed House of Commons by the burgesses of Bossiney and Trevena, until the Reform Act 1832 stripped it of its representation as a rotten borough. Bossiney was the Parliamentary seat of Francis Drake who in 1584 gave his election speech from Bossiney Mound. It was also the Parliamentary seat in 1584 of Sir Francis Bacon. The mace and seal of the borough are still preserved and show the name of the borough as 'Tintaioel' (they are thought to be from the 16th century).
To the east of Bossiney lie the remains of an earthen ringwork and bailey, which were discovered during archaeological excavations during the 1840s. The castle is not mentioned in surviving contemporary documents, and it is uncertain when or by whom it was built. However, it was probably built in the late 11th or 12th century.
Bossiney, which in Domesday Book was 'Botcinnii', has been explained as Cornish: 'Bod-' dwelling and 'Cini' a man's name. The spelling varied in the past (Bossinney was at one time very common). Novelist John Galsworthy used 'Bosinney' as the surname of a character in the Forsyte Saga.
Notable buildings and landscape
These include the Old Borough House, Bossiney Court (both houses are 17th century and later) and the Methodist chapel (1860). All these are listed Grade II. At the nearby crossroads stands Hendra Cross (towards Trevillet): it has been moved from its former position due to road widening in 1959. Willapark on the coast nearby was an Iron Age cliff castle and at Lye Rock the barque 'Iota' was wrecked in 1893 (see Shipwrecks in Tintagel article). Willapark Manor stands in wooded grounds and is now an hotel; Jill Pool is the site of the former borough gaol.
References and bibliography
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5
- "Cornwall A-K". The Domesday Book Online. domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-11-25.
- Thorn, C., et al., eds. (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore
- "Bossiney and Benoath". This is North Cornwall. Kestrel Promotions. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
- Canner, A. C. (1982) The Parish of Tintagel, pp. 62-65
- Rose (1992) "Bossiney Castle", p. 141
- Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard; pp. 98-99 ("about one and half miles north east of Bossiney, at Pentaly")
- Canner, A, C. (1982) The Parish of Tintagel. Camelford: A. C. Canner; p. 16
- Rose, Peter (1992) "Bossiney Castle", Cornish Archaeology 31 pp. 138–142.
- Williams, Michael (ca. 1970) Bossiney. ( pp., illus.) [Tintagel: the author]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bossiney.|