Boston Landmarks Commission
Urban renewal in the United States started with the Housing Act of 1949, part of President Harry Truman's Fair Deal. In Boston, almost a third of the old city was demolished, including the historic West End, to make way for a new highway, low- and moderate-income high-rises, and new government and commercial buildings. The Boston Landmarks Commission was created by legislation in 1975 as a response to the mass demolitions, particularly the demolition of the Jordan Marsh Building on Washington Street. Built in the 1860s, the ornate building featured a well-known corner clock tower designed by Nathaniel J. Bradlee. Along with an entire row of annex buildings, the building was torn down in 1975 and replaced by a new building. Public outrage and grass roots protests influenced preservation legislation and sparked preservation action. There are now over 8000 landmarked properties in Boston.
The chief responsibilities of the Landmark Commission include identifying historic resources through preservation surveys, protecting and recognizing historic properties through designation, and preserving designated Landmarks through the design review process.
The BLC also administers Article 85 Demolition Delay for the entire city of Boston. Whenever a building proposed to be demolished is determined by BLC staff to be significant, the public is invited to testify at a public hearing. If the BLC invokes a 90-day Demolition Delay as a result, there is an opportunity for the community to participate in discussions with the developer and explore alternatives to demolition.
The Commission meets twice a month on second and fourth Tuesdays - Design Review starts a few hours prior to the business portion at every fourth Tuesday hearing. Applicants propose changes to a Landmark by presenting at the hearing, and the public is invited to comment.
Commissioners are nominated by professional and neighborhood organizations, and appointed by the Mayor. Most are also confirmed by City Council. All commissioner positions are voluntary. There are 85 commissioner slots among the Boston Landmarks Commission and the 9 local historic commissions, although BLC commissioners also hold slots on local commissions.
There are currently 7 historic designated districts and 2 architectural districts. Each district has its own commission staffed by a preservation planner within the Boston Landmarks Commission. The commissioners assure that the architectural and historical integrity of the district is not compromised. The districts include:
- Historic Beacon Hill District 
- Back Bay Architectural District 
- Bay State Road/ Back Bay West Architectural Conservation District 
- St. Botolph Architectural Conservation District 
- Bay Village Historic District 
- South End Landmark District 
- Mission Hill Triangle Architectural Conservation District 
- Aberdeen Architectural Conservation District 
- Fort Point Channel Landmark District 
Fort Point was most recently designated in 2008 after the Boston Wharf Co.-owned 55-acre industrial area was sold to several buyers.
- "Urban Renewal | The West End Museum". thewestendmuseum.org. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
- Historic Beacon Hill District https://www.boston.gov/historic-district/historic-beacon-hill-district
- Back Bay Architectural District https://www.boston.gov/historic-district/back-bay-architectural-district
- Bay State Road/ Back Bay West Architectural Conservation District https://www.boston.gov/historic-district/bay-state-roadback-bay-west-area-architectural-conservation-district
- St. Botolph Architectural Conservation District https://www.boston.gov/historic-district/saint-botolph
- Bay Village Historic District https://www.boston.gov/historic-district/saint-botolph
- South End Landmark District https://www.boston.gov/historic-district/south-end-landmark-district
- Mission Hill Triangle Architectural Conservation District https://www.boston.gov/historic-district/mission-hill-triangle
- Aberdeen Architectural Conservation District https://www.boston.gov/historic-district/aberdeen-architectural-conservation-district
- Fort Point Channel Landmark District https://www.boston.gov/historic-district/fort-point-channel