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Boteco or Botequim/Butiquim (Brazilian Portuguese: [boˈtɛku / boteˈkĩ / butʃiˈkĩ]) are terms derived from the Portuguese of Portugal "botica", (cognate with Castilian Spanish "bodega") which derives from the Greek "Apotheke", which means storage, grocery store or where goods were sold by retail.
In Portugal the "boteco" was a warehouse or store where groceries and offal were sold and the same meaning belongs to the Spanish bodega.
In Brazil, the boteco (buteco), or botequim, was traditionally known as a place where alcoholic beverages were sold, serving as a meeting place for "bohemians", who looked for a good drink, cheap snacks and a chat without obligation.
Alternatively, people in Brazil often refer to such an establishment as a bar; however, depending on the situation the more conventional meaning of this term, that of a watering hole, may also apply.
In Rio de Janeiro, the little "botequins" are also known as "caipirinha" or "copo-sujo" (dirty-cup). In Belo Horizonte, nationally known as the "Brazilian capital of the boteco", there are about 12,000 establishments, more botecos per capita than any other city in the world.
Also in Belo Horizonte is used often the term "boteco-copo-sujo" (dirty-cup-pub) which is an offshoot of the genre "boteco" for definition of the level of slovenliness of the establishment, in allusion to its appearance, as though welcoming, most no prizes for their apparent aspects such as cleaning or air. Among the delicacies of the most unusual boteco, we can cite the traditional liver with onions (figado acebolado), spicy chorizo (chouriço apimentado) or the fried scarlet eggplant (jiló frito), accompanied by beer, the chopp, the famous caipirinha or the cachaça.
There is even a well-known competition between the crowded bars of Belo Horizonte to select which has the best and most traditional pub food. This festival is called Comida de Boteco and was created in 1999 by gourmet Eduardo Maya.
The Mercado Central (Central Market place) in Belo Horizonte crowds several examples of traditional pubs of mining capital, with famous "tira-gosto" (snacks) (so called delicacies of foodstuff derived from the establishment)
Common terms and expressions
|cerveja gelada||[seɾˈveʒɐ ʒeˈladɐ]||cold beer|
|chopp||[ˈʃop(i)]||draft beer (from German "Schopp")|
|caipirinha||[kajpiˈɾiɲɐ]||typical drink, a blend of lime, cachaça, sugar and ice|
|cachaça||[kaˈʃasɐ]||typical beverage of sugarcane fermented and distilled|
|tira-gosto||[ˌtʃiɾɐ ˈɡostu/ˌtʃiɾɐ ˈɡoʃtu]||snacks|
|"Mais uma!"||[ˌmajz/ˌmaiʒ ˈumɐ]||I’ll have another!|
|"Desce mais uma rodada"||[ˈdɛsi ˈmajz umɐ ɦoˈdadɐ]||One more round|
|Saideira||[sajˈde(j)ɾɐ]||One last round, "one for the road" (cf. "saída" = exit, departure)|
- Dicionário Brasileiro da língua portuguesa: Encyclopædia Britannica do Brasil, 7ª ed., 1982
- New York Times - "Travel": about Belo Horizonte's botecos
- Official site of Comida de Boeco's party Archived March 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine..
- Central Market botecos