Botev Peak

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Botev Peak
връх Ботев
Botev Peak.jpg
Botev Peak
Highest point
Elevation2,376 m (7,795 ft)[1]
Prominence1,567 m (5,141 ft)[1]
ListingUltra
Coordinates42°43′03″N 24°55′00″E / 42.71750°N 24.91667°E / 42.71750; 24.91667Coordinates: 42°43′03″N 24°55′00″E / 42.71750°N 24.91667°E / 42.71750; 24.91667[1]
Geography
Botev Peak is located in Bulgaria
Botev Peak
Botev Peak
Location in Bulgaria
LocationCentral Balkan National Park, Bulgaria
Parent rangeBalkan Mountains
Climbing
Easiest routea two and a half hour climb from Ray Resthouse (1,560 m) at the south foot
View of Botev Peak from I-6 road (Bulgaria)

Botev Peak (Bulgarian: (връх) Ботев[2] Bulgarian pronunciation: [(vrɤx) ˈbɔtɛf]) is, at 2,376 metres (7,795 ft) above sea level, the highest peak of the Balkan Mountains. It is located close to the geographic centre of Bulgaria, and is part of the Central Balkan National Park.

Until 1950, when it was renamed in honour of Bulgarian poet and revolutionary Hristo Botev, the peak was called Yumrukchal (Юмрукчал, from Ottoman Turkish Yumrukçal, 'a fist-like peak').[3]

A weather station and a radio tower (opened on 10 July 1966) that covers 65% of the country are located on Botev Peak.[4] The average temperature is −8.9 °C (16.0 °F) in January and 7.9 °C (46.2 °F) in July.[5]

"Botev Peak" is the main facility of Bulgarian FM and TV broadcasting network.[6] The situation at the top near the geographical center of Bulgaria contribute to national radio broadcasts and television broadcast here to cover more than 65% throughout the country, also in parts of Romania and Turkey.[7]

The massif is mainly composed of granite rocks dating from the oligocene — a complex of medium acid volcanics — latites, andesites, shoshoneites.[8]

The flat ridge relief around Botev and Triglav is isolated with high slopes, which from the north (North Jendem) descend steeply from 2000 – 2200 m down, and from the south (South Jendem) — from 1800 – 1900 m.[9]

Channels listed by frequency[edit]

Analogue radio[edit]

Radio programme FM frequency ERP Remarks
BNR Hristo Botev 92,20 MHz 117.5 kW (10 kW TRP) 1966-2003: 72.44 MHz
1977-1998: 71.66 MHz (to 1992: Programme Orpheus/Znanie; to 1998: Radio Plovdiv)
BNR Horizont 100,90 MHz 117.5 kW (10 kW TRP) 1966-2003: 70.88 MHz

Digital television[edit]

TV programme Channel ERP Remarks
National Multiplex 2 - "Pleven" Zone (bTV, Nova, BNT 1, BNT 2, BNT HD, Bulgaria On Air) 57 20 kW (3 kW TRP) Radiation in direction North

Analogue television (prior to 2013)[edit]

TV programme Channel ERP Remarks
BNT 1 11 ~100 kW (20 kW TRP)
bTV 24 ~100 kW (40 kW TRP) 1975-2000: Efir 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Europe Ultra-Prominences" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  2. ^ "РТСС "Ботев"".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Юмрукчал". Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary: In 86 Volumes (82 Volumes and 4 Additional Volumes). St. Petersburg. 1890–1907.
  4. ^ РТСС "Ботев", predavatel.com
  5. ^ Румен Пенин, Природна география на България, стр. 170, София, 2007 г., изд. Булвест 2000
  6. ^ М. Георгиев, Физическа география на България, София, 1991 г., Университетско издателство СУ "Климент Охридски"
  7. ^ "Предавател България • Радио и телевизия от връх Ботев, Radio & Television from Botev peak". Predavatel.com. Retrieved 2014-04-18.
  8. ^ Геоложка карта на МОСВ
  9. ^ География на България, том 1, изд. на БАН, 1966 г.

External links[edit]