Botany, New South Wales
Sydney, New South Wales
Botany School of Arts (1867), Botany Road
|Population||8,884 (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,066.6/km2 (2,762/sq mi)|
|Area||7 km2 (2.7 sq mi)|
|Location||11 km (7 mi) south of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Botany Bay|
|Federal Division(s)||Kingsford Smith|
Botany is a suburb in south-eastern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Botany is located 11 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the City of Botany Bay.
Botany Bay is where Captain James Cook first landed on 29 April 1770, when navigating his way around Australia on his ship, the Endeavour. The ship's English botanist Joseph Banks and Swedish assistant botanist Daniel Solander, spent several days on shore collecting vast numbers of specimens, that were previously unknown in Europe. Cook's journals first referred to the bay as Sting Rays' Harbour, then later Botanist Bay and finally both these names were crossed out and replaced with Botany Bay. The suburb name comes from the bay it stands on.
Botany was originally planned as an agricultural district, in the same way the surrounding suburbs were used for market gardens. However, it became an industrial area with fellmongers yards and slaughter works. In 1809, Mr E Redmond was one of the first to settle here and Simeon Lord (1771–1840) was an important developer in the area who built a fulling mill in 1815. In 1823 he was granted 600 acres (2.4 km2) and more grants followed. Part of his estate was subdivided in 1859 to create the Booralee Township and the rest was subdivided in 1887. The Sydney Waterworks were established in Botany in 1858.
The Sir Joseph Banks Hotel was a popular hotel on the shores of Botany Bay. By 1850, a private zoo had been established there and visitors could go horse riding, play cricket and football. International athletes challenged the locals in the Sir Joseph Banks Handicap on the racetrack. In 1988, the Sir Joseph Banks Pleasure Gardens were refurbished with local industry contributions. The racing track was restored and an annual event called the Botany Bay Gift attracted international athletes again. The hotel, which was built in stages from 1840, is now listed on the Register of the National Estate. The other historic landmark in the area is St Matthew's Church of England, on the corner of Botany Road and Lord Street. It was built in 1862 and is now on the Register of the National Estate.
Former tram line service
The city line to Botany opened in 1882 as a steam tramway, with electric services commencing in 1903. The service from Circular Quay initially via Elizabeth, Chalmers and Redfern Streets (from 1902), then in 1933 via Pitt and Castlereagh Streets, and Eddy Avenue, Lee and Regents Streets, to Botany Street in Waterloo. A single-track connection along Bourke and O'Dea Streets joined at the present day Green Square, allowing access to the Dowling Street Depot. The line then passed down the entire length of Botany Road to Botany.
In Mascot, a branch led to the former Ascot Racecourse at the site of Sydney Airport. Points were provided at Bay Street on Botany Road in Botany, for short working. The line was double track throughout. From Botany, a single-track line crossed the Botany Goods railway at Beauchamp Road, then passed along Perry Street and Bunnerong Road, past the former Bunnerong Power Station to join the La Perouse line at Yarra Junction. Generally a shuttle service operated on this single track section between Botany, and La Perouse. This single-track line was cut back to Military Road in 1935. The line from the junctions at Cleveland Street to Botany, closed in 1960. Sydney Buses route 309 generally follows the route.
According to the 2011 census of Population, there were 8,884 residents in Botany. The most common ancestries in Botany were Australian 23.8%, English 20.2%, Irish 8.1%, Scottish 5.5% and Chinese 3.7%. 65.3% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were England 3.2%, New Zealand 2.7%, Philippines 1.8%, Indonesia 1.3% and China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 0.9%. In Botany 70.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Greek 2.5%, Spanish 2.2%, Italian 1.4%, Indonesian 1.4% and Cantonese 1.4%. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 39.8%, Anglican 16.3%, No Religion 13.7%, Eastern Orthodox 5.8% and Buddhism 2.3%.
Port Botany is the site of Sydney's major port and as such, Botany is a suburb with extensive commercial development centred on shipping and freight. Botany also has a large chemical production facility owned by several companies including Huntsman and Orica (previously ICI). The plant was built in the 1940s and was has been owned by Orica since 1997. The plant once manufactured paints, plastics and industrial chemicals such as solvents, and is responsible for a large groundwater plume of pollution in the area. The main shopping centre in Botany runs along Botany Road.
Fire Station in Arts and Crafts style, Banksia Street
Sir Joseph Banks Park comprises Foreshore Reserve and the Sir Joseph Banks Pleasure Gardens. Foreshore Reserve is 28 hectares of bushland on land reclaimed from Botany Bay. The Reserve features walking tracks through sand dunes to protected wetlands, formed around a network of ponds. The Pleasure Gardens reflect the history of the area with a zoo playground featuring life size animal statues, a mosaic depicting Banks’s journey, decorative flag terrace, Banksia garden and the central oval running track. A statue of Sir Joseph Banks examining botanical specimens is located in the pleasure gardens.
Botany features low density housing and increasingly medium density developments, particularly terraces and small apartment buildings. This increase in development in Botany has been as a result of increased urbanisation, with the redevelopment of industrial areas, allowing developers to take advantage of the proximity to beaches and CBD.
Botany Public School is located in Botany Road. The original schoolroom is a small brick building with Gothic influences, built in 1868.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Botany (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Gregory's Sydney Street Directory, Gregory's Publishing Company, 2007
- Book of Sydney Suburbs, Frances Pollon (Angus and Robertson) 1990, p.35
- Book of Sydney Suburbs, p.35
- The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/14
- The Heritage of Australia, p.2/14
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Botany (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Botany pollution fears grow". Sydney Morning Herald. 2005. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- Mark Butler (2011). "Botany". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 25 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]
- Joanne Sippel (2013). "Booralee fishing town". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 25 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]
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