A Boston butt is the slightly wedged shaped portion of the pork shoulder above the standard picnic cut which includes the blade bone and the "lean butt" (which is boneless), both extensions of the tenderloin cut and can be used in place of the tenderloin. Generally the pork shoulder is considered a primal cut with the picnic and butt sections being sub-primal cuts however, some sources do refer to the butt as a primary cut.
The tenderloin is closer to the rear of the hog. The shoulder is at the front.
The Boston butt gets its name simply from the fact that it is the wider end of the front shoulder. Butt is old English for “wide end” like the butt of a gun.
- United States. Department of the Air Force (1968). The Veterinary Technician. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 6.
- The Hotel/motor Hotel Monthly. Clissold Publishing Company. 1915. p. 9.
- Tia Harrison (15 February 2013). Butchery and Sausage-Making For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 152. ISBN 978-1-118-38744-3.