Boswellia serrata

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Boswellia serrata
Boswellia serrata (Salai) in Kinnarsani WS, AP W2 IMG 5840.jpg
in Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Genus: Boswellia
B. serrata
Binomial name
Boswellia serrata

Boswellia serrata is a plant that produces Indian frankincense. It is also known as Indian oli-banum, Salai guggul, and Sallaki in Sanskrit.[1] The plant is native to much of India and the Punjab region that extends into Pakistan.[2]

Research and usage[edit]

Extracts of Boswellia serrata have been clinically studied for osteoarthritis and joint function, with the research showing trends of benefit (slight improvement) in pain and function, warranting further investigation.[3] Positive effects of Boswellia in some chronic inflammatory diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, bronchial asthma, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease have been reported.[4] It has been used in Indian traditional medicine for diabetes.[5]

Topical application[edit]

Boswellia serrata is used in the manufacture of the anti-wrinkle agent "Boswelox",[6] which has been criticised as being ineffective.[7]

Active constituents[edit]

Boswellia serrata contains chemical constituents mainly β-boswellic acid, acetyl-β-boswellic acid, 11-keto-β-boswellic acid and acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid.[8] Among boswellic acids, acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA) is the most potent in vitro inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase.[9][10]


  1. ^ Pole, Sebastian (2013) Ayurvedic Medicine: The Principles of Traditional Practice. Singing Dragon Press. p.179
  2. ^ "Boswellia serrata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  3. ^ Cameron, M; Chrubasik, S (May 22, 2014). "Oral herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis". Cochrane Summaries. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  4. ^ Ammon, HP (2010). "Modulation of the immune system by Boswellia serrata extracts and boswellic acids". Phytomedicine. 17 (11): 862–7. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2010.03.003. PMID 20696559.
  5. ^ Mehrzadi, S.; Tavakolifar, B.; Huseini, H. F.; Mosavat, S. H.; Heydari, M. (2018). "The Effects of Boswellia serrata Gum Resin on the Blood Glucose and Lipid Profile of Diabetic Patients: A Double-Blind Randomized Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial". Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine. 23: 2515690X18772728. doi:10.1177/2515690X18772728. PMC 5960856. PMID 29774768.
  6. ^ Wrinkle breakthrough claim from L'Oreal
  7. ^ L'Oreal slammed over cream claims
  8. ^ Dragos, Dorin; Gilca, Marilena; Gaman, Laura; Vlad, Adelina; Iosif, Liviu; Stoian, Irina; Lupescu, Olivera (2017-01-16). "Phytomedicine in Joint Disorders". Nutrients. 9 (1): 70. doi:10.3390/nu9010070. ISSN 2072-6643. PMC 5295114. PMID 28275210.
  9. ^ Siddiqui, M. Z. (May 2011). "Boswellia serrata, a potential antiinflammatory agent: an overview 7". Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 73 (3): 255–261. doi:10.4103/0250-474X.93507 (inactive 2018-11-07). PMC 3309643. PMID 22457547.
  10. ^ Meka, B. Z. (Feb 2017). "Synthesis of new analogs of AKBA and evaluation of their anti-inflammatory activities 7". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. 25 (4): 1374–1388. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2016.12.045. PMID 28110820.