Boston University School of Public Health

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Boston University
School of Public Health
Boston University Talbot Building 01.JPG
The Talbot Building
Latin: Universitas Bostoniensis
Type Private
Established 1976
Dean Sandro Galea
Academic staff
150 full time, 200 part time
Students 1,078
Location Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Campus Urban
Website http://bu.edu/sph

Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) is one of the graduate schools of Boston University. Founded in 1976, the School offers master’s- and doctoral-level programs in public health. It is located in the heart of Boston University's Medical Campus in the South End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. The school has more than 6,500 alumni, 150 full-time faculty, 200 part-time faculty; its students hail from more than 43 countries, and its total research portfolio is worth more than $180 million.[1][2][3][4] BUSPH is fully accredited by the Association of Schools of Public Health[5] and ranked 10th among Public Health Graduate Schools by U.S. News & World Report.

The mission of BUSPH is “to improve the health of populations locally, nationally, and internationally, with a special focus on the disadvantaged, underserved, and vulnerable.”[6] The school describes its values statement as follows: "Our values drive what we do and how we do it. We are deeply committed to igniting positive change in the world. We seek to create a respectful, collaborative, diverse, and inclusive community within SPH, and to promote justice, human rights, and equity within and across our local and global communities. We are bold in our pursuit of knowledge that matters, creative in our pursuit of solutions, and innovative in our education. In all we do, it is our engagement with people, communities, and institutions in the world beyond our academic walls that leads to success."

These statements guide BUSPH’s activities—including research, scholarship, education, and translation—through its principles of significance, diversity, equity, and collaboration. Faculty in six departments—Biostatistics; Community Health Sciences; Environmental Health; Epidemiology; Global Health; and Health Law, Policy & Management—conduct research that informs public health policies around the world.[7]

The current dean is Dr. Sandro Galea. Former dean Dr. Robert Meenan stepped down at the end of 2014 after serving in the role for 21 years.[8] Upon joining BUSPH, Dean Galea described the school as a “world-class research institution that places special emphasis on real-world education and practice. BUSPH generates knowledge, transmits knowledge to students, and then translates that knowledge to all constituencies to assure conditions for people to be healthy.”[9]

History[edit]

The school was established in 1976 as a program within the Department of Socio-Medical Sciences and Community Medicine with an initial class of 54 MPH students and 20 non-degree students. It was the brainchild of Dr. Douglas K. Decker, who designed its admission criteria (successful healthcare managers and practitioners), curriculum (practical, rather than theoretical), teaching approach (pairing academicians and accomplished practitioners in the field), and schedule (night classes only held on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday so that working medical professionals could attend.) The first dean was Dr. Norman A. Scotch, who guided the school through the accreditation process.

In 1977, 59 part-time students were admitted to the MPH program. There were two concentrations: Health Delivery Systems, and Health Research and Evaluation. Two new concentrations were added in 1978, Health Regulation and Planning, and Public Health Law.

On June 26, 1979, BUSPH became an official school of Boston University, matriculating 156 students and offering afternoon courses for the first time. It had five programs: Environmental Health, Health Care Systems, Public Health Law, Research and Evaluation, and Social and Behavioral Sciences.[10] That same year the first graduation ceremony was held for 46 graduates.

In 1981, the school expanded to include the departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. It also began accepting full time students and enrolled its first international students. The International Health department was created the following year. In 1983, the School received its full accreditation by the Council on Education for Public Health.

The Office of Special Projects was established in 1985 to provide education and training in international health and to conduct overseas and domestic research and service programs. This Office later became the Center for International Health, which housed the Department of International Health. The following year the first doctoral student graduated.

Dr. Robert Meenan assumed BUSPH’s leadership in 1993. The school experienced significant growth during his 22 years as dean, matriculating 370 MPH students in 2012, moving to its current location in the historic Talbot Building, and instituting a practicum requirement for MPH students.

In 2015, the current dean Dr. Sandro Galea joined BUSPH. The school became a top 10 school of public health in the United States that same year. In 2016, under the leadership of the Dean of Education Lisa Sullivan, the School introduced a new MPH program, featuring a core curriculum, interdisciplinary certificates, and professional development and practical education throughout the curriculum.[11][12]

Granted Degrees[edit]

Boston University School of Public Health grants degrees in the following academic concentrations:

  • Biostatistics (MPH, MA, PhD)
  • Environmental Health (MPH, MS, PhD)
  • Epidemiology (MPH, MS, PhD)
  • Global Health (MPH)
  • Health Law, Bioethics and Human Rights (MPH)
  • Health Policy & Management (MPH, MS, PhD)
  • Leadership, Management, and Policy (DrPH)
  • Maternal and Child Health (MPH)
  • Social and Behavioral Sciences (MPH)

Dual Degrees[edit]

Dual degree programs are also available with other schools at Boston University. The dual degree typically allows the student to finish both degrees in less time than if the degrees were attempted separately. BUSPH offers dual degrees with the following schools:

Research[edit]

BUSPH’s research portfolio is one of the largest at BU, the fourth largest research university in the country. Four broad areas of research focus represent the work of the school: urban living, gaining and well-being, health across the life-course, and health systems. Notable studies include:

  • Framingham Heart Study, a long-term, ongoing cardiovascular study on residents of the town of Framingham, Massachusetts, which has been cited in over 1,000 medical papers since it began in 1948.
  • Black Women’s Health Study, funded by the National Institutes of Health, began in 1995 and follows a cohort of the 59,000 women who enrolled. The study focuses on the drivers of cancer and other diseases among African-American women.
  • Drunk driving and alcohol policy studies by BUSPH faculty developed the research base for nationwide legislation related to drunk driving laws.[13] More recently, findings have shown clear links between state alcohol policies and rates of drunk driving.[14]
  • Research Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans’ Illnesses, directed by BUSPH, examines the underlying causes and potential treatments of gulf war syndrome.[15]
  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in Nicaragua Study, conducted in partnership with the World Bank, examines the underlying cause of CKD in sugarcane workers in rural Nicaragua.[16]
  • Gun violence studies, including a study linking state-level gun restrictions and violence, a study on how restrictive state gun policies lower young people’s access to guns, and a study showing that states with higher estimated rates of gun ownership experienced a higher incidence of non-stranger firearms homicides.[17]
  • Obesity paradox study, showing that past research on obesity’s link to mortality was flawed because the research used a one-time measure of an individual’s weight rather than looking at weight changes over time.[18]
  • Substance Use studies, including showing that patients who use marijuana have lower odds of achieving abstinence from other drugs and alcohol,[19] that recreational drug use on weekends often turns into more frequent use,[20] and that benzodiazepines increase the risk of opioid overdose.[21]
  • New England Centenarian Study, one of the oldest such studies in the world, explores the reasons why some people reach very advanced ages and others do not, including genetics and lifestyle factors.
  • Electronic cigarettes studies, making the initial determination that e-cigarettes are a healthier alternative to smoking.[22]

Notable Alumni[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boston University School of Public Health
  2. ^ Association of Schools of Public Health BUSPH
  3. ^ SPH Ranked Top 10 Public Health School by U.S. News & World Report
  4. ^ Best Public Health Schools
  5. ^ Association of Schools of Public Health Member Schools
  6. ^ "SPH at a Glance | SPH | Boston University". School of Public Health. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  7. ^ "Departments | SPH | Boston University". School of Public Health. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  8. ^ "Robert Meenan to Step Down as SPH Dean | BU Today | Boston University". BU Today. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  9. ^ "An Introduction | SPH | Boston University". School of Public Health. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  10. ^ Boston University School of Public Health
  11. ^ "The BU MPH: A Graduate Public Health Curriculum for Today and Tomorrow | SPH | Boston University". School of Public Health. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  12. ^ "About | SPH | Boston University". School of Public Health. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  13. ^ "Legal Drinking Age Of 21 Saves Lives, Even Though It's Flouted". NPR.org. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  14. ^ "Rates of Drunk Driving Tied to State Alcohol Policies | SPH | Boston University". School of Public Health. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  15. ^ "Research Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans’ Illnesses | SPH | Boston University". School of Public Health. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  16. ^ (PDF) http://www.cao-ombudsman.org/cases/document-links/documents/03H_BU_FINAL_report_scopestudyCRI_18.Dec.2009.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ Marino, Michelle. "BUSPH researchers find correlation between gun ownership, non-stranger homicide". The Daily Free Press. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  18. ^ "Obesity Paradox Doesn’t Hold Up | SPH | Boston University". School of Public Health. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  19. ^ "ASPPH | BU Study Finds Marijuana Use May Stymy Drug and Alcohol Abstinence". www.aspph.org. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  20. ^ "Recreational drug use on weekends often morphs into daily use, BU study finds". EurekAlert!. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  21. ^ "Addition of Benzodiazepines Increases Risk of Overdose among Opioid Users | SPH | Boston University". School of Public Health. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  22. ^ Tavernise, Sabrina (2014-02-22). "A Hot Debate Over E-Cigarettes as a Path to Tobacco, or From It". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°20′08″N 71°04′14″W / 42.335588°N 71.070653°W / 42.335588; -71.070653