Botev Peak

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Botev Peak
връх Ботев
Botev Peak.jpg
Botev Peak
Highest point
Elevation 2,376 m (7,795 ft) [1]
Prominence 1,567 m (5,141 ft) [1]
Listing Ultra
Coordinates 42°43′03″N 24°55′00″E / 42.71750°N 24.91667°E / 42.71750; 24.91667Coordinates: 42°43′03″N 24°55′00″E / 42.71750°N 24.91667°E / 42.71750; 24.91667[1]
Geography
Botev Peak is located in Bulgaria
Botev Peak
Botev Peak
Location in Bulgaria
Location Central Balkan National Park, Bulgaria
Parent range Balkan Mountains
Climbing
Easiest route a two and a half hour climb from Ray Resthouse (1,560 m) at the south foot
View of Botev Peak from I-6 road (Bulgaria)

Botev Peak (Bulgarian: Връх Ботев, Vrah Botev) is, at 2,376 metres (7,795 ft) above sea level, the highest peak of the Balkan Mountains. It is located close to the geographic centre of Bulgaria, and is part of the Central Balkan National Park.

Until 1950, when it was renamed in honour of Bulgarian poet and revolutionary Hristo Botev, the peak was called Yumrukchal (Юмрукчал, from Ottoman Turkish Yumrukçal, 'a fist-like peak').

A weather station and a radio tower (opened on 10 July 1966) that covers 65% of the country are located on Botev Peak. The average temperature is −8.9 °C (16.0 °F) in January and 7.9 °C (46.2 °F) in July.

"Botev Peak" is the main facility of Bulgarian FM and TV broadcasting network. The situation at the top near the geographical center of Bulgaria contribute to national radio broadcasts and television broadcast here to cover more than 65% throughout the country, also in parts of Romania and Turkey.[2]

Channels listed by frequency[edit]

Analogue radio[edit]

Radio programme FM frequency ERP Remarks
BNR Hristo Botev 92,20 MHz 117.5 kW (10 kW TRP) 1966-2003: 72.44 MHz
1977-1998: 71.66 MHz (to 1992: Programme Orpheus/Znanie; to 1998: Radio Plovdiv)
BNR Horizont 100,90 MHz 117.5 kW (10 kW TRP) 1966-2003: 70.88 MHz

Digital television[edit]

TV programme Channel ERP Remarks
National Multiplex 2 - "Pleven" Zone (bTV, Nova, BNT 1, BNT 2, BNT HD, Bulgaria On Air) 57 3 kW (20 kW TRP) Radiation in direction North

Analogue television (prior to 2013)[edit]

TV programme Channel ERP Remarks
BNT 1 11 ~100 kW (20 kW TRP)
bTV 24 ~100 kW (40 kW TRP) 1975-2000: Efir 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Europe Ultra-Prominences" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  2. ^ "Предавател България • Радио и телевизия от връх Ботев, Radio & Television from Botev peak". Predavatel.com. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 

External links[edit]