Botetourt County, Virginia

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Botetourt County, Virginia
Fincastle, Virginia (14197862266) (2).jpg
Botetourt County Courthouse
Seal of Botetourt County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Botetourt County
Location in the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1770
Named for Lord Botetourt
Seat Fincastle
Largest place Hollins
Area
 • Total 546 sq mi (1,414 km2)
 • Land 541 sq mi (1,401 km2)
 • Water 4.7 sq mi (12 km2), 0.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 33,347
 • Density 61/sq mi (24/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.botetourt.org

Botetourt County (/ˈbɒtətɒt/ BOT-ə-tot) is a United States county that lies in the Roanoke Region of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Located in the mountainous portion of the state, the county is bordered by two major ranges, the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains.

Botetourt County was created in 1770 from part of Augusta County, and was named for Norborne Berkeley, known as Lord Botetourt. Like Augusta County, Botetourt was originally a huge area; part of its land was later removed to form the entire state of Kentucky.

Botetourt County is part of the Roanoke Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area, and the county seat is the town of Fincastle.[1] As of the 2010 census, the county population was 33,148. The area has seen growth in recent decades, with the population increasing more than thirty percent since the 1990 census.[2]

History[edit]

Botetourt County, Virginia, from 1895 state map

First proposed in the House of Burgesses in 1767, Botetourt County was created in 1770 from Augusta County.[3] The county is named for Norborne Berkeley, Baron de Botetourt, more commonly known as Lord Botetourt (1718–1770), who was a popular governor of the Virginia Colony from 1768 to 1770, when he died suddenly while in office.[4]

In the 1770s, when Virginia claimed most of the Northwest Territory which would later form all or part of six states, the land was initially divided between Botetourt and Augusta Counties. The territory that would eventually become the state of Kentucky was quickly removed from Botetourt, however, and became Fincastle County in 1772 and then Kentucky County in 1776.[3]

Botetourt County is a part of the Roanoke Metropolitan Statistical Area, and the southern parts of the county have become increasingly suburban in recent decades. Much of the area's former farmland and orchards have been developed into residential subdivisions and businesses.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 546 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 541 square miles (1,400 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.9%) is water.[5] The Blue Ridge Mountains run along the eastern part of the county. The Appalachian Mountains run along the western part of the county. The two mountain ranges come close together, separated by the town of Buchanan and the James River.

The James River originates in Botetourt County, near the village of Iron Gate, just south of the Alleghany County border by the merger of the pristine Cowpasture River and the Jackson River. The James River runs south until Eagle Rock, where it turns east and meanders through the county, passing Springwood and James River High School until entering Buchanan. In Buchanan, the river turns northward and flows into Rockbridge County towards Glasgow.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 10,524
1800 10,427 −0.9%
1810 13,301 27.6%
1820 13,589 2.2%
1830 16,354 20.3%
1840 11,679 −28.6%
1850 14,908 27.6%
1860 11,516 −22.8%
1870 11,329 −1.6%
1880 14,809 30.7%
1890 14,854 0.3%
1900 17,161 15.5%
1910 17,727 3.3%
1920 16,557 −6.6%
1930 15,457 −6.6%
1940 16,447 6.4%
1950 15,766 −4.1%
1960 16,715 6.0%
1970 18,193 8.8%
1980 23,270 27.9%
1990 24,992 7.4%
2000 30,496 22.0%
2010 33,148 8.7%
Est. 2016 33,231 [6] 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2015[2]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 30,496 people, 11,700 households, and 9,114 families residing in the county. The population density was 56 people per square mile (22/km²). There were 12,571 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.91% White, 3.52% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 0.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,700 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.80% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.10% were non-families. 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 28.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,731, and the median income for a family was $55,125. Males had a median income of $37,182 versus $25,537 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,218. About 3.60% of families and 5.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.40% of those under age 18 and 6.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Board of Supervisors[edit]

  • Amsterdam District: Todd L. Dodson (Vice Chairman) (R)
  • Blue Ridge District: Billy W. Martin, Sr. (R)
  • Buchanan District: John Williamson (R)
  • Fincastle District: L. W. "Jack" Leffel (Chairman) (I)
  • Valley District: Dr. Donald M. "Mac" Scothorn (R)

Constitutional Officers[edit]

  • Clerk of the Circuit Court: Tommy L. Moore (D)
  • Commissioner of the Revenue: Rodney Spickard (R)
  • Commonwealth's Attorney: Joel R. Branscom (R)
  • Sheriff: Ronald N. Sprinkle (R)
  • Treasurer: William P. Arney (R)

Botetourt County is represented by Republican Stephen D. "Steve" Newman in the Virginia Senate, Republicans Chris T. Head and Terry L. Austin in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican Robert W. "Bob" Goodlatte in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Education[edit]

Botetourt County Public Schools operates public schools serving the county.

There are two high schools in Botetourt County. Lord Botetourt High School opened in suburban Daleville in the fall of 1959. James River High School in Buchanan also opened in 1959.

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.4% 13,375 24.0% 4,494 4.7% 870
2012 68.4% 12,479 29.9% 5,452 1.7% 310
2008 65.9% 11,471 32.7% 5,693 1.4% 242
2004 68.8% 10,865 30.4% 4,801 0.8% 131
2000 64.1% 8,867 33.4% 4,627 2.5% 346
1996 51.7% 6,404 37.0% 4,576 11.3% 1,400
1992 48.4% 5,904 35.6% 4,349 16.0% 1,956
1988 59.3% 5,687 39.2% 3,763 1.5% 141
1984 64.2% 5,959 34.9% 3,243 0.9% 87
1980 51.2% 4,408 43.0% 3,698 5.8% 496
1976 44.1% 3,343 53.1% 4,021 2.8% 209
1972 69.4% 3,806 27.7% 1,519 2.9% 156
1968 50.5% 2,598 24.8% 1,272 24.7% 1,270
1964 46.9% 2,098 53.1% 2,377 0.0% 1
1960 56.8% 2,159 42.6% 1,621 0.6% 22
1956 60.7% 2,280 36.6% 1,377 2.7% 101
1952 61.5% 2,021 38.5% 1,264 0.0% 1
1948 51.8% 1,363 39.0% 1,026 9.2% 242
1944 49.7% 1,272 49.8% 1,275 0.6% 15
1940 44.8% 1,085 54.9% 1,329 0.3% 8
1936 46.3% 1,343 53.2% 1,544 0.5% 14
1932 39.5% 1,209 59.1% 1,808 1.3% 41
1928 56.8% 1,575 43.2% 1,200
1924 45.9% 1,264 51.8% 1,427 2.3% 63
1920 48.2% 1,240 51.7% 1,331 0.1% 3
1916 45.8% 775 53.2% 900 1.0% 16
1912 32.2% 517 55.3% 889 12.6% 202

The Republican candidate for president has won the support of Botetourt County in 11 of the last 13 races. The county also voted Republican for Governor in 2005 and 2009.

Fire & emergency medical services[edit]

Botetourt County Fire & EMS uses a combination of career staff and volunteers to provide fire protection, emergency medical services, fire safety education, swiftwater rescue, and other emergency services to the county. The department operates out of seven stations with a range of fire apparatus and ambulances to provide these services.[13][14]

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roanoke Region of Virginia
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b McClane, Debra Alderson (2007). Botetourt County. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub. ISBN 9780738543758. 
  4. ^ Salmon, Emily J.; Campbell, Jr, Edward D.C. (1994). The hornbook of Virginia history : a ready-reference guide to the Old Dominion's people, places, and past (4th ed.). Richmond: Library of Virginia. p. 161. ISBN 0884901777. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  13. ^ "Fire Stations". Botetourt County Fire and EMS. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Fincastle Fire and Rescue Merger". WSLS 10. Retrieved 1 October 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°33′N 79°48′W / 37.55°N 79.80°W / 37.55; -79.80