Botany (New Zealand electorate)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Botany electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Botany is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was contested for the first time at the 2008 general election, and won by Pansy Wong for the National Party. Following Wong's resignation in late 2010, a by-election returned Jami-Lee Ross, who was confirmed by the voters in the 2011 general election.

Population centres[edit]

Botany was created after the 2006 Census due to high population growth in and around Auckland, and is one of several sweeping changes to the electoral landscape of South Auckland - the southern end of Port Waikato was lanced and combined with the area around Clevedon township to create Hunua; the resultant change pulled the Clevedon electorate tighter around the city of Papakura for which the electorate is now named. In the north, Manukau East was pulled up through Otahuhu into Auckland City, in the process dropping the western suburbs of Flat Bush, East Tamaki, Dannemora and Botany Downs, which were combined with fragments of the Clevedon and Pakuranga electorates to create Botany.

Demographics[edit]

Demographically, Botany is older than the rest of New Zealand, with over half of its population aged over 30; It has three times as many Chinese New Zealanders than the national average (33.5 versus 9.2%), and nearly twice as many Pacific Islanders (13 to 7%), which makes Botany a minority-majority electorate. Botany has the highest number of people born overseas of any New Zealand electorate (49% in 2006), the most Buddhists in a New Zealand electorate and the highest number of one-family homes. The average income in the electorate is high, with over half of the electorate's residents earning over $50,000 a year.

A 2005 academic survey assessing the voting behaviour of Asian New Zealanders[1] showed a strong preference for the Labour Party, with a sizeable proportion prepared to vote for the National Party (47 to 40); it also showed that among Asian New Zealanders, the most important issues were the economy and law and order. This was demonstrated by a large anti-crime march (a crowd of 15,000 was estimated, with a significant number of these being Asian New Zealanders) was held in Auckland (on the streets of Botany) in July 2008 amidst claims of increasing violent crime in New Zealand targeted against its Asian population.[2] The march's organiser Peter Low used his website to clarify his position, calling for harsher sentencing, victims' rights and zero "criminal rights".[3]

History[edit]

Botany was first created for the 2008 general election, and won by Pansy Wong for the National Party.

Both National and the ACT party stood Chinese New Zealanders as their candidates in 2008; Pansy Wong and Kenneth Wang, respectively. Labour chose Koro Tawa, an Auckland University lecturer. Raymond Huo, a Chinese-speaking lawyer, was initially mooted for the Labour nomination, but eventually chose to stand as a list-only candidate.[4][5]

On 14 December 2010 it was announced that a by-election was to be held on 5 March 2011 due to the resignation of incumbent MP Pansy Wong.[6] The electorate was won by Jami-Lee Ross from the New Zealand National Party.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National  

Election Winner
2008 election Pansy Wong
2011 by-election Jami-Lee Ross
2011 election
2014 election

As of 2014 no candidates that have contested the Botany electorate have been returned as list MPs.

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: Botany[7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Jami-Lee Ross 21,044 63.84 −0.19 20,016 59.42 −1.71
Labour Tofik Mamedov 7,549 22.90 −2.45 7,473 22.19 −1.59
Conservative Paul Young 3,053 9.26 +1.57 1,519 4.51 +1.83
Independent David McCormick 668 2.03 +2.03
NZ First   1,825 5.42 +1.02
Green   1,461 4.34 −0.06
ACT   808 2.40 +0.75
Internet Mana   204 0.61 +0.36[a]
Legalise Cannabis   90 0.27 −0.02
Māori   71 0.21 −0.08
United Future   49 0.15 −0.17
Ban 1080   12 0.04 +0.04
Independent Coalition   9 0.03 +0.03
Civilian   8 0.02 +0.02
Focus   6 0.02 +0.02
Democrats   5 0.01 −0.01
Informal votes 648 128
Total Valid votes 32,962 33,684
Turnout 33,812 71.00 +3.25
National hold Majority 13,495 40.94 +2.26

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: Botany[8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Jami-Lee Ross 17,780 64.03 +7.81 17,749 61.13 -0.11
Labour Chao-Fu Wu 7,039 25.35 +4.29 7,111 24.49 -0.69
Conservative Paul Young 2,135 7.69 +7.69 777 2.68 +2.68
ACT Lyn Murphy 631 2.27 -12.98 478 1.65 -3.19
United Future Ram Parkash 185 0.67 -0.72 94 0.32 -0.37
NZ First   1,278 4.40 +2.26
Green   1,277 4.40 +2.01
Legalise Cannabis   85 0.29 +0.10
Māori   84 0.29 -0.02
Mana   72 0.25 +0.25
Libertarianz   13 0.04 +0.01
Alliance   9 0.03 +0.01
Democrats   7 0.02 +0.02
Informal votes 1,069 238
Total Valid votes 27,770 29,034
National hold Majority 10,741 38.68 +3.52

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 43,204[9]

2011 by-election[edit]

Official results of the 5 March by-election.[10]

Botany by-election, 2011

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Jami-Lee Ross 8,352 54.25 -1.97
Labour Michael Wood 4,380 28.45 +7.39
New Citizen Paul Young 1,626 10.56
ACT Lyn Murphy 687 4.46 -10.80
Independent Penny Bright 128 0.83
Legalise Cannabis Leo Biggs 61 0.40
Independent Wayne Young 54 0.35
Join Australia Robin Caithness 45 0.29
Pirate Hussain Al-saady 32 0.21
Independent Robert Goh 31 0.20
Informal votes 25 0.16
Total Valid votes 15,396 35.84
National hold Majority 3,972 25.76 -9.40


2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: Botany[11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Pansy Wong 17,382 56.22 19,355 61.25
Labour Koro Tawa 6,510 21.06 7,958 25.18
ACT Kenneth Wang 4,717 15.26 1,528 4.84
Green Peter Cooper 1,226 3.97 756 2.39
United Future Judy Carter 428 1.38 220 0.70
Progressive Racheal Cheam 304 0.98 217 0.69
Kiwi Simon Kan 212 0.69 125 0.40
Independent Raj Subramanian 140 0.45
NZ First   678 2.15
Pacific   295 0.93
Family Party   166 0.53
Bill and Ben   98 0.31
Māori   98 0.31
Legalise Cannabis   62 0.20
Workers Party   13 0.04
Libertarianz   10 0.03
Alliance   8 0.03
RONZ   7 0.02
RAM   6 0.02
Democrats   2 0.01
Informal votes 386 131
Total Valid votes 30,919 31,602
National win new seat Majority 10,872 35.16


Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Asian Vote". New Zealand Listener. 2004-08-20. 
  2. ^ "Huge turnout for anti-crime march". TVNZ News. 2004-07-05. 
  3. ^ "ASIAN ANTI-CRIME GROUP (AAG) TRUST NEW ZEALAND". Asian Anti-Crime Group Trust. 2004-08-05. 
  4. ^ Tan, Lincoln (20 June 2008). "Botany a hot Asian battleground". The New Zealand Herald. 
  5. ^ Blockley, Louise (22 August 2008). "Raymond Huo on Labour list". Te Waha Nui. 
  6. ^ Cheng, Derek (14 December 2010). "Pansy Wong resigns as MP". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 21 September 2011. 
  7. ^ Electoral Commission (21 January 2016). "Official Count Results – Botany". Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Botany results, 2011
  9. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "By-Election Results -- Botany". electionresults.govt.nz. 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  11. ^ Election result: Botany, 2008 Archived December 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]