St Botolph's Church viewed from the river
|Boston shown within Lincolnshire|
|Area||18.42 km2 (7.11 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,632/km2 (9,410/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||100 mi (160 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Boston (// ( listen)) is a town and small port in Lincolnshire, on the east coast of England. It is the largest town of the wider Borough of Boston local government district. The borough had a total population of 66,900, at the ONS mid 2015 estimates, while the town itself had a population of 35,124 at the 2001 census. It is due north of Greenwich on the Prime Meridian.
Boston's most notable landmark is St Botolph's Church ("The Stump"), said to be the largest parish church in England, visible for miles around from the flat lands of Lincolnshire. Residents of Boston are known as Bostonians. Emigrants from Boston named several other settlements around the world after the town, most notably Boston, Massachusetts in the United States.
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Transport
- 4 Politics
- 5 Governance
- 6 Demography
- 7 Arts and culture
- 8 Landmarks
- 9 In popular culture
- 10 Local economy
- 11 Sport
- 12 Health
- 13 Education
- 14 Notable Bostonians
- 15 Town twinning and association
- 16 Destinations
- 17 See also
- 18 Notes
- 19 References
- 20 External links
The name "Boston" is said to be a contraction of "Saint Botolph's town", "stone", or "tun" (Old English, Old Norse and modern Norwegian) for a hamlet or farm, hence the Latin villa Sancti Botulfi "St. Botulf's village").
The town was once held to have been a Roman settlement, but there is no evidence that this is the case. Similarly, it is often linked to the monastery established by the Saxon monk Botolph at "Icanhoe" on the Witham in AD 654 and destroyed by the Vikings in 870, but this is now doubted by modern historians. The early medieval geography of The Fens was much more fluid than it is today and, at that time, the Witham did not flow near the site of Boston. Botolph's establishment is most likely to have been in Suffolk. However, he was a popular missionary and saint, to whom many churches between Yorkshire and Sussex are dedicated.
The 1086 Domesday Book does not mention Boston by name, but nearby settlements of the tenant-in-chief Count Alan Rufus of Brittany are covered. Its present territory was probably then part of the grant of Skirbeck, part of the very wealthy manor of Drayton, which before 1066 had been owned by Ralph the Staller, Edward the Confessor's Earl of East Anglia. Skirbeck had two churches and one is likely to have been that dedicated to St Botolph, in what was consequently Botolph's town. Skirbeck ( ) is now considered part of Boston, but the name remains, as a church parish and an electoral ward.
The order of importance was the other way round, when the Boston quarter of Skirbeck developed at the head of the Haven, which lies under the present Market Place. At that stage, The Haven was the tidal part of the stream, now represented by the Stone Bridge Drain ( ), which carried the water from the East and West Fens. The line of the road through Wide Bargate, to A52 and A16, is likely to have developed on its marine silt levees. It led, as it does now, to the relatively high ground at Sibsey ( ), and thence to Lindsey.
The reason for the original development of the town, away from the centre of Skirbeck, was that Boston lay on the point where navigable tidal water was alongside the land route, which used the Devensian terminal moraine ridge at Sibsey, between the upland of East Lindsey and the three routes to the south of Boston:
- The coastal route, on the marine silts, crossed the mouth of Bicker Haven towards Spalding.
- The Sleaford route, into Kesteven, passed via Swineshead ( ), thence following the old course of the River Slea, on its marine silt levee.
- The Salters' Way route into Kesteven, left Holland from Donington. This route was much more thoroughly developed, in the later Medieval period, by Bridge End Priory ( ).
The River Witham seems to have joined The Haven after the flood of September 1014, having abandoned the port of Drayton, on what subsequently became known as Bicker Haven. The predecessor of Ralph the Staller owned most of both Skirbeck and Drayton, so it was a relatively simple task to transfer his business from Drayton, but the Domesday Book of 1086 still records his source of income in Boston under the heading of Drayton, so Boston's name is famously not mentioned. The Town Bridge still maintains the pre-flood route, along the old Haven bank.
After the Norman Conquest, Ralph the Staller's property was taken over by Count Alan. It subsequently came to be attached to the Earldom of Richmond, North Yorkshire, and known as the Richmond Fee. It lay on the left bank of The Haven.
During the eleventh and twelfth centuries, Boston grew into a notable town and port. In 1204, King John vested sole control over the town in his bailiff. That year or the next, he levied a "fifteenth" tax (quinzieme) of 6.67% on the moveable goods of merchants in the ports of England: the merchants of Boston paid £780, the highest in the kingdom after London's £836. Thus by the opening of the thirteenth century, it was already significant in trade with the continent of Europe and ranked as a port of the Hanseatic League. Edward III named it a staple port for the wool trade in 1369. Apart from wool, Boston also exported salt, produced locally on the Holland coast, grain, produced up-river, and lead, produced in Derbyshire and brought via Lincoln, up-river.
A quarrel between the local and foreign merchants led to the withdrawal of the Hansards around 1470. Around the same time, the decline of the local guilds and shift towards domestic weaving of English wool (conducted in other areas of the country) led to a near-complete collapse of the town's foreign trade. The silting of the Haven only furthered the town's decline.
At the Dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII during the English Reformation, Boston's Dominican, Franciscan, Carmelite, and Augustinian friaries—erected during the boom years of the 13th and 14th centuries—were all expropriated. The refectory of the Dominican friary was eventually converted into a theatre in 1965 and now houses the Blackfriars Arts Centre.
Henry VIII granted the town its charter in 1545 and Boston had two Members of Parliament from 1552.
17th and 18th centuries
The staple trade made Boston a centre of intellectual influence from the Continent, including the teachings of John Calvin that became known as Calvinism. This, in turn, revolutionised the Christian beliefs and practices of many Bostonians and residents of the neighbouring shires of England. In 1607 a group of pilgrims from Nottinghamshire led by William Brewster and William Bradford attempted to escape pressure to conform with the teaching of the English church by going to the Netherlands from Boston. At that time unsanctioned emigration was illegal, and they were brought before the court in the Guildhall. Most of the pilgrims were released fairly soon and the following year, set sail for the Netherlands, settling in Leiden. In 1620, several of these were among the group who moved to New England in the Mayflower.
Boston remained a hotbed of religious dissent. In 1612 John Cotton became the Vicar of St Botolph's and, although viewed askance by the Church of England for his non-conformist preaching, became responsible for a large increase in Church attendance. He encouraged those who disliked the lack of religious freedom in England to join the Massachusetts Bay Company, and later helped to found the city of Boston, Massachusetts, which he was instrumental in naming. Unable to tolerate the religious situation any longer he eventually emigrated himself in 1633.
At the same time, work on draining the fens to the west of Boston was begun, a scheme which displeased many whose livelihoods were at risk. (One of the sources of livelihood obtained from the fen was fowling, supplying ducks and geese for meat and in addition the processing of their feathers and down for use in mattresses and pillows. The feathery aspect of this is still reflected in the presence of the bedding company named Fogarty, nearby in Fishtoft.) This and the religious friction put Boston into the parliamentarian camp in the Civil War which in England began in 1642. The chief backer of the drainage locally, Lord Lindsey, was shot in the first battle and the fens returned to their accustomed dampness until after 1750.
The later 18th century saw a revival when the Fens began to be effectively drained. The Act of Parliament permitting the embanking and straightening of the fenland Witham was dated 1762. A sluice, called for in the Act, was designed to help scour out The Haven. The land proved to be fertile, and Boston began exporting cereals to London. In 1774 the first financial bank was opened, and in 1776 an Act of Parliament allowed watchmen to begin patrolling the streets at night.
In the 19th century, the names of Howden, a firm located near the Grand Sluice; and Tuxford, near the Maud Foster Sluice, were respected among engineers for their steam road locomotives, threshing engines and the like. Howden developed his business from making steam engines for river boats while Tuxford began as a miller and millwright. His mill was once prominent near Skirbeck Church, just to the east of the Maud Foster Drain.
The railway reached the town in 1848, and it was briefly on the main line from London to the North. The area between the Black Sluice and the railway station was mainly railway yard and the railway company's main depôt. The latter facility moved to Doncaster when the modern main line was opened. Boston remained something of a local railway hub well into the 20th century, moving the produce of the district and the trade of the dock, plus the excursion trade to Skegness and similar places. But it was much quieter by the time of the Beeching cuts of the 1960s.
Boston once again became a significant port in trade and fishing in 1884, when the new dock with its associated wharves on The Haven were constructed. It continued as a working port, exporting grain, fertiliser, and importing timber, although much of the fishing trade was moved out in the inter-war period.
During the First World War many of the town's trawlermen, together with those from Grimsby, were taken prisoner after their ships were sunk by German raiders in the North Sea. Their families did not know what had happened to them until late September 1914. The men were taken to Sennelager camp, then on to Ruhleben POW camp where most remained till repatriated in 1918. There is a full report of their homecoming in the Lincolnshire Standard newspaper, January 1918. Meanwhile, the port was used by hospital ships and some 4,000 sick or wounded troops passed through Boston.
The first cinema opened in 1910, and in 1913 a new Town Bridge was constructed. Central Park was purchased in 1919, and is now one of the focal points of the town. Electricity came to Boston during the early part of the century, and electrical street lighting was provided from 1924.
The town and local area was used by film makers during the Second World War to represent the Netherlands in the film 'One of Our Aircraft Is Missing' which used several locations in the town, including the railway swing bridge that leads to the docks. In the Second World War the borough lost 17 civilian dead through enemy air raids. A memorial in Boston Cemetery commemorates them.
The Haven Bridge, which now carries the two trunk roads over the river, was opened in 1966, and a new dual carriageway, John Adams Way, was built in 1976-8 to take traffic away from the town centre. A shopping centre, named the Pescod Centre, opened in 2004, bringing many new shops into the town.
Concern about the continued lack of a bypass around the town led to the overwhelming victory of the newly-formed Boston Bypass Independents over the traditional political parties in the local elections of 2007. Describing their victory, the new council leader Richard Austin said: "We knew that the mood of the people of Boston was very black and they really do want something to happen to Boston that isn't happening at the moment."
After five years in the Football League, Boston United football club was relegated from League Two after losing its final match of the 2006/7 season against Wrexham, and following some financial irregularities during Steve Evans' time as manager of the club.
A report, cited in The Sun in 2008, pointed out that Boston has the highest number of immigrants per capita of any town in Britain. An estimated one-quarter of the population are immigrants.
The railways came to Boston in 1848 following the building of The East Lincolnshire Railway from Grimsby to Boston and the simultaneous building of the Lincolnshire Loop Line by the Great Northern Railway which ran between Peterborough and York via Boston, Lincoln and Doncaster. This line was built before the East Coast Main Line and for a short while put Boston on the map as the GNR's main Locomotive Works before it was relocated to Doncaster in 1852.
Boston railway station is served by East Midlands Trains on the Poacher Line from Grantham to Skegness. It was the southern terminus of the East Lincolnshire Line to Louth and Grimsby until closure in 1970.
Boston Borough Council
No party currently has a majority of seats on Boston Borough Council: the Conservatives are the largest group, holding 13 of the 30 seats, followed by UKIP which holds 9. In May 2007 a single-issue political party, the Boston Bypass Independents, campaigning for a bypass to be built around the town, took control of the council when they won 25 of the 32 seats on the council. However, in the subsequent elections in 2011 the group lost all but four of its seats.
Boston received its charter in 1545. It is the main settlement in the Boston local government district of Lincolnshire which includes the unparished town of Boston and eighteen other civil parishes.
Borough Council wards
As of 2015, Boston Borough council consisted of 30 members:
- Coastal Ward elects two councillors
- Fenside Ward elects two councillors.
- Fishtoft Ward elects three councillors.
- Five Villages Ward elects two councillors.
- Kirton & Frampton Ward elects three councillors.
- Old Leake & Wrangle elects two councillors
- Skirbeck Ward elects three councillors.
- Staniland Ward elects two councillors.
- Station Ward elects one councillor.
- St Thomas Ward elects one councillor.
- Swineshead & Holland Ward elects two councillors.
- Trinity Ward elects two councillors.
- West Ward elects one councillor.
- Witham Ward elects two councillors.
- Wyberton Ward elects two councillors.
Lincolnshire County Council divisions
In 2017, there were six county council divisions for the Borough of Boston, each of which returned one member to Lincolnshire County Council:
- Boston Coastal
- Boston North
- Boston Rural
- Boston South
- Boston West
The town is part of the Boston and Skegness parliamentary constituency, currently represented by Conservative MP Matt Warman. The town was previously represented for 35 years by Conservative Sir Richard Body.
Boston is part of the East Midlands European Parliament constituency, which elects six members.
According to the 2001 census, there were 35,124 people residing in Boston town, of whom 48.2% were male and 51.8% were female. Children under five accounted for approximately 5% of the population. 23% of the resident population in Boston were of retirement age. In the 2011 census the Borough of Boston had a population of 64,600 with 15% of the population having been born outside of the UK and 11% having been born in EU accession countries (2001–2011) such as Poland and Lithuania. The non-white population made up 2.4% of the total population in 2011.
Arts and culture
Some of the most interesting things to be seen in Boston lie not in the usual list of tourist features, but in the area of civil engineering. However, there are remarkable sights of the more usual sort:
The Grand Sluice is disguised by railway and road bridges, but it is there, keeping the tide out of the Fens and twice a day, allowing the water from the upland to scour the Haven. Not far away, in the opposite direction, was the boyhood home of John Foxe, the author of Foxe's Book of Martyrs.
The Town Bridge maintains the line of the road to Lindsey and from its western end, looking at the river side of the Exchange Building to the right, it is possible to see how the two ends of the building, founded on the natural levees of The Haven, have stood firm while the middle has sunk into the infill of the former river.
A statue of the founder of The Illustrated London News, Herbert Ingram is located in front of the Stump. The statue was designed by Alexander Munro and was unveiled in October 1862. The allegorical figure, at the base of the monument, is a reference to Ingram's efforts to bring the first piped water to the town. He was also instrumental in bringing the railways to Boston. Born in nearby Paddock Grove, son of a butcher, he was also MP for Boston, from 1856, until his death in 1860, in a shipping accident on Lake Michigan.
A twice-weekly market is held on Saturdays and Wednesdays in the Market Place, and also on Wide Bargate on Wednesday.
The seven-storeyed Maud Foster Tower Windmill, completed in 1819 by millwrights Norman & Smithson of Kingston upon Hull for Issac and Thomas Reckitt, was extensively restored in the late 1980s and became a working mill again. It stands next to the drain it is named after and is unusual in having an odd number (five) of sails.
The Guildhall in which the Pilgrim Fathers were tried was converted into a museum in 1929. The cells in which the pilgrims are said to have been held at the time of their trial are on the ground floor. After a major refurbishment during which the museum was closed for several years, it reopened in 2008.
The Pilgrim Fathers Memorial is located on the north bank of the Haven a few miles outside the town. It was here at Scotia Creek, that the pilgrims made their first attempt to leave for the Dutch Republic in 1607.
The annual Boston May Fair has been held in the town since at least 1125. This fair is held during the first week of May, and is one of the few remaining fairs in the country still held in the town centre. By tradition, the fair was officially opened by the incumbent mayor at 11 am on the May Day bank holiday. However this is now not the case.
In popular culture
- The novel The Last Dickens is set in Boston.
- Boston is often assumed to be the prototype for Flaxborough, in the detective novels of Colin Watson.
- Boston was the birthplace of the 19th century author and poet Jean Ingelow.
- Boston stood in as a Dutch town in One of Our Aircraft Is Missing.
- Boston is mentioned several times in the English band To Kill a King's EP My Crooked Saint.
- Boston may have been used in Anthony Horowitz' book Oblivion in which he describes the village with the church of St Botolph's.
Boston's most important industries are food production, including vegetables and potatoes; road haulage and logistics companies that carry the food; the Port of Boston which handles more than one million tons of cargo per year including the import of steel and timber and the export of grain and recyclable materials; and also shellfishing, other light industry and tourism. The port is connected by rail, with steel imports going by rail each day to Washwood Heath in Birmingham, and the port and town are also connected by trunk roads including the A16 and the A52.
Boston has two weekly newspapers, The Boston Standard and The Boston Target, and a community radio station called Endeavour Radio.
Work was due to commence in 2014 on a new marina of the river Witham which would offer moorings, a restaurant and other facilities. The town is also set to be a major part of the Fens waterway project which will be an equivalent of the Norfolk Broads. This is scheduled to be completed in 2018.
In late 2013, a £100 million development was announced for the outskirts of town on the A16 towards Kirton. This development, named the Quadrant, is split in two phases. Phase one consists of a new football ground for Boston United F.C., 500 new homes, retail and business outlets and a possible supermarket. This development also includes the beginning of a distributor road that will eventually link the A52 Grantham Road and the A16 together. Phase two, still in the development stage, consists of a possible second new marina, more new homes and retail units.
The Princess Royal Arena is located on the Boardsides, just outside Boston.
Boston Rugby Club is based at the Princess Royal Arena. The club was established in 1927 by Ernst Clark, who had an interest in providing activity for boys.
The town has two non-league football clubs. The more senior Boston United, nicknamed The Pilgrims, plays in the Conference North. The stadium is currently located on York Street in the centre of the town and has an approximate capacity of 6,200. The town's second club, Boston Town, nicknamed The Poachers, plays in the United Counties Football League. Its home games are played at their stadium on Tattershall Road, on the outskirts of Boston. The two teams traditionally play each other at the beginning of each season.
Boston Rowing Club, near Carlton Road, hosts the annual 33 miles (53 km) Boston Rowing Marathon each year in mid-September. Crews from throughout the world compete, starting at Brayford Pool in Lincoln, and finishing in times from three to six hours.
Speedway racing was staged at a stadium in New Hammond Beck Road in the 1970s and 1980s. The Boston Barracudas raced in the British League Division Two, (now the Premier League) and in 1973 won the League and the Knock-out Cup, with one member winning the League Individual Championship. After the New Hammond Beck Road Stadium was sold for re-development in 1988, there were failed attempts to secure a new venue in the 1990s. A team, known as Boston, raced in the Conference League at King's Lynn.
Boston Amateur Swimming Club holds galas and open meets, including the Boston Open, and two yearly club championship events. It trains at the Geoff Moulder Swimming Pool.
Witham Sailing Club is a based on the banks of the Witham, with its own clubhouse.
In the mid-2000s Boston was shown to have the highest obesity rate of any town in the United Kingdom, with one-third of its adults (31%) considered clinically obese. Obesity has been linked to social deprivation.
St George's Preparatory School, established in 2011, is housed in a Grade II listed building, the former home of the town architect William Wheeler. The school, which follows the Forest School Ethos, caters for the 3–11 year age group.
Boston Grammar School, an all-male selective school, is on Rowley Road, near the John Adams Way (A52/A16), Geoff Moulder Leisure Centre and River Witham. Its female counterpart, Boston High School is on Spilsby Road (A16), in the north of the town next to the Pilgrim Hospital. Haven High Academy is on Marian Road to the north of the town. Boston College is on Skirbeck Road. Sixth forms in the town are located at the Grammar School, the High School and Haven High Academy.
Kitwood Boys' School and Kitwood Girls' School were both examples of the post-war, secondary modern school system. The boys' school located in Mill Road was closed in 1993 and it then became Boston College De Monfort Campus until it closed down in 2012. Most of the courses that was in De Monfort Campus is now at Boston College Rochford Campus and Sport is now at the Peter Paine Centre. The old site of De Monfort Campus building which was knocked down in 2015 and a housing estate is now at the former site of Boston College De Monfort Campus. Kitwood Girls closed down and is now Haven High Academy.
Boston currently has one of the lowest standards of education in Lincolnshire, with only 72% of GCSE students receiving grades above C. However Boston High School is in the top 5% in the whole country as all students achieved at least a grade of A* to C.
- Sir Richard Weston (1465–1541) KB courtier and diplomat, Governor of Guernsey & Treasurer of Calais
- John Taverner (c1490-1545) composer and organist
- Sir Thomas Dingley (executed 1539) prior of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem and Catholic martyr.
- John Foxe (1516/17–1587) historian and martyrologist
- Edmund Ingalls (ca.1598–1648) emigrated to Salem in 1628 and founded of Lynn, Massachusetts
- John Leverett (1616–1678/9) colonial magistrate, merchant, soldier and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
- Simon Patrick (1626-1707) theologian and bishop
- Joseph Farrow (1652–1692) nonconformist clergyman
- John Hallam (1728-1811) Canon of Windsor from 1775 to 1811
- George Bass (1771-1803 presumed) naval surgeon and explorer of Australia
- John Platts (1775–1837) Unitarian minister and author, a compiler of reference works.
- John Rodgers Jewitt (1783-1821) an armourer in Canada, wrote memoirs of his captivity by local indigenous people
- Pishey Thompson (1784–1862) publisher and antiquarian writer
- James Richardson (1809-1851) explored Africa
- George French Flowers (1811–1872) composer and musical theorist, promoted counterpoint
- John Westland Marston (1819–1890) dramatist and critic.
- Jean Ingelow (1820–1897) poet and novelist
- John Conington (1825–1869) classical scholar
- William Wedd Tuxford (c.1826–1878) parliamentarian and agricultural machinery dealer in South Australia
- John James Raven (1833–1906) cleric and headmaster, known as a writer on campanology
- William Garfit (1840–1920) banker and Conservative Party politician, sat in the House of Commons from 1895 to 1906.
- William Frederick Horry (1843–1872) murderer, first to be executed by long drop method
- George W. Spratt (1844–1934) American manufacturer and politician, emigrated to Wisconsin, USA in 1851
- Fred Maddison (1856–1937) trade unionist and Liberal politician
- Major Walter George Burnett Dickinson FRSE FRCVS TD (1858-1914) veterinary surgeon
- Arthur James Grant (1862-1948) historian
- Frederick Teesdale (1864–1931) Australian politician
- Janet Elizabeth Lane-Claypon, Lady Forber JP (1877–1967) physician and epidemiologist
- Sir Walter Sydney Liddall CBE (1884–1963) Conservative MP for Lincoln from 1931 to 1945.
- John McNair (1887–1968) socialist politician
- Joseph Langley Burchnall (1892-1975) mathematician who introduced the Burchnall–Chaundy theory
- Air Vice-Marshal Arthur Stanley Gould Lee MC (1894–1975) senior RAF officer and autobiography writer
- Henry Neville "Mick" Southern (1908–1986) ornithologist
- Elizabeth Jennings CBE (1926–2001) poet
- Rev Dr John A. Newton (1931-2017) Methodist minister, author, historian and former President of the Methodist Conference
- Frank Sargeant (born 1932) Bishop at Lambeth from 1994-9 and Bishop of Stockport from 1984–94
- T. William Olle (born 1933) computer scientist and consultant
- Victor Emery (1934–2002) specialist on superconductors and superfluidity
- Barry Spikings (born 1939) film producer, incl. 1978 film, The Deer Hunter
- Philip Priestley (born 1946) former British diplomat, High Commissioner to Belize (2001-4)
- Richard Budge (1947–2016) coal mining entrepreneur
- Dusty Hughes (born 1947) playwright and director, writing for both the theatre and television
- Brian Bolland (born 1951) comics artist producing the vast majority of his work for DC Comics
- David Ward (born 1953) Liberal Democrat politician, elected MP for Bradford East in 2010
- Alan Moulder (born 1959) record producer, mixing engineer and audio engineer
- Hilary McKay (born 1959) writer of children's books
- Wyn Harness (1960-2007) journalist at The Independent from the newspaper's creation in 1986
- John Cridland (born 1961) former Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry
- Bill Dunham (born 1961) former Deputy Commandant General of the Royal Marines
- Amanda Drew (born 1969) actress, plays May Wright in the BBC soap opera EastEnders
- Robert Webb (born 1972) comedian, actor and writer, one half of Mitchell and Webb
- Carl Hudson (born 1983) pianist and keyboardist
- Georgina Callaghan (born 1986) singer-songwriter, currently lives in Nashville
- Robin Hunter-Clarke (born 1992) UKIP politician
- Richard Hurst writer and director of comedy, theatre and television
- Bill Julian (1867–1957) football player and coach
- Fred Nidd (1869–1956) professional footballer, approx. 130 pro appearances
- Cyril Bland (1872–1950) cricketer active from 1897 to 1904
- Jack Manning (1886–1946) professional footballer who scored 31 goals from 218 appearances
- Albert Robert "Bobby" Mills (1894–1964) marathon runner, competed in the 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics
- Charlie Craven (1909–1972) footballer, 265 pro appearances for Grimsby Town F.C.
- Ray Harrison (1921–2000) professional footballer, over 200 pro appearances
- Peter Brotherton (born 1931) former British cyclist, competed in the tandem event at the 1956 Summer Olympics
- Bernard Codd (c1934-2013) professional motorcycle road racer
- Mike Pinner (born 1934) amateur footballer who played for Great Britain in the Olympics (1956 and 1960)
- Gordon Bolland (born 1943) retired footballer and manager
- Simon Garner (born 1959) former professional footballer, 474 pro appearances for Blackburn Rovers F.C.
- Simon Clark (born 1967) former professional footballer and manager, now coach at Charlton Athletic F.C.
- Howard Forinton (born 1975) footballer, approx. 300 pro appearances
- John Oster (born 1978) former professional footballer, made 487 pro appearances
- Daniel Butterfield (born 1979) former professional footballer, 488 pro appearances
- Melanie Marshall (born 1982) former swimmer
- Ben Wilson (born 1982) motorcycle racer
- Hannah Macleod MBE (born 1984) field hockey player.
- Crista Cullen MBE (born 1985) Olympic Gold Medal winning English field hockey player
- Matt Hocking (born 1978) football defender, over 300 pro appearances
- Anthony Elding (born 1982) professional footballer, over 400 pro appearances
- Oliver Ryan (born 1985) professional footballer having played with Lincoln City
- Simon Lambert (born 1989) speedway rider
- Emma Bristow (born 1990) motorcycle trials rider and current Women's World Champion
- Kieran Tscherniawsky (born 1992) paralympian athlete, category F33 discus
- Tom Hopper (born 1993) professional footballer, plays for Scunthorpe United F.C.
Town twinning and association
Boston joined the new Hanseatic League, in July 2015, a project for trade, cultural and educational integration. Boston's twin towns include:
- Boston United F.C.
- Endeavour Radio – Community Radio station
- Dynamic Cassette International
- List of road protests in the UK and Ireland – Boston Bypass is listed
- Lincs FM – Local Commercial Radio Station
- (Excel). Office for National Statistics. 23 June 2016 Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland: mid-2015 https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/bulletins/annualmidyearpopulationestimates/mid2015 Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland: mid-2015 Check
|url=value (help). Retrieved 5 November 2016. Missing or empty
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- Morris (1986), Landowner 12, §67.
- Morris (1979), p. 101.
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-  CWGC Cemetery Report, Boston Cemetery.
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-  CWGC Cemetery Report, Boston Municipal Borough.
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- "Boston Borough Council". Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- The Oxford Book of National Biography – September 2004, quoted on The Early History of The Illustrated London News
- "Hussey Tower". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
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- Endeavour Radio
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 January 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
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- "Blackfriars Theatre and Arts Centre". www.blackfriarsartscentre.co.uk.
- Carter, Helen (12 October 2006). "Lincolnshire: home of the porker?". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 30 July 2007.
- "Forest Schools – Ethos". Boston, Lincolnshire: Lincolnshire Forest Schools. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
Typically, a Scandinavian Forest School utilised a basic farm building as a base, but children, up to the age of seven, spent the majority of the day outdoors with children using nature as their main resource.
- "Welcome to St George's Preparatory School, Boston". Boston, Lincolnshire: St George's Preparatory School and Little Dragons Nursery. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "Boston (1.)", Encyclopædia Britannica, 4 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 72
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Boston (England)", Encyclopædia Britannica, 4 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 289–290
- Morris, Anthony Edwin James (1979), History of Urban Form: Before the Industrial Revolution, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 0-7114-5512-0
- Morris, John, ed. (1986), Domesday Book, Vol. 31: Lincolnshire, Chister: Phillimore, originally collected 1086, ISBN 0-85033-598-1
- Rigby, S.H., ed. (2005), The Overseas Trade of Boston in the Reign of Richard II, Lincoln Record Society, No. 93, Woodbridge: Boydell, ISBN 0-901503-74-6
- Thompson, Pishey (1820), Collections for a Topographical and Historical Account of Boston, and the Hundred of Skirbeck, Boston: J. Noble
- Thompson, Pishey (1856), The History and Antiquities of Boston..., Boston, ISBN 0-948639-20-2
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- This appears to have been lifted from a nineteenth-century trade directory. It would therefore, itself be an historical text.
- Boston's entry in the Parliamentary Gazetteer of 1843–4
- The Parliamentary Boundary Commissioners' Report on Boston Borough, 1831